Presentation on theme: "Key Indicators of the Labour Market Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 K I L M K I L M."— Presentation transcript:
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Key Indicators of the Labour Market K I L M K I L M
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Globalization and Technological Advances As we enter a new millennium, it is increasingly clear that we are affected as much by global events and developments as by what occurs within our own communities.
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Globalization and rapid technological advances are giving rise to increasing labour mobility and expanding business and employment opportunities. As a result, individuals are becoming more and more uncertain about their employment situations. Thus, globalization is particularly relevant to the world of work.
Key Indicators of the Labour Market What is the KILM?
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Timely and focused information on the world’s labour markets is essential. We need information that can help to answer such questions as: What types of economic activities are people engaged in? What is the size and composition of the labour force? How many hours do people work and how much do they earn for this work? How many people are without work and looking for work? What types of inequalities exist, for example in terms of earnings and employment situation? Are earnings keeping pace with the cost of living? How are youth and women faring in the labour market?
Key Indicators of the Labour Market At the national level statistical information on labour markets are generally developed and analysed by statistical services and labour ministries. At the global level, the International Labour Office (ILO) plays a vital role in assembling, analysing and disseminating such information to the world community through projects such as the Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM).
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Develop a set of labour market indicators In 1996, the Employment Policies Committee of the International Labour Conference, recognizing the need of governments and the social partners for timely and accurate information on labour market developments, requested that the ILO: Widen the availability of labour market indicators in order to monitor employment trends The 1999 KILM was the first product developed to meet these objectives.
Key Indicators of the Labour Market What does the KILM contain?
Key Indicators of the Labour Market The selection of the indicators was a collaborative effort among the ILO, OECD and national offices. The indicator is conceptually relevant. Data are available for the indicator. The indicator is comparable across countries and regions. Criteria for selection of the indicators:
Key Indicators of the Labour Market When developing indicators, one must strike a balance between: Maximize scope of coverage, i.e., provide the greatest number of data points for the greatest number of countries Harmonize the indicators across countries and time (same type of sources, sampling procedures, methodologies and definitions) Coverage Comparability
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Informal sector employment Hours of work Part-time workers Employment by sector Status in employment Employment-to-population ratio Labour force participation rate Key Indicators of the Labour Market Educational attainment and illiteracy Inactivity rate Time-related underemployment Unemployment by educational attainment Long-term unemployment Youth unemployment Unemployment Poverty and income distribution Labour market flows Productivity and unit labour cost Hourly compensation costs Occupational wages and earnings indices Manufacturing wage indices
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Data Providers Initial efforts in developing the KILM concentrated on harvesting information directly from international data repositories. In other words, the KILM Team did not focus on contacting national sources, but rather the team took advantage of existing compilations of data held by various international organizations.
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Information Repositories
Key Indicators of the Labour Market Developed (industrialized) countries Transition economies Asia and the Pacific Latin America and the Caribbean Sub-Saharan Africa Middle East and North Africa KILM Publication Groupings
Key Indicators of the Labour Market KILM Products Publication Web Site CD-ROM Research Articles KILMnet New