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Effects of Weathering, Erosion and Deposition

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Presentation on theme: "Effects of Weathering, Erosion and Deposition"— Presentation transcript:

1 Effects of Weathering, Erosion and Deposition
Texas Ecoregions Effects of Weathering, Erosion and Deposition

2 What Is An Ecoregion? Ecoregion - a major ecosystem with distinctive geography, characteristic plants and animals, ecosystems, and receiving uniform solar radiation and moisture Sometimes called an ecological region or bioregion Smaller than a biome

3 In the natural world, environments are characterized by:
Types of soil Precipitation Temperature Land features Vegetation Animal wildlife

4 Factors Affecting Our Ecoregions:
Weathering – chemical and physical break down of rocks into sediment Erosion – the movement of sediment from one place to another Deposition – the placement of sediment after being carried from place of origin


6 1. Piney Woods Due to abundant precipitation and abundant vegetation that holds the soil in place, there is very little erosion. Thick vegetation near rivers inhibits river erosion.


8 2. Oak Wood & Prairies Has gently rolling hills and lightly wooded plains. This area generally receives a moderate amount of rainfall that helps shape the land. Trees and grasses prevent large amounts of soil erosion due to water and wind.


10 3. Blackland Prairie These areas have nutrient-rich soils and receive good amounts of rainfall through the year. If the land is clear-cut of natural vegetation for construction, nutrients can easily be eroded. If the land is used for farming and it is not managed well, nutrients will be quickly used up.


12 4. Gulf Coast Prairies Wave action, a cause of weathering, erosion and deposition, is constant along the Texas Coastline. Sediments are weathered and eroded along beaches and carried out into the ocean to form sand bars and islands. When rivers, like the Brazos enter the Gulf of Mexico sediment being carried by the river stop moving and get deposited causing a delta.



15 5. Coastal Sand Plain Soil in the region is primarily sand-based.
If there isn’t enough vegetation to keep the soil in place, rainfall received can cause severe erosion. Catastrophic events such as hurricanes can increase wave erosion and deposition.


17 6. South texas Brush Country
The area is known as “Brush Country” due to the shorter trees and many shrubs. Overgrazing of the land has allowed nutrient-rich topsoil to erode way. Rocky, dry soil cannot support grasses, trees can thrive because of their deeper root system.


19 7. Edwards Plateau Erosion has left most of the region with very shallow soils (less than 10 inches) lined with limestone rock layers. High amounts of rain in a short amount of time can cause flash flooding. Rainwater mixes with carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and soils to form carbonic acid, which acts to dissolve away limestone.



22 8. Llano Uplift The soil is not as prone to flooding because it allows water to infiltrate very easily. The region is described as rough, hilly terrain. Enchanted Rock-Exfoliation has caused the rock to “peel” in sheets. This was caused by contracting and expanding during heating and cooling in the temperature. The weathering of sedimentary rock has exposed the granite dome underneath Other types of mechanical weathering present – plant roots


24 9. Rolling Plains Soils in this area are most fertile and sought after for crop production. Periods of drought and then sudden increase in rainfall causes large amounts of erosion and deplete the soil of nutrients.


26 10. High Plains “Texas Panhandle”-Largest and most completely flat areas of it size in the world! The region extends to the Palo Duro Canyon-the nation’s 2nd largest canyon. Palo Duro Canyon was formed by water erosion from the Prairie Dog Town Fork of the Red River. The water deepens the canyon by moving sediment downstream. Wind and water erosion gradually widen the canyon



29 11. Trans Pecos Rain does not fall evenly over the area. “Desert portion” of Texas. The weathered bedrock in this area have a large amount of calcium. Erosion and deposition in the area creates soil which has high amounts of calcium called caliche. Home of the tallest mountain in Texas, Guadalupe Peak. Elevation is 8,749 feet. Pines and Oaks dominate the tree species. Soils are shallow and rocky. Weathering continues to play a role in developing soil and will for thousands of years to come. Soils in the canyon bottoms and valleys are deeper as a result of deposition.



32 12. Marine environment Marine topography refers to the shape the land along coastlines, but they occur also in significant ways underwater. The effectiveness of marine habitats is partially defined by these shapes, including the way they interact with and shape ocean currents. Marine topographies include coastal and oceanic landforms ranging from coastal estuaries and shorelines to continental shelves and coral reefs.

33 Our Next Step: Analyzed the characteristics of the ecoregions of Texas Investigated processes that change the surface of the Earth Explored how the process of weathering, erosion, and deposition have affected the environments in Texas ecoregion.

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