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Burkhard Heisen for CAS December 2014 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Design Concepts The star marks concepts, which are not yet implemented.

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Presentation on theme: "Burkhard Heisen for CAS December 2014 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Design Concepts The star marks concepts, which are not yet implemented."— Presentation transcript:

1 Burkhard Heisen for CAS December 2014 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Design Concepts The star marks concepts, which are not yet implemented in the current release

2 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Functional requirements 2 DAQ data readout online processing quality monitoring (vetoing) SC processing pipelines distributed and GPU computing specific algorithms (e.g. reconstruction) Control drive hardware and complex experiments monitor variables & trigger alarms DM storage of experiment & control data data access, authentication authorization etc. setup computation & show scientific results allow some control & show hardware status show online data whilst running A typical use case: Accelerator Undulator Beam Transport Sample Injector DM SC Control DAQ Tight integration of applications

3 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Functionality: What are we dealing with? 1. Data containers (transport and storage through serialization) 2. Data transport (communication patterns) 3. Devices (distributed end points) 4. States and state machines (when can what be called/assigned on the devices) 5. Log Messages (active, passive, central, local) 6. (Slow) Control-Data Logging 7. (Fast) Data acquisition 8. Time synchronization/tagging (time stamps, cycle ids, etc.) 9. Real-time needs (where necessary) 10. Notifications and Alarms 11. Security (who’s allowed to do what from where?) 12. Statistics (control system itself, operation, …) 13. Processing workflows (parallelism, pipeline execution, provenance) 14. Clients / User interfaces (API, languages, macro writing, CLI, GUI) 15. Experiment, Run and Configuration management 16. Software management (coding, building, packaging, deployment, versioning, …) 3

4 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Data containers 4 Some special data containers are provided by Karabo and are exposed in the API  Hash  String-key, any-value associative container  Keeps insertion order (iteration possible), hash performance for random lookup  Provide (string-key, any-value) attributes per hash-key  Fully recursive structure (i.e. Hashes of Hashes)  Serialization: XML, Binary, HDF5  Usage: configuration, device-state cache, DB-interface, message protocol, etc.  Schema  Describes possible/allowed structures for the Hash. In analogy: Schema would be for Hash, what an XSD document is for an XML file  Internally uses Hash  RawImageData  Specialized class for transporting image-like data  Easily convertible to numpy in Python and to CpuImage in C++  Optimized serialization into HDF5  Internally uses Hash

5 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework STATUS: Data containers 5 Recent changes  None Future work  Improve Hash serialization implementation with respect to the XML format to allow for slashes “/” in hash-keys  Find a proper data object (eventually plus some description) to exchange data with the DAQ layer Open issues  Understand the conceptual difference between using standardized objects vs. generic container + description throughout the system (see also DAQ section)

6 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Data transport – Message broker based Basic communication between objects is established via a central message broker using a publish-subscribe pattern (topic based)  Each communicating object is an instance of the SignalSlotable class which connects to a configurable broker (host/port/topic)  The SignalSlotable API allows to register regular functions of any signature (currently up to 4 arguments) to be remotely callable (such a function is called: Slot)  Slots can be uniquely addressed by a pair of strings, the instanceId (string name of the SignalSlotable object) and the functionName (string name of the function)  Slot registration can be done during construction or later at runtime without extra tools  Slot calls can be done cross-network, cross-operating-system and cross- language (currently C++ and Python)  The language’s native data types are directly supported as arguments  Additionally supported arguments are Karabo’s data objects (e.g. Hash and Schema)  Data packets are on the fly compressed/decompressed if reaching some size threshold 6 New

7 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Data transport Broker based communication API – Four Patterns ① Signals & Slots  SLOT ( function, [argTypes] )  SIGNAL ( funcName, [argTypes] )  connect ( signalInstanceId, signalFunc, slotInstanceName, slotFunc )  emit ( signalFunc, [args] ) 7 SLOT(onFoo, int, std::string); void onFoo(const int i, std::string& s) { } SIGNAL(“foo”, int, std::string); connect(“Device1”, “foo”, “Device2”, “onFoo”); connect(“”, “foo”, “Device3”, “onGoo”); connect(“”, “foo”, “Device4”, “onHoo”); emit(“foo”, 42, “bar”); Device1 Device2 Device3 Device4 Emit Notify SLOT(onGoo, int, std::string); void onGoo(const int i) { } SLOT(onHoo, int, std::string); void onHoo(const int i, std::string& s) { }

8 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Data transport Broker based communication API – Four Patterns ② Direct Call  call ( instanceId, funcName, [args] ) 8 Device2 Call Notify Device1 SLOT(onFoo, std::string); void onFoo(const std::string& s) { } call(“Device2”, “onFoo”, “bar”); ③ Request / Reply  request ( instanceId, funcName, [reqArgs] ).timeout( msec ).receive( [repArgs] ) Device2 Device1 SLOT(onFoo, int); void onFoo(const int i) { reply( i + i ); } int number; request(“Device2”, “onFoo”, 21).timeout(100).receive(number); Request Notify Reply

