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Yoga for Health. What is Yoga? Yoga means to join or “yoke” together the mind, body and spirit. Yoga means to join or “yoke” together the mind, body and.

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Presentation on theme: "Yoga for Health. What is Yoga? Yoga means to join or “yoke” together the mind, body and spirit. Yoga means to join or “yoke” together the mind, body and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Yoga for Health

2 What is Yoga? Yoga means to join or “yoke” together the mind, body and spirit. Yoga means to join or “yoke” together the mind, body and spirit. The aim of Yoga for Health is to bring balance into the body physically, mentally and emotionally. The aim of Yoga for Health is to bring balance into the body physically, mentally and emotionally. By connecting to ourselves through the breath, we can bring our bodies from a state of “dis-ease” to a place of health. By connecting to ourselves through the breath, we can bring our bodies from a state of “dis-ease” to a place of health.

3 Proven Benefits of Yoga The health benefits of Yoga are clearly documented in a compilation by the International Association of Yoga Therapists (IAYT). Based on literature searches, IAYT reports the following physiological benefits of yoga based on regular practice of traditional yoga poses, breathing exercises and meditation: The health benefits of Yoga are clearly documented in a compilation by the International Association of Yoga Therapists (IAYT). Based on literature searches, IAYT reports the following physiological benefits of yoga based on regular practice of traditional yoga poses, breathing exercises and meditation:

4 Benefits of Yoga Stable autonomic nervous system equilibrium Stable autonomic nervous system equilibrium Pulse rate decreases Pulse rate decreases Respiratory rate decreases Respiratory rate decreases Blood pressure decreases Blood pressure decreases EEG: alpha wave increase ( theta, delta and beta waves also increase during various stages of meditation EEG: alpha wave increase ( theta, delta and beta waves also increase during various stages of meditation

5 Benefits of Yoga EMG activity decreases EMG activity decreases Cardiovascular efficiency increases Cardiovascular efficiency increases Respiratory volume and vital capacity increases Respiratory volume and vital capacity increases Gastrointestinal function normalizes Gastrointestinal function normalizes Endocrine function normalizes Endocrine function normalizes Excretory functions improve Excretory functions improve Musculoskeletal flexibility and joint range of motion increase Musculoskeletal flexibility and joint range of motion increase

6 Benefits of Yoga Posture improves Posture improves Strength and resiliency increase Strength and resiliency increase Endurance increases Endurance increases Energy levels increase Energy levels increase Weight normalizes Weight normalizes Sleep improves Sleep improves Immune function normalizes Immune function normalizes Pain decreases Pain decreases

7 Psychoneuroimmunology Medical field of investigation that studies the relationship of the mind and body, as well as its effect on health and disease. Medical field of investigation that studies the relationship of the mind and body, as well as its effect on health and disease. Hippocrates, the father of Western Medicine, taught his students to look at psychosocial factors surrounding individuals in order to understand certain diseases. Hippocrates, the father of Western Medicine, taught his students to look at psychosocial factors surrounding individuals in order to understand certain diseases.

8 CNS and Immune System Recent studies show a bidirectional relationship between the central nervous and immune systems. Recent studies show a bidirectional relationship between the central nervous and immune systems. Researchers continue to explore the mysteries of how diseases affect behavior as well as the role of psychosocial interventions on preventing disease, decreasing the severity of illness and positively impacting disease outcomes. Researchers continue to explore the mysteries of how diseases affect behavior as well as the role of psychosocial interventions on preventing disease, decreasing the severity of illness and positively impacting disease outcomes.

9 Stress Response: Fight or Flight Heart rate increases, Heart rate increases, Blood flow is shifted to skeletal muscles, Blood flow is shifted to skeletal muscles, Pupils dilate, Pupils dilate, Immune function altered -a decrease in the number of T-lymphocytes, reduced natural killer cell activity against tumor cells and decreased production of cytokines. Immune function altered -a decrease in the number of T-lymphocytes, reduced natural killer cell activity against tumor cells and decreased production of cytokines.

10 What is Allostatic Load? Refers to the long-term effect of chronic stress on the body, the “wear and tear”; Refers to the long-term effect of chronic stress on the body, the “wear and tear”; Researchers believe that increases in the allostatic load increase vulnerability to certain diseases Researchers believe that increases in the allostatic load increase vulnerability to certain diseases

11 Yoga is an antidote for stress and a potentially powerful complement to living a healthy, balanced life.

12 History of Yoga The earliest archeological evidence of Yoga’s existence is found in stone engravings that date back to around 3000 B.C. The earliest archeological evidence of Yoga’s existence is found in stone engravings that date back to around 3000 B.C. Both yoga and Shamanism have similar characteristics in their attempts to Both yoga and Shamanism have similar characteristics in their attempts to improve health and promote healing through spiritual mediation. improve health and promote healing through spiritual mediation.

