2 CHAPTER 2 Administrative and Traffic Laws STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 2 LESSON 1Administrative LawsA. For each sentence below, circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false. If a statement is false, correct it in the space provided below.1. Administrative laws apply only to traffic violations.False - The laws apply to issuing driver’s licenses and permits, registering vehicles, financial responsibilities, safety equipment and care of vehicles.2. A point system enables the state to keep track of a driver’s violation.True3. A certificate of title is the same as a certificate of registration.False - A certificate of title is different from a registration and proves who owns a vehicle.4. Driving tests are designed and administered by the federal government.False - Driving tests are designed and administered by each individual state.
3 5. You receive your license plates when you receive your certificate of title. False - You receive license plates when you register your vehicle.6. For your driver’s license, you will be tested on traffic laws and knowledge of signs, car repair and signals.False - You will be tested on traffic laws, signals, safe driving, and visual acuity.7. A driver’s license that is suspended is usually taken away for a period of 10 to 15 days.False - A driver’s license is usually suspended for a period of 30 to 90 days.
4 FIND OUT MORE. Look in the NJ driving manual. http://www. state. nj Does NJ use a point system?YesIf yes, how many points does it take to lose your license?12 ptsHow many points are given for speeding at 15 miles per hour over the speed limit?4 ptsAdditional Questions NOT in Study Guide:If you operate a vehicle on a public or private property to avoid a traffic control signal or sign, and get caught, how many points will you get in addition to the fine?2 pointsIf you possess a special learner permit, examination permit, or a probationary license, when must you must enroll in a Probationary Driver Program?If you are convicted of 2 or more moving violations totaling 4 or more points
5 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 2 LESSON 2 Right-of-Way RulesYou are driving vehicle X. Who must yield the right-of-way?a, b, and X yield to the ambulance.Why?An emergency vehicle with lights flashing has priority.Emergency Vehicle Procedures
6 B. You are driving vehicle X B. You are driving vehicle X. Which vehicles may go through the intersection first?Vehicles a, c, and bLast?Vehicle X.Why?Vehicle X has a stop sign in front of it and must wait for traffic to clear.
7 Who has the right of way? NEW QUESTIONS NOT in CH2 Study Guide Find out more.If you come to a multi-way stop at the same time as another motorist, who must you yield to?Always yield to the vehicle on the right (right of way).In addition if you are making a left, you must also yield to oncoming traffic .When approaching or nearing an uncontrolled intersection what procedure should follow?Always reduce your speed and be ready to stop.Who has the right of way?
8 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 2 LESSON 3 Speed LimitsA. Explain the basic speed law, and give an example of how it works.The basic speed law states that you should always drive at a speed that is reasonable and proper for existing conditions. For example, a maximum posted speed limit may be 55 mph on a highway. In a snowstorm, however, you could be ticketed for driving that fast because 55 mph is too fast for the weather condition.
9 B.FIND OUT MORE. Using your state driver’s manual, answer the following questions. 1. What is the maximum speed limit on the interstates in NJ?55 or 652. Does NJ have a night speed limit on interstate highways that is different from the day speed limit?no
10 B.FIND OUT MORE. Using your state driver’s manual, answer the following questions. 3. Does NJ have a different speed limit for trucks than for other vehicles?no4. What, if any, is the minimum speed limit on NJ interstate highways?55 or 65
11 B.FIND OUT MORE. Using your state driver’s manual, answer the following questions. 5. What is the speed limit on state roads where the speed is not posted?506. What is the speed limit for school zones in NJ?257. What is the speed limit in business or recreation areas in NJ?25 or 35
12 STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTER 2 LESSON 4 Driver-Condition LawsA. For each sentence below, circle T if the statement is true and F if it is false. Correct each false statement in the space provided below.1. Your physical, mental, and emotional conditions affect your ability to drive safely.True2. As a licensed driver, you do not have to take a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) test if a police officer asks you to.False - Implied consent laws require drivers to take a blood alcohol concentration test if requested by a police officer.3. In many states, drivers who test above the blood alcohol concentration limit can have their licenses suspended for 7 to 180 days for a first offense.4. Speeding, tailgating, and running red lights are examples of aggressive driving.
13 B. Road rage is defined as a driver’s uncontrolled anger that is expressed in aggressive or violent behavior behind the wheel. In the space provided below, list four ways to minimize risk when dealing with a driver who is experiencing road rage.Do not make eye contact with an angry driver.Do not exchange insults or gestures with an angry driver.Give an angry driver plenty of room.Get help if an angry driver is following you: call the police if you have a cell phone; drive to a police station or a place where there are plenty of people.FIND OUT MORE. Research your state’s specific BAC .What does the abbreviation BAC stand for?Blood Alcohol ConcentrationWhat is the legal limit if you are 21 and older?What is it if you are under 21?What are the first offense penalties for operating a motor vehicle while above the BAC limit?Age 21 or older?Under age 21?
14 DUI: Driving Under the Influence The only scientific way to determine whether a driver is under the influence is through blood alcohol concentration (BAC). Your BAC can be tested with a simple Breathalyzer test. In New Jersey, a person with a BAC of 0.08% or greater who operates a motor vehicle or a boat is considered to be driving under the influence (DUI). Being convicted of a DUI is a serious offense, carrying heavy penalties including:Fines, fees and surchargesLicense suspensionIgnition interlock deviceJail timeCommunity service
15 Underage DUIIf you are under 21 years old and are convicted for driving or boating with a BAC of .01% or higher, the following penalties apply:30–90 day license suspensionPossible combination of the minimum sentences above and select DUI Mandatory Fines and Penalties, depending on the situation15–30 days mandatory community serviceParticipation in alcohol education and highway safety programs at an Intoxicated Driver Resource Center (IDRC)If you are unlicensed and under 17 years of age at the time of the incident, you are subject to a 30–90 day delay in processing your driver license
16 Newark woman sentenced to 5 years in prison for role in fatal drunk driving accident Saturday, February 04, 2012, 10:44 AMUnion County Prosecutor's Office Priscilla Natal, pictured at 19, of Newark, is charged with drunken driving in a Garden State Parkway crash that left one person dead on May 8, Natal is now 21.