3What is Puberty?It is the time when our bodies change toward an adult body.Start to develop new feelings and interestsStart to make sperm cells or start to make egg cells
4What is Puberty? The cells necessary to make a new human: Egg + Sperm = Baby
5When do changes happen? Anywhere between 8 and 17. Most people begin between the ages of 10 and 14.When you start makes no difference to how you develop.No age is better any other one.For some, most of the changes happen in a few years.For some, changes happen slowly over lots of years- THIS IS NORMAL!!
6What changes happen to girls. http://www. bbc. co The hormone estrogen increases, which causes puberty!Get taller and heavier. Females’ body shape changes and hips widen to make more space for a fetus to develop.Bones grow bigger and heavierHips get wider and more curvyFace changes shapeVoice gets a little deeper
7What changes happen to girls? Hair grows under the armpits, around the genitals (pubic hair)Hair on arms and legs grows darkerBreasts and nipples get largerBody sweats moreInternal and external sex organs growMay have mood swings, sexual thoughts and feelings
8What changes happen to boys? Grow taller and heavierBones grow bigger and heavierNose and jaw get bigger and face gets longerGet more musclesHair and skin can become oily and you may get pimplesBody sweats moreHair grows on the face, under the armpits, around the genitals (pubic hair).
9What changes happen to boys? May get more hair on arms, legs and chest.Voice gets deeperPenis and testicles growScrotum changesMay have mood swings, sexual thoughts and feelingsBreasts may growGuys put on more muscle- compared to a girl of the same height, weight and build, the guy may be able to lift more weight and run faster.
10What causes these changes? Hormones –produced first in the brain by the pituitary glandHormones are chemical messengers that travel in the blood streamEach hormone has a specific job.The pituitary gland, deep inside your brain, gets things started. It sends out hormones to our sex organs to get them to start making sex hormones.
11What causes these changes? It is the sex hormones that make the changes that cause children’s bodies grow into adult bodies.Both boys and girls make the same sex hormones. The main ones are testosterone and estrogen.Boys make lots of testosterone, not so much estrogen.Girls make lots of estrogen, not so much testosterone.
12What will I look like when I grow up? That depends mostly on your heredity, the genes you got when an egg cell and a sperm cell from your birth parents came together to make the cells that developed into you.
13What will I look like when I grow up? Genes mostly determine how tall you will grow, the colour of your hair, the size and shape of your breasts and your overall body shape.Other things that affect our body are the foods we eat, how active we are and how much sleep we get.
14Female Internal Reproductive Anatomy: UterusSometimes called the womb.Muscular organ about the size of a pear.Where developing baby, called a fetus, grows and is fed.Where the period comes from.VaginaWarm, soft, moist passageway joining outside and uterus.
15Female Internal Anatomy: Fallopian tubesNarrow tubes between the uterus and the ovary.OvariesGlands that make egg cells and female sex hormones.CervixThe lower part of the uterus.Makes mucus to keep sperm alive.Has opening where sperm enter uterus and where the baby comes out of the uterus.
16The Menstrual Cycle:Girls are born with hundreds of thousands of tiny eggs, called ova – one is called an ovum.These egg cells are only half formed.At puberty, hormones tell the ovaries it is time to start releasing ova.Usually one egg at a time matures (develops) and is released from an ovary.
17So what are periods and why do they happen? The uterus starts to grow a thick lining on the inside wall.The lining has lots of tiny blood vessels.The lining is there to protect and feed an egg that has combined with a sperm to form a fertilized egg.
18So what are periods and why do they happen? If an egg does not meet a sperm, the lining is not needed.It breaks up.Mixed with some blood it comes out the uterus into the vagina and then out the vaginal opening.This is called menstruation but lots of females just call it their period.Periods last 3-8 daysIf a woman is not pregnant then her ovary will release another egg, the lining build up and, if the egg is not fertilized, she has another period.This is called the menstrual cycle.
19How often does a period occur? Some women never have a regular pattern.Most women eventually have a regular cycle – they know approximately when their next period will happen.Each person is different so some women may have a period every 23 days, some every 28 days and some every 35 days.
20What are the sex organs? The parts are: These parts are also called the reproductive organs and genitalsThe parts are: UrethraPenisTesticles or TestesScrotum
21What are the sex organs? Urethra Penis Testicles or testes Scrotum the tube through which urine and semen leaves the boy’s bodyPenistube-like organ that hangs outside the bodyTesticles or testesWhere sperm are madeScrotumskin that holds testicleskeeps them at right temperature to make sperm, slightly cooler than body’s temperature
22Males-What happens on the inside? Hormones from the pituitary make the testicles grow and they start making more testosterone and producing sperm After puberty you make 200, ,000 sperm cells a day for the rest of your lifeSperm build up in tubes around the testiclesThey travel along some tubes and mix with fluids from glandsSperm + fluids = semen
23What about feelings?You may have mood swings – happy one day, sad the next.You may love your friends or family at times and not want to have anything to do with them at other times.Sometimes you may feel grown-up, other times like a kidThere may be lots of tears and arguments.Changing hormones cause some of these feelings.D fertilization