13 History of Yoga The oldest known yoga teachings are found in the Vedas, the sacred scripture of Brahmanism that is the basis of modern-day Hinduism. The Vedas are said to be the oldest sacred texts still used today. The oldest known yoga teachings are found in the Vedas, the sacred scripture of Brahmanism that is the basis of modern-day Hinduism. The Vedas are said to be the oldest sacred texts still used today. Most anthropologists agree that an oral tradition existed long before a literary tradition which gradually set in from about the 2nd century BCE. Yoga was used as a tool to live in harmony, mind, body and spirit. Most anthropologists agree that an oral tradition existed long before a literary tradition which gradually set in from about the 2nd century BCE. Yoga was used as a tool to live in harmony, mind, body and spirit.

14 History of Yoga Yoga shares some characteristics with Hinduism and Buddhism. During the sixth century B.C., Buddha started teaching the importance of Yoga shares some characteristics with Hinduism and Buddhism. During the sixth century B.C., Buddha started teaching the importance of meditation and the practice of physical postures. meditation and the practice of physical postures. At the age of 35, Siddharta Gautama, the first Buddhist to study yoga, achieved enlightenment, described as an intellectual understanding, an intuitive knowing and a total transformation of the heart and mind. At the age of 35, Siddharta Gautama, the first Buddhist to study yoga, achieved enlightenment, described as an intellectual understanding, an intuitive knowing and a total transformation of the heart and mind.

15 Pantanjali Wrote The Yoga Sutra around the second century in an attempt to define and standardize classical Yoga. Wrote The Yoga Sutra around the second century in an attempt to define and standardize classical Yoga. It comprises 195 sutras or “threads” as well as an “Eightfold-Path.” It comprises 195 sutras or “threads” as well as an “Eightfold-Path.”

16 Eight Limbs of Classical Yoga. Yama: social restraints or ethical values; Yama: social restraints or ethical values; Niyama: personal observance of purity, tolerance, and study; Niyama: personal observance of purity, tolerance, and study; Asana: or physical exercises; Asana: or physical exercises; Pranayama: breath control or regulation; Pranayama: breath control or regulation; Pratyahara: sense withdrawal in preparation for meditation (contemplation); Pratyahara: sense withdrawal in preparation for meditation (contemplation); Dharana: concentration; Dharana: concentration; Dhyana: meditation; and Dhyana: meditation; and Samadhi: ecstasy. Samadhi: ecstasy.

17 Swami Sivananda Well-known teacher, and doctor in Malaysia who opened schools in America and Europe. The most famous of his works is the Five Principles of Yoga which are: Well-known teacher, and doctor in Malaysia who opened schools in America and Europe. The most famous of his works is the Five Principles of Yoga which are: –Savasana: proper relaxation; –Asanas: proper exercise; –Pranayama: proper breathing; –Proper diet; and –Dhyana: positive thinking and Meditation (contemplation)

18 Comparison of Popular Yoga Styles AnasuraAshtangaBikramIntegralIyengar Heart-centered Yoga practice which varies according to the creative direction of the teacher. Anusara is sanskit for “flowing with grace.” Poses are linked by breath in flowing sequences to produce internal heat and purifying sweat. Ashtanga means “eight limb practice.” Based on eight limbs of Yoga. A series of 26 poses and breathing exercises performed twice in a room heated to 105 degrees. Promotes detoxification and quick muscle warm-up. a.k.a. “Hot Yoga” Integrates Hatha Yoga with other branches such as Karma Yoga (selfless service) and bhakti yoga (devotion) - emphasizes union with the divine. Emphasis on healing mind and body with poses. Teaches awareness through mindful movement, anatomical precision and alignment in the poses. BKS Iyengar’s book : Light on Yoga (1966) sparked Yoga practice in the west Founder: John Friend (1959) Founder: Sri K. Pattibhi Jois (1915) Founder: Bikram Choudhury (1946) Founder: Swami Satchidananda ( ) : gave the opening speech at Woodstock (1969) Founder: Sri BKS Iyengar (1918)

19 Comparison of Popular Yoga Styles JivamuktiKripaluKundaliniPowerSivananda Based on devotional yoga practice and ahimsa, non-harming. Combines a vigorous flow practice integrating classic yoga philosophy. “Moving meditation” is how this form of yoga is described. Focus on relaxation and healing. Especially good for people with physical limitations. Classes focus on kriyas or sequences including relaxation, reciting mantras and chanting. Based on moving energy up the spine. A vigorous practice that is an American adaptation of Ashtanga Yoga. Focus on holding poses and building strength. Incorporates techniques from all yoga paths – a spiritually based focus. All classes taught in Sanskrit. Pranayama, relaxation and 12 foundational poses. Founders: Sharon Gannon (1951) and David Life (1950) Founder: Swami Kripalu ( ) Founder: Yoga Bhajan ( ) Founder: Baron Baptiste (1963) Founder: Swami Vishnudevananda ( )

