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“The Eight Stages of Genocide” Gregory H. Stanton, President, Genocide Watch How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide.

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Presentation on theme: "“The Eight Stages of Genocide” Gregory H. Stanton, President, Genocide Watch How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide."— Presentation transcript:

1 “The Eight Stages of Genocide” Gregory H. Stanton, President, Genocide Watch How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide

2 CLASSIFICATION 1. CLASSIFICATION: Distinction by ethnicity, race, religion, or nationality into “us and them” Bipolar societies that lack mixed categories are the most likely to have genocide How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide

3 SYMBOLIZATION 2. SYMBOLIZATION: Applying names or other symbols to classifications. Stages 1 and 2 are universal human behavior and do not result in genocide unless they lead to dehumanization. How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide

4 DEHUMANIZATION 3. DEHUMANIZATION: Perpetrator group denies victim group’s humanity through hate propaganda. Victim members are equated with animals, vermin, insects or diseases to overcome perpetrator’s normal revulsion against murder. How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide

5 ORGANIZATION 4. ORGANIZATION: Perpetrator groups organize and plan for genocidal killings Can be state-led special army units, affiliated militias, informal mobs, or decentralized terrorist groups How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide

6 POLARIZATION 5. POLARIZATION: Extremists widen social divides through hate propaganda, socially-restrictive laws, and/or intimidation or murder of moderates. How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide

7 PREPARATION 6. PREPARATION: Victims are identified and targeted. Victim groups members are forced to wear identifying symbols Property expropriated Physical confinement into ghettos, concentration camps, or famine-struck regions Death lists established How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide

8 EXTERMINATION 7. EXTERMINATION Mass killing is “extermination” because the killers do not believe their victims to be fully human. How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide

9 DENIAL 8. DENIAL Perpetrators deny crimes, destroy evidence, intimidate witnesses, blame victims, block investigations, and continue to govern until forced from power. How does genocide occur? Stanton, Eight Stages of Genocide


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