9 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Data transport Broker based communication API – Four Patterns 9 ④ Asynchronous Request / Reply  requestNoWait ( req_instanceId, req_funcName, rec_instanceId, rec_funcName, [reqArgs] ) Device2 Device1 SLOT(onFoo, int); void onFoo(const int i) { reply( i + i ); } requestNoWait(“Device2”, “onFoo”, “”, “onBar”, 21); Request Notify Reply SLOT(onBar, int); onBar(const int i) { … } New

10 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework STATUS: Broker communication 10 Recent changes  Fundamental change of how messages are consumed  Before: Each Slot presented an own consumer on the broker, forcing the broker to route (using “Selectors”) messages by selecting on instanceId and functionName. Larger installation caused huge number of consumer clients on the broker and needed a thread per Slot on the device  Now: Each object is a consumer on the broker, routing is done only utilizing the instanceId only. Slot selection is done on the client side. Using an own queuing system on the SignalSlotable the number of threads used per instance is decoupled from the number of slots (can be single threaded context)  Heartbeats get first priority (using own topic and by placing on front of queue) Future work  Performance and scalability tests  Check whether trouble with heartbeats is finally solved Open issues

11 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Data transport – P2P 11 Another fundamental communication pattern between objects is realized by connecting so-called input and output channels to form a direct point-to-point connection (shortcutting the broker)  Unlike slots (which are functions) input and output channels are named objects with a read/write/update API  The SignalSlotable API allows to create one or more such channels per SignalSlotable instance  Technically output channels are (multi-client capable) TCP servers, input channels are clients  The connection between them is established by referring to instanceId and channelName instead of host and port.  Host and port are transparently communicated during connection time using the broker based communication  Channels are highly configurable and are intended to serve the need of flexible streaming data pipeline setups

12 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Data transport P2P communication One channel is specific for one data object (e.g. Hash, Image, Byte-Array) For input and output channels within the same application data exchange will happen by handing over pointers in memory instead of transmitting via TCP Users can register two function call-backs indicating availability of data (e.g. onData) and (optionally) the end of the data stream (e.g. onEndOfStream) on the input channel Input channels configure whether they share the sent data with all input channels connected to the same output or whether they receive a copy of each data token Output channels may specify a special hostname (in case of multiple adapters) to which the clients are routed to 12 […] P2P Data Message Broker P2P control New

13 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework STATUS: P2P communication 13 Recent changes  Added possibility to select the interface on which to communicate Future work  More performance and scalability tests  Whilst reading is already asynchronous to the users-code execution (IO during processing), for writing this is currently not true (was implemented but removed for instability issues)  Asynchronous must again be implemented for performance improvement Open issues  Think carefully whether this communication could also be used (performance issue) for transporting fast DAQ data from Device to DAQ-Layer

14 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Devices (distributed end points) 14 The distributed end points follow the “Device Server Model”  Similar to: TANGO or DOOCS  End points are controllable objects managed by a device server  Instance of such an object is a Device, with a hierarchical name  Device classes can be loaded at runtime (plugins)  Devices inherit SignalSlotable and wrap the communication API into a simpler subset  Actions pertaining to a device given by its properties, commands, and channels  i.e. get, set, monitor some property or execute some command  write/read some data to/from a channel and update when done  Properties, commands and channels are statically described (expectedParameters function) and further described via attributes in the device class. This description is saved in form of a Schema. Dynamic (runtime) extension (Schema injection) of expectedParameters is possible.  Devices can be written in either C++ or Python

15 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Devices Configuration - API 15 Class: MotorDevice static expectedParameters( Schema& s ) { FLOAT_ELEMENT(s).key(“velocity”).description(“Velocity of the motor”).assignmentOptional().defaultValue(0.3).maxInc(10).minInc(0.01).reconfigurable().allowedStates(“Idle”).commit(); INT32_ELEMENT(s).key(“currentPosition”).description = “Current position of the motor”.readOnly().warnLow(10) […] SLOT_ELEMENT(s).key(“move”).description = “Will move motor to target position”.allowedStates(“Idle”) […] } // Constructor with initial configuration MotorDevice( const Hash& config ) { […] } // Called at each (re-)configuration request onReconfigure( const Hash& config ) { […] } Any Device uses a standardized API to describe itself. This information is shipped as Schema object and used by interested clients (GUI, CLI other devices) No need for device developers to validate any parameters. This is internally done taking the expectedParameters as white-list We distinguish between properties and commands and associated attributes, all of them can be expressed within the expected parameters function Properties and commands can be nested, such that hierarchical groupings are possible Attribute Property Command

16 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Devices Creating a new device 16 plugins 1. Write a class (say: MyDevice) that derives from Device 2. Compile it into a shared library (say libMyDevice.so) 3. Select a running Device-Server or start a new one 4. Copy the libMyDevice.so to the plugins folder of the Device-Server 5. The Device-Server will emit a signal to the broker that a new Device class is available, it ships the expected parameters as read from static context of the MyDevice class GUI libMy Device.so signalNewDeviceClassAvailable (.xsd) GUI-Srv

