Presentation on theme: "Complete the worksheet on the D.E.C.I.D.E. model."— Presentation transcript:
1 Complete the worksheet on the D.E.C.I.D.E. model. Entry Slip – 9/8Complete the worksheet on the D.E.C.I.D.E. model.D: Define the ProblemE: Explore Alternatives (2)C: Consider ConsequencesI: Identify Values/BeliefsD: Decide and ActE: Explore Results
3 Entry Slip – 9/9Analyze the two types of stress. Provide examples from your own life of each.
4 STRESS!LT: I can identify the impact of stress on my health (both positive and negative)
5 WHAT CAUSES STRESS?Definition of stress: the reaction of your body & mind to threatening or challenging events in your life.The man who studied stress? Hans Selye (known as the father of stress, no not the father of soul).Selye believed that the cause of stress, which he called stressors occurred on two levels:Eustress - that which produces positive stressDistress - that which produces negative stress.
6 HOW DOES STRESS AFFECT THE BODY? The body's response to stress occurs in 3 stages:1. Alarm Stage - in this stage the body releases a substance known as adrenaline into your bloodstream. Adrenaline gives you a burst of energy and causes many other physiological changes to occur:increased heartbeatIncreased amount of blood in the musclesIncreased breathing rateThe pupils widenThere is an increase in the production of sweatThere is a decrease in the production of urineThere is a decrease in the digestive system
7 In the alarm stage your brain is alert, able to take in information, and it is ready to react. This reaction is called the fight or flight response.2. Resistance Stage - this is where the body tries to recover from the alarm in the first stage. This is because the stressor remains in the body, the body cannot restore homeostasis. The body begins to function at higher than normal levels. As a result, the body becomes tired, irritable, and less able to handle any additional stress, or to fight off colds, flu, etc.3. Exhaustion Stage - Exhaustion occurs if the stressor remains. In this stage the body is worn down and no longer has enough energy to fight off the stressor. This can lead to illness, impaired judgment, and possibly death, if not removed.
8 Ranking stressors by high school students Therefore the three physiological response to continuous stress, including the alarm, resistance and exhaustion stages is known as the General Adaptation Syndrome.Ranking stressors by high school studentsthis is ranked in what we call "life change units" with"O" being no stress and "100" being the highest level of stress
9 101 - Getting married92 - Being pregnant & unwed87 - experiencing death of a parent81 - Acquiring a visible deformity77 - Going through a parent's divorce77 - Becoming an unwed father76 - Becoming involved with alcohol or drugs75 - Having a parent jailed for a year or more69 - Going through a parent's separation68 - Experiencing the death of a brother/sister67 - Experiencing a change in acceptance by peers64 - Having an unwed, pregnant teenage sister
10 64 - Discovering you have been adopted 63 - Having a parent remarry62 - Experiencing the death of a close friend62 - Having a visible congenital deformity58 - Having a serious illness, requiring hospitalization56 - Failing a grade in high school55 - Not making an extra curricular activity55 - Experiencing the serious illness of a parent53 - breaking up with your girlfriend/boyfriend53 - Having a parent go to jail for 30 days or less51 - Beginning to date
11 MEETING LIFE'S CHALLENGES Growing up psychologically means developing coping mechanisms to meet life's challenges.B. A coping mechanism or strategy is the way of dealing with uncomfortable or unbearable feelings or situations.
12 Development of an adult identity means having a unified sense of self, of ones roles and place, and of one's own uniqueness; it means realistic self-assessment and the ability to interact with others.D. Identity evolves through interaction with the world. Early identity is based on modeling of others. Eventually it becomes more individual and stable.
13 Achieving realistic self-esteem means knowing one's self - worth. self-esteem refers to how much you like yourself & feel good about yourself. Self -esteem is grounded in love and positive feedback received in childhood.b. those who do not have a stable self-concept have conflicting, polar views of themselves, which makes it impossible to see themselves and others realistically.
14 c. teens and adults all run into situations that challenge their self-concept, and they choose to react in several ways…….from acknowledging that something went wrong and starting again, to denying that anything went wrong and blaming someone else, to developing a lasting negative self-concept in which they feel bad, unloved, and ineffective or demoralized.
15 Defense mechanisms allow people to rearrange thoughts and feelings to resolve conflict. When coping strategies occur at the unconscious level, they are called defense mechanisms. The seven most common defense mechanisms include:1. Compensation - making up for a weakness in one area by excelling in another area.2. Rationalization - making an excuse for actions or feelings.
16 3. Denial - refusing to recognize the existence or an emotion or problem. 4. Reaction Formation - behaving in a way opposite to the way you are feeling.5. Projection - putting your own faults onto another person.6. Regression - returning to immature behaviors to express emotions.7. Humor - using humor to cover or express your true emotions.
17 Stress Can Be Your Friend! Stress as Your Friend - TED Health Video
18 Journal #4: When have you experienced negative stress? When have you experienced positive stress?What are some coping strategies for dealing with stress?