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TAKING A STAKE IN AFRICA’S BIGGEST ECONOMY A KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY AMB. HABIB HABU, OON CONSUL GENERAL OF NIGERIA, NEW YORK 1.

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Presentation on theme: "TAKING A STAKE IN AFRICA’S BIGGEST ECONOMY A KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY AMB. HABIB HABU, OON CONSUL GENERAL OF NIGERIA, NEW YORK 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 TAKING A STAKE IN AFRICA’S BIGGEST ECONOMY A KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY AMB. HABIB HABU, OON CONSUL GENERAL OF NIGERIA, NEW YORK 1

2 OUTLINE Introduction Country Profile Overview of the Nigerian Economy Government’s Transformation Agenda Nigerian Economy in Africa Rebasing of GDP Opportunities & Incentives offered by the Nigerian Economy International Oil Pricing & the Nigerian Economy: What Prospects Conclusion 2

3 Introduction I’m honored & excited to give the keynote address My focus is on the Nigerian Economy; policies that have influenced rapid economic transformation; Key sectors that account for recent growth; opportunities/incentives for investment; and future prospects. But first, Brief Country Profile Population – 170m GDP - $510bn GDP Growth – 6.4% GDP per capita - $2,600; Inflation Rate - 7.8% 3

4 Overview of the Nigerian Economy Nigeria is the largest economy in Africa Stable macro-economic fundamentals Increased economic diversity and visibility on the global economic map New economic and investment opportunities Top African destination for FDI (UNCTAD, 2013) Among Goldman Sach “Next 11” Top destination for equity in frontier markets (Rencap. 2014) 4

5 Overview of the Nigerian Economy cont’d Key challenges Lack of adequate infrastructure Income inequality High unemployment Significant levels of poverty & growth disparities among regions Poor power supply Insecurity in the North East region 5

6 Government’s Transformation Agenda Priorities as defined in Govt’s Transformation Agenda Infrastructure – power, transport, housing, ICT Real sector – agriculture, manufacturing, oil and gas, solid minerals Human capital development – education, healthcare, labour and productivity, women and youth development 6

7 Nigerian Economy in Africa Nigeria rebased its GDP from 1990 to 2010, resulting in an 89% increase in the estimated size of the economy. As a result, the country has become the largest economy in Africa with an estimated nominal GDP of USD 510 billion, surpassing South Africa’s USD 352 billion and Egypt’s USD 271.9 billion (2013). The exercise has revealed a more diversified economy than previously thought. The services sector is more dominant. Sectors like entertainment (Nollywood) contribute significantly to GDP, more than previously thought. Nigeria has maintained its impressive growth over the past decade with a record estimated 7.4% growth of real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2013, up from 6.7% in 2012. Due to falling crude price, GDP growth as at 3 rd quarter of 2014 was 6.23% 7

8 Nigerian Economy in Africa cont’d Nigeria is also Africa’s Largest Market, with 170 million in population (7th largest in the World), and a growing middle class, currently 23 percent of the population (AFDB 2010) By 2050, Nigeria will have one of the youngest populations in the World – number 5 on the “List of the Top Ten Countries. Nigeria’s median age is projected at 21.4 years in 2050, from 17.8 years in 2013. Driven by the Non-Oil Sector, Nigeria’s real GDP growth outperformed that of Sub-Sahara African region in 2014. 2011201220132014 Q3 2014 Real GDP Growth % (Old Series) 7.436.586.89N/A N/A Real GDP Growth % (New Series) 5.314.215.496.23 6.75* Non-Oil Growth % (New Series) 5.855.818.428.21 7.0** Sub-Sahara Africa – Real GDP growth %5.54.94.9N/A 5.4** * Based on NBS Projections. ** Based on IMF Projections 8

9 Nigerian Economy in Africa cont’d Going forward, there are prospects of strong economic growth. Such prospects are predicated on continued recovery of the global economy, favourable agricultural harvests and a possible boost in energy supply arising from the power-sector reform, as well as on expected positive outcomes from the Agricultural Transformation Agenda. Comprehensive economic and structural reforms are also expected to improve economic growth. Nevertheless, the country’s ongoing GDP rebasing may influence the growth figures, possibly making them lower going forward since the expected result is a larger economy. 9

10 Nigerian Economy in Africa cont’d Other Positive Indicators Sovereign Debt Position Remains Strong and Sustainable but concerns continue to exist over the build-up of domestic debt Non-Oil Revenues are Low….but Government is working to enhance them Inflation is trending downwards: Inflation is now 8.3% as at the end of July 2014, down from 12.3% in December 2012 Exchange Rate is fairly stable: The Naira/USD exchange rate has remained within the prescribed band (plus/minus 3% band around N155) Foreign Reserves at US$ 38.9 Billion (2014), of which: Excess Crude Account is US$ 4.05 Billion (July 24, 2014) Sovereign Wealth Fund is fully operational. Funds under management now stands at $1.55 billion. Yields on Eurobonds are low & Domestic Bond yields are also relatively low 10

11 Nigerian Economy in Africa cont’d Other Positive Indicators External Accounts have slightly weakened in recent times but remain in a strong position Nigeria remains in the top 3 FDI destinations in Africa with South Africa and Mozambique being the other two Government has been reforming the financial sector Clean up of banking system complete – all 24 banks are now fully stable and capitalized. Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) are now less than 5 percent. Government policies (e.g. forbearance) have supported a strong capital markets performance – one of the best in Africa. Insurance Sector is also doing better, with introduction of micro- insurance etc…Number of policy holders increased from 700,000 in 2010 to about 2 million in 2014. 11