17 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Devices Creating a new device 17 plugins GUI GUI-Srv MyDevice 1 factory: create(“MyDevice”, xml) 6. Given the mask of possible parameters the user may fill a valid configuration and emit an instantiate signal to the broker 7. The configuration will be validated by the Device factory and if valid, an instance of MyDevice will be created 8. The constructor of the device class will be called and provided with the configuration 9. The run method will be called which starts the state-machine and finally blocks by activating the event-loop 10. The device will asynchronously listen to allowed events (slots) signalInstantiate(“MyDevice”, xml)

18 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Device “flavors” Equipment Control DAQ Equipment with Data Composite Device DAQ Equipment without Data Workflow Node PCLayer Node Service Device e.g. motor, pump, valve, sensor e.g. commercial camera e.g. digitizer, beam position monitor, 2D-detectors e.g. calibrationManager, projectManager, brokerMonitor

19 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Devices Devices taking part in distributed system 19 HV Pump Simulate Store Cali- brate1 Cali- brate2 Load Digitizer Logger Disk Storage GUI Server GUI(s) Terminal(s) Camera Device-Server Application Message Broker (Event Loop) Device Instance

20 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework STATUS: Devices 20 Recent changes Future work  Best practices and all concepts for hierarchical device structures must be defined  The composed-in DeviceClient API needs more functionality to make composition easier Open issues

21 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework States and state machines 21 OK Initialization Stopped Started none start errorFound reset stop Start Stop State Machine Error Any property setting or command execution on a Device can be restricted to a set of allowed states (using the allowedStates attribute) The state of a device can be changed by simply setting the state property (string) to the desired value The GUI is state and allowed states aware and enables/disables buttons and properties pro-actively Devices may optionally implement a finite state machine (FSM) following the UML standard  In this case an incoming slot call is not directly implemented but triggers and event into the state machine  User defined hooks are executed as consequence of a start-to-finish event processing algorithm.  Possible hooks are: guard, src-state-on-exit, transition- action, tgt-state-on-entry, on-state-action New

22 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: States and state machines Finite state machines – There is a UML standard 22 State Machine: the life cycle of a thing. It is made of states, transitions and processes incoming events. State: a stage in the life cycle of a state machine. A state (like a submachine) can have an entry and exit behaviors Event: an incident provoking (or not) a reaction of the state machine Transition: a specification of how a state machine reacts to an event. It specifies a source state, the event triggering the transition, the target state (which will become the newly active state if the transition is triggered), guard and actions Action: an operation executed during the triggering of the transition Guard: a boolean operation being able to prevent the triggering of a transition which would otherwise fire Transition Table: representation of a state machine. A state machine diagram is a graphical, but incomplete representation of the same model. A transition table, on the other hand, is a complete representation

23 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: States FSM implementation example in C++ (header only) 23 // AllOkState Machine FSM_TABLE_BEGIN(AllOkStateTransitionTable) // SrcState Event TgtState Action Guard Row, Row FSM_TABLE_END FSM_STATE_MACHINE(AllOkState, AllOkStateTransitionTable, StoppedState, Self) // Events FSM_EVENT2(ErrorFoundEvent, onException, string, string) FSM_EVENT0(EndErrorEvent, endErrorEvent) FSM_EVENT0(StartEvent, slotMoveStartEvent) FSM_EVENT0(StopEvent, slotStopEvent) // States FSM_STATE_EE(ErrorState, errorStateOnEntry, errorStateOnExit) FSM_STATE_E(InitializationState, initializationStateOnEntry) FSM_STATE_EE(StartedState, startedStateOnEntry, startedStateOnExit) FSM_STATE_EE(StoppedState, stoppedStateOnEntry, stoppedStateOnExit) // Transition Actions FSM_ACTION0(StartAction, startAction) FSM_ACTION0(StopAction, stopAction) // StartStop Machine FSM_TABLE_BEGIN(StartStopTransitionTable) Row, Row FSM_TABLE_END KARABO_FSM_STATE_MACHINE(StartStopMachine, StartStopMachineTransitionTable, InitializationState, Self) FSM_CREATE_MACHINE(StartStopMachine, m_fsm); FSM_SET_CONTEXT_TOP(this, m_fsm) FSM_SET_CONTEXT_SUB(this, m_fsm, AllOkState) FSM_START_MACHINE(m_fsm) Transition table element Regular callable function (triggers event) Transition table element Regular function hook (will be call-backed)

