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Agenda 1.Introduction & Summary of the Reports (D. Lee) 25 mins 2.Presentation of the Portal (R. Cyganiak) 15 mins 3.Clarifications/Questions/AOB (All)

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Presentation on theme: "Agenda 1.Introduction & Summary of the Reports (D. Lee) 25 mins 2.Presentation of the Portal (R. Cyganiak) 15 mins 3.Clarifications/Questions/AOB (All)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Agenda 1.Introduction & Summary of the Reports (D. Lee) 25 mins 2.Presentation of the Portal (R. Cyganiak) 15 mins 3.Clarifications/Questions/AOB (All) Open 1

2 What is Open Data? OKF’s Open Definition : A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike. 2

3 Public Service Domains

4 Typical Open Data Questions How many passengers use public transport each year? What are the pollution levels in my city? Which planning applications are under consideration in my area? How does the budgeted expenditure of a department compare with actual spending? 4

5 5 https://www.epa.ie/pubs/reports/water/bathing/thequalityofbathingwaterinireland2012.html

6 Impact of Open Data Political: o government transparency o government efficiency Social: o environmental sustainability o social inclusion Economic: o economic growth o entrepreneurial activity Davies, T., Perini, F. & Alonso, J.M., Researching the Emerging Impacts of Open Data: ODDC Conceptual Framework 6

7 Economic Value of Open Data Open Data, not big data, will be driver for growth, ingenuity and innovation in the UK economy. (Deloitte Analytics, 2012). $1.5 billion: US National Weather Service supporting a private weather industry per year. (CapGemini 2014) €32 Billion: Estimated direct impact of Open Data in 2010 on the EU27, annual growth rate of 7%. (Vickery 2011) €140 billion: Estimated aggregate direct and indirect impact across EU27 (Vickery 2011) $3 trillion: Estimated annual economic potential across seven domains. (McKinsey 2013)

8 Open Government Data in Europe and Beyond 8 Copyright 2014 FUJITSU LABORATORIES LTD.

9 Reusing Public Sector Information: The PSI Directive 2013/37/EU Introduces a right to reuse Covers also libraries, museums and archives Invites Member states to make more documents available in machine-readable and open formats Protects personal data

10 ~390 Open Data Portals 10

11 Irish Data Catalogues TitleURL AIRO Datastorehttp://www.airo.ie/airo-datastore Data.cso.iehttp://data.cso.ie Databank of the D/Fhttp://databank.finance.gov.ie/ Databank of the D/PERhttp://databank.per.gov.ie/ Dublinked Open Data Portalhttp://www.dublinked.ie/ EPA GeoPortalhttp://gis.epa.ie EPA Secure Archive For Environmental Research Data (SAFER) Fingal Open Data Portalhttp://data.fingal.ie/ GeoPortal.ie https://www.geoportal.ie/ Interactive Web Data Delivery Systemhttps://jetstream.gsi.ie/iwdds/index.html Irish Social Science Data Archive (ISSDA)http://www.ucd.ie/issda/data/ Irish Spatial Data Exchangehttp://catalogue.isde.ie/ Marine Data Onlinehttp://data.marine.ie/ Open Data Ireland Community Portalhttp://data.opendata.ie/ StatCentralhttp://statcentral.ie/ The Health Wellhttp://www.thehealthwell.info/ 11

12

13 Problems: Not enough data No standardised approach Low-quality data Not associated with an open license In many cases not machine-readable Duplication of work No central guidance 13

14 Open Data In Ireland 14

15 Summary of Reports

16 Insight Open Data Ireland Support Project  Best Practice Handbook  Data Audit Report  Open Data Platform (alpha)  Evaluation Framework  Open Data Publication Handbook  Roadmap 16

17 Methodology Literature review Desktop research Interviews with representatives from Irish public bodies Focus-group with representatives from the start-up community Attendance of tech meet-ups Invitation for feedback from wider Open Data community 17

18 Open Data Ireland Objectives (Roadmap) Short-term Objectives (1 year) Release high-quality Open Data that is timely, comprehensive, and accurate. Develop links with civil society organisations, the business community and citizens. … Medium-term Objectives (2 years) Work to increase Open Data literacy. Develop a cross-sector data infrastructure ensuring data interoperability. … Long-term Objectives (3 years) Establish an expectation that all government data be published openly by default. … 18

19 Open Data Best Practice Handbook  Looked at International Best Practice  Looked at Current Irish Practice  Made Recommendations 19

20 Open Data Ecosystem Elements 20

21  Open Data Board (governance, support, oversight, advisory, evangelism)  Steering & Implementation Group (steering, implementation, awareness & capacity building, evaluation)  Open Data Officer/Team (DPER) (portal, administrative, funding)  Open Data Roadmap 21 Governance

22 Open Data = Open License The Open License: o Should allow derivatives o Should allow commercial use o May require attribution o May require share-alike Creative Commons 22 Licensing

23  The rights of the individual to privacy must be protected  Usage of personal data, even aggregated usage, should be transparent to the individual  For the publication of aggregated, statistical data, use standardised statistical methods  Do not use data privacy as an excuse not to publish Open Data if there are no data privacy concerns. 23 Data Privacy