12 Opportunities & Incentives offered by the Nigerian Economy Drivers of the Economy Thriving democracy with strong, independent and critical press Increasing transparency in government operations, with independent and well respected regulatory agencies Ongoing privatization & deregulation of the Nigerian economy Independent judiciary and increasing citizen participation in governance matters Infrastructure re-engineering and expansion Strong and virile Financial and Insurance sector Simplified and streamlined Business Entry procedures – One-Stop Initiative The Public Service reform – removal of bureaucratic huddles Low External Debt 12

13 Opportunities & Incentives offered by the Nigerian Economy cont’d Government has developed incentives for various sectors of the economy to provide an enabling environment that is conducive to the growth and development of industries, inflow of FDI, shield existing investments from unfair competition, and stimulate the expansion of domestic production capacity Industrial sector Taxation: Fiscal measures have been drawn to provide for deductions and allowances in the determination of taxable income of manufacturing enterprises, including: Pioneer status, which is a concession to pioneer companies located in economically disadvantaged areas, providing a tax holiday period of five to seven years. these industries must be considered by the government, to be beneficial to the country's economy and in the interest of the public. Companies that are involved in local raw material development; local value added; labour intensive processing; export oriented activities; in-plant training; are also qualified for additional concessions. 13

14 Opportunities & Incentives offered by the Nigerian Economy cont’d Investment Guarantees/Effective Protection Transferability Of Funds Guarantees Against Expropriation Access To Land Any company incorporated in Nigeria is allowed to have access to land rights for the purpose of its activity in any state in the country. it is, however, a requirement that industrial companies comply with regulations on use of land for industrial purposes and with environmental regulations. Land lease is usually for a term of 99 years unless the company stipulates a shorter duration. Oil & Gas Sector The following fiscal incentives have been approved by the government in the gas production phase: tax rate under petroleum profit tax (ppt) act to be at the same rate as company tax which is currently at 30%; capital allowance at the rate of 20% per annum in the first 4 years, 19% in the 5th year and the remaining 1% in the books; investment tax credit at the current rate of 5%; royalty at the rate of 7% on shore and 5% offshore. 14

15 Opportunities & Incentives offered by the Nigerian Economy cont’d Gas Transmission and Distribution Capital Allowance As In Production Phase; Tax Rate As In Production Phase; Tax Holiday Under Pioneer Status. LNG Projects Applicable tax rate under ppt is 45%; Capital allowance is 33% per annum onsight-straight-line basis in the first three years with with 1% remaining in the books; Investment tax credit of 10%; Royalty of 7% on shore, 5% offshore tax deductible 15

16 Opportunities & Incentives offered by the Nigerian Economy cont’d AGRICULTURE In addition to favourable terms of agricultural loans, companies in the agro-allied business do not have their capital allowance restricted to 60% but graduated in full - 100%; Agro-allied plant and equipment enjoy enhanced capital allowances of up to 50%. Solid Minerals 3 to 5 years tax holiday; deferred royalty payments depending on the magnitude of the investment and strategic nature of the project; possible capitalisation of expenditure on exploration and surveys; provision of 100% foreign ownership of mining companies or concerns; in addition to roll-over relief under the capital gains tax (cgt), companies replacing their plants and machinery are to enjoy a once-and-for-all 95% capital allowance in the first year with 5% retention value until the asset is disposed of, etc. 16

17 Opportunities & Incentives offered by the Nigerian Economy cont’d Tourism The tourism sector was accorded preferred sector status in 1991. this makes it qualify for such incentives as tax holidays, longer years of moratorium and import duty exemption on tourism related equipment; State governments are prepared to facilitate acquisition of land through the issuance of certificate of occupancy for the purpose of tourism development; 25% of income derived from tourists by hotels in convertible currencies are tax-exempt provided such income is put in a reserve fund to be utilized within 5 years for expansion or the construction of new hotels, conference centres, etc that are useful for tourism development Telecommunications Government provides non-fiscal incentives to private investors in addition to a tariff structure that ensures that investors recover their investment over a reasonable period of time, bearing in mind the need for differential tariffs between urban and rural areas. Rebate and tax relief are provided for the local manufacture of telecommunications equipment and provision of telecommunication services. There are numerous other tax incentives for other lines of trade and export incentives for non-oil sector 17

18 International Oil Pricing & the Nigerian Economy: What Prospects In the face of failing oil prices and drop in Government revenue, Nigeria has introduced austerity measures focusing on spending cuts mostly applied to areas that are in the least likely to constraint growth eg cut in international travels and consolidation of some government agencies whose functions overlap The measures are expected to help in maintaining the external shocks and also help intensify structural transformation The measures are not just belt tightening, but an opportunity to improve fiscal management and widen tax net that will help Government to generate additional revenue and at the same time help in redistributing income. Introduction of luxury property tax Because Nigerian GDP growth is led by non-oil sectors, the very adverse conditions are not immediately expected in Nigeria and may never become a reality The Nigerian economy is projected to grow at over 5% in spite of the cuts in GDP growth projections as a result of falling oil prices 18

19 CONCLUSION The diligent implementation of the economic component of the Federal Government’s Transformation Agenda has resulted in strong macro-economic fundamentals This, coupled with the carefully defined austerity measures, will help Nigerian economy stay the cause even in the face of falling oil prices Nigeria remains attractive to FDI Growth in services, agriculture and manufacturing will remain on track and will help create jobs 19

20 CONCLUSION THANK YOU 20


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