24 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: States FSM implementation example in Python 24 # AllOkState Machine allOkStt = [ # SrcState Event TgtState Action Guard (‘StartedState’, ‘StartEvent’, ‘StoppedState’, ‘StartAction’, ‘none’), (‘StoppedState’, ‘StopEvent’, ‘StartedState’, ‘StopAction’, ‘none’) ] FSM_STATE_MACHINE(‘AllOkState’, allOkStt, ‘InitializationState’) # Events FSM_EVENT2(self, ‘ErrorFoundEvent’, ‘onException’) FSM_EVENT0(self, ‘EndErrorEvent’, ‘slotEndError’) FSM_EVENT0(self, ‘StartEvent’, ‘slotStart’) FSM_EVENT0(self, ‘StopEvent’, ‘slotStop’) # States FSM_STATE_EE(‘ErrorState’, self.errorStateOnEntry, self.errorStateOnExit ) FSM_STATE_E( ‘InitializationState’, self.initializationStateOnEntry ) FSM_STATE_EE(‘StartedState’, self.startedStateOnEntry, self.startedStateOnExit) FSM_STATE_EE(‘StoppedState’, self.stoppedStateOnEntry, self.stoppedStateOnExit) # Transition Actions FSM_ACTION0(‘StartAction’, self.startAction) FSM_ACTION0(‘StopAction’, self.stopAction) # Top Machine topStt = [ (‘InitializationState’, ‘none’, ‘AllOkState’, ‘none’, ‘none’), (‘AllOkState’, ‘ErrorFoundEvent’, ‘ErrorState’, ‘none’, ‘none’), (‘ErrorState’, ‘EndErrorEvent’, ‘AllOkState’, ‘none’, ‘none’) ] FSM_STATE_MACHINE(‘StartStopDeviceMachine’, topStt, ‘AllOkState’) self.fsm = FSM_CREATE_MACHINE(‘StartStopMachine’) self.startStateMachine()

25 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework STATUS: States 25 Recent changes  A hook for performing some (periodic) action whilst being in a state was added to the FSM  A clean way of implementing devices without FSM is available (and is now recommended) Future work  In case of no FSM: Device-side validation of command executions and property settings against allowed states attribute Open issues

26 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Data logger All property changes of all devices are archived centrally and in an event- driven way  The archive can be used to debug the system at a later point  The data logger allows fast retrieval of two kinds of information:  Values of a property in a selected time range (feeding e.g. trend line plots in GUI)  The full configuration of a device at a given time point  By default all devices and all their properties are logged. However, entire devices or individual properties of those may be flagged to be excluded from logging  Logging is done in a per-device fashion and for any device currently 3 append able text files are generated:  *_configuration.txt: Stores all changes of the device properties  *_schema.txt: Stores all changes of the device schema  *_index.txt: Index file for speeding up queries Changed

27 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Data logger Any regular device has a DataLogger_ companion A DataLoggerManager composite device couples the life-time of the two companions DataLogger DeviceA DataLogger Manager DataLogger DeviceB DeviceADeviceB

28 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework STATUS: Data Logger 28 Recent changes  A hook for performing some (periodic) action whilst being in a state was added to the FSM  A clean way of implementing devices without FSM is available (and is now recommended) Future work  Further scaling will be done by running DataLoggers on several hosts (connected to a shared file system) as configured via the DataLoggerManager  A second device will be implemented that reads the generated files and asynchronously populates a RDBMS Open issues  Is the data we log complete? Should not command executions also be part of the logged data?

29 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Data acquisition 29 via broker direct TCP channels Data aggregation, integration & dissemination Multiple aggregator instances to handle all slow & fast data Borrowed from Djelloul Boukhelef

30 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Concept thoughts: DAQ integration 30 via broker direct TCP channels Data aggregation, integration & dissemination Multiple aggregator instances to handle all slow & fast data Borrowed from Djelloul Boukhelef DAQ Equipment with Data DAQ Equipment without Data Equipment Control PCLayer Node Aggregator Workflow Node

31 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework STATUS: Data Acquisition integration 31 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Future work  Think about the best way how to transport the data (which is send by Karabo devices) to the DAQ layer Open questions  Requirements for sending data from Karabo devices to DAQ layer instead of sending data between devices for workflow purposes are different  No “smartness” needed (like load balancing, multi-cast, etc.)  Writing to file can be done more generic, than further processing (what format is the best)  Can we and should we try to use the same API and implementation for scientific workflows and DAQ sinking?

32 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Real time needs (where necessary) 32 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Karabo itself does not provide real time processes/communications  Real time processes (if needed) must be defined and executed in layers below Karabo. Karabo devices will only start/stop/monitor real time processes  An example for a real-time system are the Ethercat based solutions from the company Beckhoff which we can interface to  Interlock/Supervisory code can be implemented at either PLC (realtime) and Karabo Beck Com Motor1Motor2 Pump1 PLC- CPU Motor1Motor2Pump1 TCP (own protocoll) Gather/Scatter Ethercat

33 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Time synchronization (time stamps, cycle ids, etc.) 33 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Concept: Any changed property will carry timing information as attribute(s)  Time information is assigned per property  Karabo’s timestamp consists of the following information:  Seconds since unix epoch, uint64  Fractional seconds (up to atto-second resolution), uint64  Train ID, uint64  Time information is assigned as early as possible (best: already on hardware) but latest in the software device  On event-driven update, the device ships the property key, the property value and associated time information as property attribute(s)  Real-time synchronization is not subject to Karabo  Correlation between control system (monitor) data and instrument data will be done using the archived central DB information (or information previously exported into HDF5 files)