20 Yoga TherapyVinyasaViniyogaTantraPhoenix Rising Yoga Therapy An individualized yoga practice for those with injuries or recovering from a traumatic event. A personalized plan for natural healing. Freeform yoga flowing with the breath based on Ashtanga but may or may not be as intense depending on the teacher. Also called “Flow Yoga” “- a conscious evolution connecting each moment with the unifying breath.” - Shiva Rea Focuses intensely on the breath, incorporating pranayama techniques and chanting into asana practice. Postures are gentle and students flow in and out of the poses, sometimes holding them, but usually briefly. Risk of Injury very low, making this style well suited for students with chronic disease. Tantra views the body as a manifestation of the divine and a vehicle for self- transformation. Most of what we know of as yoga in the West owes much to this tradition. Uses the widest possible array of yogic tools. In addition to asana and pranayama, it incorporates mantra, vitualization, and focused meditation. Also includes kriyas or cleansing practices. A therapeutic approach developed by an Australian who comes from the Kripalu tradition. Integration of yoga and western psychology. The Therapist moves your body through a number of passive yoga poses and encourages discussion regarding thoughts, sensations and/or emotions. Founder: Sri T. Krishnamachar ya ( ) Based on Ashtanga Yoga Founder: T.K.V. Desikachar, son of Krishnamacharya ( Yoga Therapy) Rolf Solvik and Rod Stryker are known for this technique– Himalayan Institute Founder: Michael Lee

21 Living Mindfully Through the Breath There is a direct link between our breathing and the way we feel physically and emotionally.

22 Breath Awareness We speak of a sigh of relief, of gasping in horror, of holding the breath in anticipation, of being breathless with excitement. We speak of a sigh of relief, of gasping in horror, of holding the breath in anticipation, of being breathless with excitement. Laughing, sighing, yawning, yelling, gasping, screaming – nature provides us with all these responses to help us fulfill the emotional demands of the instant. Physically, the breath gives us the extra oxygen we need for all these functions. Laughing, sighing, yawning, yelling, gasping, screaming – nature provides us with all these responses to help us fulfill the emotional demands of the instant. Physically, the breath gives us the extra oxygen we need for all these functions.

23 By deliberately controlling the breath, we can consciously alter many physical and emotional functions of the body like the heartbeat, blood flow, mental states and hormones. Pranayama: Breathing in the Life Force

24 The Art of Yoga Breathing Begin by observing the natural inhalation and exhalation of your breath without changing anything. As you inhale, say to yourself, “I notice I am inhaling,” and as you exhale, say to yourself, “ I notice I am exhaling.” Stay focused on the breath for five 5 breath cycles.

25 Three-Part Breathing: Part I Begin to inhale deeply through the Begin to inhale deeply through the nose while filling the belly up nose while filling the belly up with your breath. Expand the with your breath. Expand the belly with air like a balloon. belly with air like a balloon. On each exhale, expel all the air out from the belly through your nose. Draw the navel back towards your spine to make sure that the belly is empty of air. On each exhale, expel all the air out from the belly through your nose. Draw the navel back towards your spine to make sure that the belly is empty of air. Repeat this deep belly breathing for five (5) breath cycles. Repeat this deep belly breathing for five (5) breath cycles.

26 Three-Part Breathing: Part II On the next inhale, fill the belly up with air as described before. Then when the belly is full, draw in a little more breath and let that air expand into the rib cage causing the ribs to widen apart. On the next inhale, fill the belly up with air as described before. Then when the belly is full, draw in a little more breath and let that air expand into the rib cage causing the ribs to widen apart.

27 Three-Part Breathing: Part II As you exhale, let the air go first from the rib cage, letting the ribs slide closer together, and then from the belly, drawing the navel back towards the spine. Repeat for five breaths. As you exhale, let the air go first from the rib cage, letting the ribs slide closer together, and then from the belly, drawing the navel back towards the spine. Repeat for five breaths.

28 Three Part Breathing: Inhale On the next inhale, fill the belly and rib cage up with air as described before. Then draw in just a little more air and let it fill the upper chest, all the way up to the collarbone, causing the area On the next inhale, fill the belly and rib cage up with air as described before. Then draw in just a little more air and let it fill the upper chest, all the way up to the collarbone, causing the area around the heart (which is around the heart (which is called the heart center called the heart center in yoga), to expand and rise. in yoga), to expand and rise.

29 Three Part Breathing: Exhale As you exhale, let the breath go first from the upper chest, allowing the chest to drop slightly, then from the rib cage, letting the ribs slide closer together. Finally, let the air go from the belly, drawing the navel back towards the spine. As you exhale, let the breath go first from the upper chest, allowing the chest to drop slightly, then from the rib cage, letting the ribs slide closer together. Finally, let the air go from the belly, drawing the navel back towards the spine.

30 Three Part Breathing: Think of a Water Pitcher As you inhale, you fill the water pitcher (your body) from the bottom up; As you inhale, you fill the water pitcher (your body) from the bottom up; As you exhale, you empty the water pitcher (your body) from the top to the bottom. As you exhale, you empty the water pitcher (your body) from the top to the bottom.

31 Three Part Breath: Putting it All Together You are practicing three-part breath! Continue at your own pace, eventually coming to let the three parts of the breath happen smoothly without pausing. Continue for about 10 breaths.

32 We know that life begins with the first breath and ends with the last, but it is how we breathe in between that greatly impacts how well we live this life! - Nancy Zi (The Art of Breathing)


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