Presentation on theme: "Baltimore Polytechnic Institute December 3, 2012 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green."— Presentation transcript:
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute December 3, 2012 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green
Objectives: Describe the economic strengths and weaknesses of the Cotton Kingdom and its central role in the prosperity of Britain as well as the United States. Outline the hierarchical social structure of the South, from the planter aristocracy to African American slaves. Describe the non-slaveholding white majority of the South, and explain why most poorer whites supported slavery even though they owned no slaves. AP Focus The South in the antebellum period is dominated by the planter- slaveholder class, which comprises only a small percentage of the South’s white population—approximately two-thirds of southern whites own no slaves. So important is cotton to the South’s—and, some contend, the nation’s—economy that it is referred to as King Cotton. The life of freed slaves, while appreciably better than that of their enslaved brethren, is precarious. Freed slaves did not find a panacea to their problems and treatment in the North either.
CHAPTER THEMES The explosion of cotton production fastened the slave system deeply upon the South, creating a complex, hierarchical racial and social order that deeply affected whites as well as blacks. The economic benefits of an increasing production of cotton due to the cotton gin and slavery were shared between the South, the North, and Britain. The economics of cotton and slavery also led to bigger and bigger plantations, since they could afford the heavy investment of human capital.
Election and Decades Chart will be completed this week and submitted for a grade
Northern shippers-profits from cotton shipped to England Half the value of all American exports after 1840 South produced ½ the world’s cotton Southerners in the cotton industry believed that it gave them an advantage over England and the North
Widened gap between rich and poor Hampered tax-supported public education Rich planters sent children away to school Quickly exhausted the soil-soil butchery Financial instability of the plantation system over-speculation of land slave costs/runaways Limited diversification of agriculture/manufacturing/ethnicities
¼ of white southerners owned slaves or belonged to a slave-owning family Small farmers worked alongside slaves Non-slave owners were subsistence farmers removed from the Cotton life. Poor whites-staunchest supporters of slavery, even though they owned no slaves. status American Dream Mountain whites-completely removed from the heart of the Cotton Kingdom
250,000 Free Blacks in 1860 in the South 250,000 Free Blacks in 1860 in the North Denied basic rights such as voting, employment, public school As the international slave trade ended in the US in 1808, a vibrant internal slave trade boomed. Treated as property and sparred dangerous jobs as roofing and swamp clearing Mulatto population increased as slave owners fostered affection to the female slave
Slaves denied an education-education brought ideas and discontent Slaves utilized tactics to upset owners slow work sabotage of equipment poison owners Rebellions Denmark Vesey-Charleston, SC Nat Turner-slaughtered 60 Virginians, mostly women and children Amistad (1839) seized control of Spanish slave ship and driven ashore on Long Island Former President John Q. Adams secured their freedom with their return to Sierra Leone
Quakers American Colonization Society-return slaves to Africa Liberia-established for former slaves, capital named after a U.S. President only foreign capital named after a U.S. President
William Lloyd Garrison-The Liberator David Walker-Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World-advocated a bloody end Sojourner Truth Martin Delany –re-colonization theory Frederick Douglass political response to end slavery
Missouri Compromise of 1820 Virginia tightens slave codes and others join a response to Nat Turner’s rebellion Nullification crisis of 1832 Slavery as a positive good Owners encouraged religion This support of slavery further widened the gap between the North and South
Explain how the North and the South were connected. Be sure to include finance, cotton, and commerce. OR Compare and contrast the lives lived by free blacks to that of plantation slaves. Be sure to include all aspects of society. You may use a Venn Diagram to organize your thinking, but you are required to submit this in standard writing from.