34 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Time synchronization Distributed Train ID clock 34 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Concept: A dedicated machine with a time receiver board (h/w) distributes clocks on the Karabo level  Scenario 1: No time information from h/w  Example: commercial cameras  Timestamp is associated to the event-driven data in the Karabo device  If clock signal is too late, the next trainId is calculated (extrapolated) given the previous one and the interval between trainId's The interval is configurable on the Clock device and must be stable within a run. Error is flagged if clock tick is lost.  Scenario 2: Time information is already provided by h/w  The timestamp can be taken from the h/w or the device (configurable). The rest is the same as in scenario 1. Clock Device Time receiver board signals: 1. trainId 2. epochTime 3. interval creates timestamp and associates to trainId

35 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Central services - Name resolution/access 35 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) The only central service technically needed is the broker, others are optional  Start-up issues  Any object connecting to the same broker (host/port/topic) must have a unique ID (string)  All communication objects will finally derive the SignalSlotable class which can be instantiated with a given ID (configured) or generates one if no ID is provided  If no instance ID is provided the ID is auto-generated locally  Servers: hostname_Server_pid  Devices: hostname-pid_classId_counter  Any instance ID is validated (by request-response trial) prior startup to be unique in the distributed system

36 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Access levels We will initially have five access levels (enums) with intrinsic ordering  ADMIN = 4  EXPERT = 3  OPERATOR = 2  USER = 1  OBSERVER = 0 Any Device can restrict access globally or on a per-parameter basis  Global restriction is enforced through the “visibility” property (base class)  Only if the requestor is of same or higher access level he can see/use the device  The “visibility” property is part of the topology info (seen immediately by clients)  Parameter restriction is enforced through the “requiredAccessLevel” schema-attribute  Parameter restriction typically is set programmatically but may be re-configured at initialization time (or even runtime?)  The “visibility” property might be re-configured if the requestors access level is higher than the associated “requiredAccessLevel” (should typically be ADMIN)  The default access level for settable properties and commands is USER  The default access level for read-only properties is OBSERVER  The default value for the visibility is OBSERVER 36 Burkhard Heisen (WP76)

37 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Access levels A role is defined in the DB and consists of a default access level and a device- instance specific access list (overwriting the default level) which can be empty.  SPB_Operator  defaultAccessLevel => USER  accessList  SPB_* => OPERATOR  Undulator_GapMover_0 => OPERATOR  Global_Observer  defaultAccessLevel => OBSERVER  Global_Expert  defaultAccessLevel = EXPERT After authentication the DB computes the user specific access levels considering current time, current location and associated role. It then ships a default access and an access level list back to the user.  If the authentication service (or DB) is not available, Karabo falls back to a compiled default access level (in-house: OBSERVER, shipped-versions: ADMIN) For a ADMIN user it might be possible to temporarily (per session) change the access list of another user. 37 Burkhard Heisen (WP76)

38 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Security 38 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Header […] __uid=42 __accessLevel=“admin” Body […] Broker-Message Device Locking: if is locked: if is __uid == owner then ok Access control: if __accessLevel >= visibility: if __accessLevel >= param.accessLevel then ok GUI-Srv Central DB 1. Authorizes 2. Computes context based access levels username password provider ownIP* brokerHost* brokerPort* brokerTopic* userId sessionToken defaultAccessLevel accessList GUI or CLI

39 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Statistics (control system itself, operation, …) 39 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Concept: Statistics will be collected by regular devices  OpenMQ implementation provides a wealth of statistics (e.g. messages in system, average flow, number of consumers/producers, broker memory used…)  Have a (broker-)statistic device that does system calls to retrieve information  Similar idea for other statistical data

40 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Logging (active, passive, central, local) 40 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Concept: Categorized into the following classes  Active Logging Additional code (inserted by the developer) accompanying the production/business code, which is intended to increase the verbosity of what is currently happening.  Code Tracing Macro based, no overhead if disabled, for low-level purposes  Code Logging Conceptual analog to Log4j, network appender, remote and at runtime priority (re-)configuration  Passive Logging Recording of activities in the distributed event-driven system. No extra coding is required from developers, passive logging transparently records system relevant events.  Broker-message logging Low-level debugging purpose, start/stop, not active during production  Transactional logging Archival of the full distributed state (see DataLogger)

41 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Project The project is an organizational structure for logically related devices  The project does not describe:  Which device-server should run on what host  Which plugin is loaded to what device-server  The project acts on top of existing (running) device-servers and loaded plugins  It describes initial configurations, runtime configurations, macros, scenes, monitors and resources for a set of logically connected devices  Example projects could be:  Detector_FXE  Laser_FXE  DAQ_FXE  Macros have an API to work with the project  Projects are associated to a user (can be a functional user)  The project itself is a set of files, it does not maintain a state (like “started” or “stopped”) 41

