Presentation on theme: "2006 Spring MASFAP CONFERENCE Ginny D’Angelo Vice President of Student Loans Commerce Bank Leo Hertling Associate Director St. Louis College of Pharmacy."— Presentation transcript:
2006 Spring MASFAP CONFERENCE Ginny D’Angelo Vice President of Student Loans Commerce Bank Leo Hertling Associate Director St. Louis College of Pharmacy
GRAMM-LEACH-BLILEY GLB ACT Financial Modernization Act of 1999
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act GLB is a federal law, which includes provisions in requiring financial institutions to take steps ensuring the security and confidentiality of a consumers/customers personal information. In 2003, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) confirmed that higher education institutions are considered financial institutions under this law.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act Colleges and universities must be in compliance with provisions of the GLB Act that relate to the Safeguards Rule. Colleges and universities that already comply with FERPA will be deemed to be in compliance with FTC privacy rules under the GLB Act.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act The law requires that institutions must protect information collected about individuals: Names Addresses and phone numbers Bank and credit card accounts Social Security numbers Income and credit histories
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act According to the Safeguards Rule, financial institutions must develop a written information security plan that describes their program to protect customer information. Privacy notices explaining an institution’s information-sharing practices must also be provided to each customer.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act Experts suggest that three areas of operation present special challenges and risks to information security: Employee training and management Information systems (network and software),storage,transmissions and retrievals Security management, including prevention, detection and response to attacks, intrusions or other system failures
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act Quick Tips for Safeguarding information: Identify what is considered sensitive information Protect all sensitive information from unauthorized access or use Put safeguarding into practice Report suspicious activity
How does this apply to you? Privacy of Information – FERPA Safety of Information
Which Units are Most Affected by GLB? Registrar Financial Aid Office Bursar Development Office IT Academic Departments
Privacy of Information FERPA – Family Educational Rights & Privacy Act (1974) If you are FERPA-compliant, you are meeting GLB criteria to protect information privacy FERPA protects privacy of all student educational records and financial information
FERPA Policies Written policy – College Catalogue Staff training; i.e., memos from Registrar’s Office to faculty & staff regarding FERPA policy Information is shared on a “need to know” basis, i.e.: Audits Law enforcement officials (must have proper documentation and credentials) Contracted services (loan, collection agencies) Development Office
Rights Guaranteed under FERPA Right to inspect and review educational records Right to seek amendment of educational records Right to have control over the disclosure of educational records Right to file a complaint with ED for alleged failures of an institution’s compliance
What Can Be Shared? MAY SHARE Name Address telephone # Major DOB and location Photo Dates of attendance School activities Enrollment status Most recent previous school attended MAY NOT SHARE Social Security # Student ID # Race Ethnicity Nationality Gender
Dealing with Parents Major differences between FAO policies and those of the Registrar For the Registrar Parents may have access to student records if: They have obtained a SIGNED AND WRITTEN CONSENT or the student If the student is under the age of 24 and was claimed by the parent in the prior tax year, the parent may access the students records after the student has been advised of the institution’s intention to release information to the parent. You must give the student adequate time to respond. You must return the tax return to the parent. You do not have the right to keep it. Simply document that you checked it and that the student was claimed. If the student objects, the parent must obtained a signed written consent before records may be released. School must maintain records of the request and ANY disclosures
The FAO and Parents Parents of dependent students are afforded the right to access a student’s financial records. This applies for Dependent students in terms of IRS dependency. NOT TIV aid terms. FAOs may have student sign an annual waiver granting the parents access on an annual basis.
Dealing with Spouses FERPA does not recognize spouses therefore they must be treated as unrelated 3 rd parties As such, spouses have NO rights to a student’s educational or financial aid records. Period end of discussion.
GLB extends FERPA If your institution makes loans to parents and other individuals, you must also protect their privacy These loans can include: PLUS Alternative Parent Loans
Safeguard Rule Institutions must develop a written information security plan to protect customer information Institutions must send privacy notices explaining the information-sharing practices to each customer
Safeguards Rule Expanded Must include plans to safeguard information against: Natural Disaster Human Error Fraud Data corruption Theft (hardware, software, reports) Unauthorized access
Safeguards Rule (cont) Natural Disaster (Earthquake, hurricane, flood, tornado, etc.) Is your data backed up in a remote location? Do you lock your computer when you leave your work station during fire alarms – or any other time, for that matter!?
Safeguards Rule (cont) Deliberate Fraud Must maintain a separation of duties Conflict of interest policies must be observed Human Error Do you have audit trails and reports that can be used to reconstruct data
Safeguards Rule (cont) Data Corruption Protect and secure access to data, i.e., limit query vs. update capability on a “need-to-do” basis, limit student worker access as needed Anti-virus software must be maintained and applied Institution must erect firewalls and develop protection against hackers
Safeguards Rule (cont) Must secure against theft of hardware, software and reports Secure during non-business hours: offices locked, keys secured Approved shredder: eliminates guess work in how to feed in documents
More Safeguards Must protect against unauthorized access Frequent password changes should be systematically required Reports sent on a “need-to-know” basis Computer privacy shields Student ID card readers – prevents inappropriate overhearing of SIDs or SSNs
More Safeguards Communicating to students via Use student’s institutional address Respond to non-institutional that an answer has been sent to the student’s institutional address Respond to parent inquiries through student’s institutional e- mail and ask student to forward to parent Mass communication to students should take student’s to a secure web site that protects their individual information
Whose Responsible Anyway? Identify and involve all offices involved with loans or collection of data FAO Business Office IT/Computer Systems Development Academic departments (scholarship applications)
Who’s the Compliance Officer? Someone must be designated the institutional Compliance Officer This function is usually assumed by the Business and Finance Division At STLCOP our registrar is our CO FAO responsibility rests in informing potential units of GLB responsibility
FAO GLB Policies Shred all student-specific documents Policy for identifying students and parents before sharing data Refer non-student/parent requests (3 rd party) to appropriate staff Report computer problems immediately
Additional FAO Policies Don’t share passwords. Problem: What do you do when an employee is absent and you need to access information on his/her computer? Lock computers when leaving work area Computer screens shielded from other students No visitor left behind – or unattended!
Resources US Department of Education FSA Handbooks Recordkeeping and Disclosure Chapter The Blue Book Chapter 7 Record Keeping and Disclosure pp 1-93 – Ramirez, Clifford (2002) Managing the Privacy of Student Records, LRP Publications, Horsham PA
CONTACT INFORMATION Ginny D’Angelo (800) Fax: (314) Leo Hertling 314/ fax# 314/