Presentation on theme: "SCHOOL REFERRAL REDUCTION PROGRAM: Reducing Racial Disparities and the Criminalization of Low Risk Youth Center for Children’s Law & Policy Third Annual."— Presentation transcript:
SCHOOL REFERRAL REDUCTION PROGRAM: Reducing Racial Disparities and the Criminalization of Low Risk Youth Center for Children’s Law & Policy Third Annual Meeting/DMC Action Network Washington DC May 15, 2009
EFFECTS OF POLICE PRESENCE WITHOUT PROTOCOL Administrators abandon disciplinarian role Police become disciplinarians Police are taken away from collecting intelligence about serious crimes about to occur Increase in court dockets Widen the net for detention Increase in probation caseloads Criminalize kids for typical juvenile behavior Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC)
MISDEMEANORS VS. FELONIES: Before School Reduction Referral Protocol POLICE ON CAMPUS
STEP ONE The Role of the Judge: Bringing the Stakeholders Together
FIRST LAW OF MOTION Objects keep on doing what they are doing unless acted upon by an unbalanced force
JUDICIARY: FORCE FOR CHANGE JUDICIARY SOCIAL SERVICES SCHOOL SYSTEM MENTAL HEALTH DEPT. JUV. JUSTICE LAW ENFORCEMENT PROSECUTORS
GETTING THE STAKEHOLDERS TOGETHER Meet individually with School Superintendents and Chiefs of Police; Discuss the problem; Provide a one page outline of protocol objectives; Tell them that unilateral judicial edicts deprive community of their respective expertise in achieving favorable outcomes You need their HELP!
OBJECTIVES OF PROTOCOL Reduce misdemeanor school referrals to the juvenile court; Reduce probation caseloads that will increase supervision of high risk youth (the kids we are scared of); Give police more time to build rapport with students to gather intelligence on crimes about to occur; Overall, increase safety in the school and the community.
PROTOCOL EFFECT ON SCHOOL SAFETY INCREASES POLICE PRESENCE INCREASES INTELLIGENCE DECREASES WEAPON CASES INCREASES SCHOOL SAFETY DECREASE MINOR SCHOOL REFERRALS STEP ONESTEP TWO STEP THREE STEP FOUR STEP FIVE
PROTOCOL EFFECT ON COMMUNITY SAFETY DECREASE MISDEMEANOR SCHOOL REFERRALS INCREASE COMMUNITY SAFETY REDUCE RECIDIVISM INCREASE SURVEILLANCE OF HIGH RISK KIDS DECREASE PROBATION CASELOADS STEP ONESTEP TWO STEP THREE STEP FOUR STEP FIVE
STEP THREE Identify a Neutral Moderator to Limit the Role of the Judge
THE FIRST STAKEHOLDERS MEETING Judge makes introductions; Judge explains objective (to reduce referrals to the juvenile court); Judge role is limited to bringing the stakeholders together; Judge has no veto power except if what is proposed is illegal; Judge is equal participant with stakeholders; Judge introduces moderator who establishes ground rules and meeting times and places; Appoint a scribe; Judge or court administrator may present a draft proposal to get discussion going (optional).
SCHOOL OFFENSE PROTOCOL AGREEMENT Focused Acts: Affray, DPS, DC, Obstruction First Offense/Warning Second Offense/Referral to Workshop Third Offense/Complaint Filed School Offense Agreement Signed by all Police Chiefs, School Superintendent, Juvenile Judges, DFCS Director, and other partners on July 8, 2004
STEP FIVE Collect Data & Conduct Periodic Reviews
QUALITY CONTROL: BRINGING INTEGRITY TO THE PROCESS Collect data; Measure the data; Is the protocol meeting the objectives; If not, what changes are required?; Publish results to stakeholders;