42 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Project 42 Centralized project storing via a Karabo service device “ProjectManager”  Implement in Python (code already exists in GUI code)  Analog to DataLoggerManager or CalibrationManager within Karabo Framework  Implement an output (loading project) and an input (saving project) channel  Allow multi-user (read) and single-user (write) access

43 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Detail: Project file organization The project is saved as a zipped folder named.krb  The folder contains a project.xml file with the following structure:   […]   And sub-folders containing files which are referenced by the above mentioned project.xml  Devices  Containing.xml files  Macros  Containing.py files  Scenes  Containing.svg files  Resources  Containing any files (images, specific configurations, notes, etc.)  etc. 43 Burkhard Heisen (WP76)

44 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework STATUS: Project 44 Recent changes  Logical grouping of devices of same class is possible  Groups allow multi-edit functionality (very useful for work-flow configurations) Future work  Central project handling must be implemented  The Monitors section must be implemented  Monitors are a user defined collection of properties that will be associated to a experimental run (or a control scan) Open questions  Current idea is to introduce another top hierarchy level -> a project group  Groups should be logical associations and only point/link to the physical projects  A project group could reflect all settings an experiment needs by aggregating all specialists projects (like laser, detector, daq, experiment) with the user project  Experiment configurations could be started by copying a (template) group and then modifying it by the individual experts until the specified setup is reached  Still not completely clear whether this approach will cover all needs for experiment control

45 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Processing workflows (parallelism, pipeline execution, provenance) 45 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Concept: Devices as modules of a scientific workflow system  Configurable generic input/output channels on devices  One channel is specific for one data structure (e.g. Hash, Image, File, etc.)  New data structures can be “registered” and are immediately usable  Input channel configuration: copy of connected output’s data or share the data with other input channels, minimum number of data needed  ComputeFsm as base class, developers just need to code the compute method  IO system is decoupled from processing system (process whilst transferring data)  Automatic (API transparent) data transfer optimization (pointer if local, TCP if remote)  Broker-based communication for workflow coordination and meta-data sharing  GUI integration to setup workflows graphically (drag-and-drop featured)  Workflows can be stored and shared (following the general rules of data privacy and security) executed, paused and stepped Parallel execution

46 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Processing workflows Parallelism and load-balancing by design 46 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) TCP Memory Devices within the same device-server:  Data will be transferred by handing over pointers to corresponding memory locations  Multiple instances connected to one output channel will run in parallel using CPU threads Devices in different device-servers:  Data will be transferred via TCP  Multiple instances connected to one output channel will perform distributed computing CPU-threads Distributed processing Output channel technically is TCP server, inputs are clients Data transfer model follows an event-driven poll architecture, leads to load-balancing and maximum per module performance even on heterogeneous h/w Configurable output channel behavior in case no input currently available: throw, queue, wait, drop

47 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Processing workflows GPU enabled processing 47 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Concept: GPU parallelization will happen within a compute execution  The data structures (e.g. image) are prepared for GPU parallelization  Karabo will detect whether a given hardware is capable for GPU computing at runtime, if not falls back to corresponding CPU algorithm  Differences in runtime are balanced by the workflow system IO whilst computing Pixel parallel processing (one GPU thread per pixel) Notification about new data possible to obtain GPU CPU

48 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Clients / User interfaces (API, languages, macro writing, CLI, GUI) 48 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Concept: Two UIs – graphical (GUI) and scriptable command line (CLI)  GUI  Have one multi-purpose GUI system satisfying all needs  See following slides for details  Non-GUI  We distinguish APIs for programmatically set up of control sequences (others call those Macros) versus and API which allows interactive, commandline-based control (IPython based)  The programmatic API exists for C++ and Python and features:  Querying of distributed system topology (hosts, device-servers, devices, their properties/commands, etc.): getServers, getDevices, getClasses  instantiate, kill, set, execute (in “wait” or “noWait” fashion), get, monitorProperty, monitorDevice  Both APIs are state and access-role aware, caching mechanisms provide proper Schema and synchronous (poll-feel API) although always event-driven in the back- end  The interactive API integrates auto-completion and improved interactive functionality suited to iPython

49 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework GUI: What do we have to deal with? Client-Server (network protocol, optimizations) User management (login/logout, load/save settings, access role support) Layout (panels, full screen, docking/undocking) Navigation (devices, configurations, data, …) Configuration (initialization vs. runtime, loading/saving, …) Customization (widget galleries, custom GUI builder, composition, …) Notification (about alarms, finished pipelines, …) Log Inspection (filtering, configuration of log-levels, …) Embedded scripting (iPython, macro recording/playing) Online documentation (embedded wiki, bug-tracing, …) 49 Kerstin Weger (WP76)

50 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Client-Server (network protocol, optimizations) 50 Master Central DB GUI-Srv Message Broker GUI-Client I only see device “A” onChange information only related to “A” Concept: One server, many clients, TCP  Server knows what each client user sees (on a device level) and optimizes traffic accordingly  Client-Server protocol is TCP, messages are header/body style using Hash serialization (default binary protocol)  Client side socket will be threaded to decouple from main-event loop  On client start server provides current distributed state utilizing the DB, later clients are updated through the broker  Image data is pre-processed on server-side and brought into QImage format before sending Kerstin Weger (WP76)