24  What data does your PSB manage?  Is there any justification not to publish data as Open Data? (Open by Default) 24 Data Audit

25 Data Audit Report G8 Open Data Charter Category Companies Crime and Justice Earth Observation Education Energy and Environment Finance and contracts Geospatial Global Development Government Accountability and Democracy Health Science and Research Social Mobility and Welfare Statistics Transport and Infrastructure Web crawl of public sector websites XLS,CSV, XML, KML, RDF, SHP, etc. Keywords Review of relevant existing data catalogues Searches for specific high- value datasets 25

26 High-value information is information that can be:  used to increase agency accountability and responsiveness;  improve public knowledge of the agency and its operations;  further the core mission of the agency;  create economic opportunity; or  respond to need and demand as identified through public consultation (U.S. Office of Management and Budget, 2009) 26 Dataset Selection

27 Key Datasets National map data Postcode data Company data Demographic data Public expenditure data Transport data Road network data Energy and environment data Election data 27

28 Sale of UK Postcode Address File: “This takes an immediate but narrow view of the value of such datasets. PAF should have been retained as a public data set, as a national asset. The sale of the PAF with the Royal mail was a mistake. Public access to public sector data must never be sold or given away again” (The Public Administration Select Committee (PASC), 2014) Danish address data, available free from 2002: Cost EUR 2 million Direct financial benefits for EUR 62 million Worth investigation into total/partial release of Irish address, postcode and map data as Open Data 28 Address & Map Data

29 Data formats Metadata Data standards Unique Identifiers 29 High Quality Data

30 Data Formats 30

31 Bulk data APIs 31 Data Access

32 Data catalogues data.gov.ie 32 Data Discovery

33 33 Supporting Public Bodies

34 Recommendations for PSBs Follow best-practices for publishing Open Data, as set out in Handbook Designate a person/team who is responsible for Open Data Create an Open Data strategy for your public body, including high-value datasets, goals and a timeframe. When publishing a high-value dataset as Open Data, assess the complete data lifecycle (e.g. collection, recording, storage, publication, archiving) in terms of potential data sharing, not only data usage for a particular purpose. Participate in Open Data training sessions. Ensure the public body is represented on Open Data governance boards. Communicate suggestions or challenges to Open Data governance boards. 34

35 Open Data Publication Handbook Step-by-Step Guide to Open Data Publishing (for public bodies) 1.Carry out a Data Audit 2.Select what Data to Publish 3.Ensure Data Protection Laws are Adhered to 4.Associate Data with an Open License 5.Publish Data as 3- to 5-star Open Data 6.Associate Data with Standardised Metadata 7.Use Data Standards 8.Use Unique Identifiers 9.Provide Access to the Data 10.Publish Data on the National Open Data Portal, data.gov.ie 35

36 36

37 Demand-driven release of data Feedback on data published Hold consultations Use social media Hold hackathons / Innovation-days Engage with existing groups Run competitions Run tutorials Evangelism Internal promotion Use traditional media 37 Engaging Data Users

38 Community Forming 38

39 39 Encouraging Economic Reuse Geospatial Information industry in Ireland generated sales or output valued at €117.5 million in 2012, Ordnance Survey of Ireland. (2014). Assessment of the Economic Value of the Geospatial Information Industry in Ireland (p. 86). Open Data Compass

40 40 Evaluation Implement ation Impact Readiness

41 Open Data Platform (alpha) 41

42 Roadmap 42 Objectives Short-term (1 yr) Medium-term (2 yrs) Long-term (3 yrs) Recommendations Based on Open Data Ecosystem Elements Actions Timeframe (start/end) Responsible Party

43 Open Data Ireland Next Steps 1.Determine Open Data Officer/Team 2.Create ODB and SIG 3.Public consultation on Roadmap 4.Improve data.gov.ie continuously & iteratively 5.Publish more high-value and high-quality datasets. 6.Engage with stakeholders from general public, business, civil society, public-sector and academia. 7.Widen the Open Data community 8.Evaluate progress and impact 43

44 Richard Cyganiak Presentation of the Portal and Portal Next Steps

45 data.gov.ie: What’s listed? statistical datasets from the StatCentral catalog o Focus on official statistics o Includes datasets published by 30 different organisations o Curated by CSO geospatial datasets from the ISDE catalog o Focus on geospatial data, built in the context of Inspire o Includes datasets published by five different organisations o Curated by Marine Institute 3.34 additional datasets o Focus on G8 high-value sectors and other prominent datasets 45

46 data.gov.ie: What’s not listed? Datasets that are not on the Web already Datasets that are not machine-readable Datasets that need to be licensed for a fee Organisations other than central government and state bodies o Local government o State-owned companies o Academic and cultural organisations With some exceptions! 46

47 Open Data Ireland Next Steps 1.Determine Open Data Officer/Team 2.Create ODB and SIG 3.Public consultation on Roadmap 4.Improve data.gov.ie continuously & iteratively 5.Publish more high-value and high-quality datasets. 6.Engage with stakeholders from general public, business, civil society, public-sector and academia. 7.Widen the Open Data community 8.Evaluate progress and impact 47


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