51 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework User management (login/logout, load/save settings, access role support) 51 Concept: User centralized, login mandatory  Login necessary to connect to system  Access role will be computed (context based)  User specific settings will be loaded from DB  View and control is adapted to access role  User or role specific configuration and wizards are available Central DB 1. Authorizes 2. Computes context based access role username password userId accessRole session Kerstin Weger (WP76)

52 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Layout (panels, full screen, docking/undocking) 52 Six dock-able and slide-able (optionally tabbed) main panels  Panels are organized by functionality  Navigation  Custom composition area (sub-GUI building)  Configuration (non-tabbed, changes view based on selection elsewhere)  Documentation (linked and updated with current configuration view)  Logging  Notifications  Project  Panels and their tabs can be undocked (windows then belongs to OS’s window manager) and made full-screen (distribution across several monitors possible)  GUI behaves natively under MacOSX, Linux and Windows Kerstin Weger (WP76)

53 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Graphical interface - Overview 53 Burkhard Heisen (CAS Group) drag & drop Live Navigation Custom Scene Configuration Project Log Messages Interactive Command Line Documentation Bug Reporting User centric and access-controlled setup (login at startup) Dock-able and resizable multi-panel, all-in-one user interface Live navigation showing all device-servers, plugins, and device instances Automatically generated configuration panel, allowing to read/write/execute Project panel for persisting configurations, macros, scenes, resources, etc. PowerPoint like, drag & droppable, tabbed custom scene Centralized logging information, notification handling, documentation, etc.

54 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Navigation (devices, configurations, data, …) 54 Concept: Navigate device-servers, devices, configurations, data(-files), etc.  Different views (tabs) on data  Hierarchical distributed system view  Device ownership centric (view compositions)  Hierarchical file view (e.g. HDF5)  Automatic (by access level) filtering of items  Auto select navigation item if context is selected somewhere else in GUI Kerstin Weger (WP76)

55 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Configuration (initialization vs. runtime, loading/saving, …) 55 Concept: Auto-generated default widgets for configuring classes and instances  Widgets are generated from device information (.xsd format)  2-column layout for class configuration (label, initialization-value)  3-column layout (label, value-on-device, edit-value) for instance configuration  Allows reading/writing properties (all data-types)  Allows executing commands (as buttons)  Is aware about device’s FSM, enables/disables widgets accordingly  Is aware about access level, enables/disables widgets accordingly  Single, selection and all apply capability Kerstin Weger (WP76)

56 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Customization (widget galleries, custom GUI builder, composition, …) 56 Concept: Combination of PowerPoint-like editor and online properties/commands with changeable widget types  Tabbed, static panel (does not change on navigation)  Two modes: Pre-configuration (classes) and runtime configuration (instances)  Visual composition of properties/commands of any devices  Visual composition of devices (workflow layouting)  Data-type aware widget factory for properties/commands (edit/display)  PowerPoint-like tools for drawing, arranging, grouping, selecting, zooming of text, shapes, pictures, etc.  Capability to save/load custom panels, open several simultaneously Kerstin Weger (WP76)

57 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Customization Property/Command composition 57 drag & drop Display widget (Trend-Line) Display widget Editable widget Kerstin Weger (WP76)

58 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Customization Property/Command composition 58 drag & drop Display widget (Image View) Display widget (Histogram) Kerstin Weger (WP76)

59 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Customization Device (workflow) composition 59 Kerstin Weger (WP76) drag & drop Whole devices can be dragged (from left side) as pipeline nodes Dragging individual parameters from right is still possible (e.g. control parameters) Devices can be grouped and edited as group (connections and configurations) Distributed computing will happen if different hosts are involved Display of per node or node- group utilization

60 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Macro editing and execution 60 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Macro editing and execution from within GUI possible Macro parameters and functions integrate automatically into configuration panel Macros are running within the GUI’s event loop (direct widget manipulation possible) Macro API can be interactively executed in embedded IPython interpreter Asynchronous operations use Python 3’s coroutines and the yield from keyword (extension written allowing this for IPython) Courtesy of M. Teichmann

61 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Notification (about alarms, finished runs, …) 61 Concept: Single place for all system relevant notifications, will link-out to more detailed information  Can be of arbitrary type, e.g.:  Finished experiment run/scan  Finished analysis job  Occurrences of errors, alarms  Update notifications, etc.  Intended to be conceptually similar to now-a-days smartphone notification bars  Visibility and/or acknowledgment of notifications may be user and/or access role specific  May implement some configurable forwarding system (SMS, , etc.) Kerstin Weger (WP76)

62 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Log Inspection (filtering, configuration of log-levels, …) 62 Concept: Device’s network appenders provide active logging information which can be inspected/filtered/exported  Tabular view  Filtering by: full-text, date/time, message type, description  Export logging data to file  Logging events are decoupled from main event loop (threading)  Uses Qt’s model/view with SQLite DB as model (MVC design) Kerstin Weger (WP76)

63 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Online documentation (embedded wiki, bug-tracing, …) 63 Concept: Make the GUI a rich-client having embedded internet access. Use it for web based device documentation, bug tracking, feature requests, etc.  Any device class will have an individual (standardized) wiki page. Pages are automatically loaded (within the documentation panel) as soon as any property/command/device is selected elsewhere in GUI (identical to configuration panel behavior). Depending on access role, pages are immediately readable/editable.  Device wiki pages are also readable/editable via European XFEL’s document management system (Alfresco) using standard browsers  For each property/command the coded attributes (e.g. description, units, min/max values, etc.) is shown.  European XFEL’s bug tracking system will be integrated Kerstin Weger (WP76)

64 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Software management (coding, building, packaging, deployment, versioning, …) 64 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Concept: Spiced up NetBeans-based build system, software-bundle approach  Clear splitting of Karabo-Framework (distributed system) from Karabo-Packages (plugins, extensions)  Karabo-Framework (SVN: karabo/karaboFramework/trunk)  Coding done using NetBeans (for c++ and python), Makefile based  Contains: karabo-library (libkarabo.so), karabo-deviceserver, karabo- brokermessagelogger, karabo-gui, and karabo-cli  Karabo-library already contains python bindings (i.e. can be imported into python)  Makefile target “package” creates self-extracting shell-script which can be installed on a blank (supported) operating system and is immediately functional  Embedded unit-testing, graphically integrated into NetBeans (c++ and python)  Karabo-Packages (SVN: karabo/karaboPackages/category/packageName/trunk)  After installation of Karabo-Framework packages can be build  SVN checkout of a package to any location and immediate make possible  Everything needed to start a full distributed Karabo instance available in package  A tool for package development is provided (templates, auto svn integration, etc.)

65 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Software management - Tools Continuous integration system using Jenkins (nightly builds on different platforms) Jenkins automatically runs all unit-tests for each build and tests execution of binaries Redmine for project management (features, bugs, releases, versioning integration) Installation through software bundle approach (all dependencies are shipped), user does not need to compile nor install any system packages Deployment system for distributed device-servers and their plugins 65 Burkhard Heisen (CAS Group)

66 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Software management The four audiences and their requirements 66 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Framework Developer  SVN interaction, versioning, releases  Code development using Netbeans/Visual Studio  Addition of tests, easy addition of external dependencies  Tools for packaging the software into either binary + header or source bundles  Allow for being framework developer and package developer (see below) in one person at the same time Package Developer  Flexible access to the Karabo framework ($HOME/.karabo encodes default location)  Allow "one package - one software" project mode (each device project has its own versioning cycle, individual Netbeans project)  Standards for in-house development or XFEL developers need to be fullfilled: use parametrized templates provided, development under Netbeans, use SVN, final code review  Possibility to add further extern dependencies to the Karabo framework (see above) System Integrator/Tester  Simple installation of Karabo framework and selected Karabo packages as binaries  Start broker, master, i.e. a full distributed system  Flexible setup of device-servers + plugins, allow hot-fixes, sanity checks XFEL-User/Operator  Easy installation of pre-configured (binary framework + assortment of packages) karabo systems  Run system (GUI, CLI)

67 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Software management Unit-testing 67 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Python C++

68 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Software management Continuous integration 68 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) Continuous Integration is a software development practice where members of a team integrate their work frequently, usually each person integrates at least daily - leading to multiple integrations per day. Each integration is verified by an automated build (including test) to detect integration errors as quickly as possible. [Wikipedia] Required Features:  Support for different build systems and different OS  Automated builds – nightly builds  Continuous builds – on demand, triggered by SVN commit  Build matrix – different OS, compiler, compiler options  Web interface – configuration, results  notification  Build output logging – easy access to output of build errors  Reporting all changes from SVN since last successful build – easy trace of guilty developer  Plugin for any virtualization product (VirtualBox, VMWare, etc.)  Netbeans plugin for build triggering  Easy uploading of build results (installation packages) to web repository CI systems on the market: Hudson, CruiseControl, buildbot, TeamCity, Jenkins …

69 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework DETAIL: Software management Continuous integration 69 Burkhard Heisen (WP76)

70 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework Conclusions 70 Burkhard Heisen (WP76) XFEL.EU software will be designed to allow simple integration of existing algorithm/packages The provided services focus on solving general problems like data-flow, configuration, project-tracking, logging, parallelization, visualization, provenance The ultimate goal is to provide a homogenous software landscape to allow fast and simple crosstalk between all computing enabled categories (Control, DAQ, Data Management and Scientific Computing) The distributed system is device-centric (not attribute-centric), devices inherently express functionality for communication, configuration and flow control

71 Karabo: The European XFEL software framework 71 Thank you for your kind attention. Burkhard Heisen (WP76)


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