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Spin Filtering Studies at COSY and AD Alexander Nass for the collaboration University of Erlangen-Nürnberg SPIN 2008, Charlottesville,VA,USA, October 8,

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Presentation on theme: "Spin Filtering Studies at COSY and AD Alexander Nass for the collaboration University of Erlangen-Nürnberg SPIN 2008, Charlottesville,VA,USA, October 8,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Spin Filtering Studies at COSY and AD Alexander Nass for the collaboration University of Erlangen-Nürnberg SPIN 2008, Charlottesville,VA,USA, October 8, 2008

2 : Central PAX Physics Case: Transversity distribution of the nucleon in Drell-Yan:  FAIR as successor of DIS physics last leading-twist missing piece of the QCD description of the partonic structure of the nucleon observation of h 1 q (x,Q 2 ) of the proton for valence quarks (A TT in Drell-Yan >0.2) transversely polarized proton beam or target ( ) transversely polarized antiproton beam (  ) HESR QCD Physics at FAIR (CDR): unpolarized Antiprotons in HESR PAX  Polarized Antiprotons

3 Principle of Spin Filtering P beam polarization Q target polarization k || beam direction σ tot = σ 0 + σ  ·P·Q + σ || ·(P·k)(Q·k) transverse case:longitudinal case: For initially equally populated spin states:  (m=+½) and  (m=-½) Polarized H target Unpolarized p/p beam

4 Principle of Spin Filtering P beam polarization Q target polarization k || beam direction σ tot = σ 0 + σ  ·P·Q + σ || ·(P·k)(Q·k) transverse case:longitudinal case: For initially equally populated spin states:  (m=+½) and  (m=-½) Polarized H target Polarized p/p beam

5 Spin Filtering Tests at TSR (MPI Heidelberg) Experimental Setup Results F. Rathmann. et al., PRL 71, 1379 (1993) T=23 MeV

6 Interpretations of the result Observed polarization cross section: σ  = 72.5 ± 5.8 mb Current interpretation: 2001, Milstein and Strakhovenko + Nikolaev and Pavlov: selective removal through scattering off nuclei beyond the acceptance angle => σ  = 85.6 mb  Experimental tests to disentangle the effects of electrons and nuclei  Experiments with protons at COSY (Jülich): No data to predict polarization for filtering antiprotons  Spin Filtering measurements with antiprotons at AD (CERN) Depolarization measurements done (talk of F. Rathmann) Spin Filtering experiments with polarized target

7 Requirements for Spin Filtering Highly polarized internal gaseous target with areal densities up to atoms/cm 2  Storage cell Passing of the stored p/p beam through this cell and high acceptance  Low beta section Ability to produce and measure nuclear polarization of H and D target gas with xyz-target holding fields  Atomic Beam Source and polarimeter Longitudinal spin filtering  Siberian snake Detection of recoil particles  Silicon detectors

8 Experimental Overview ABS BRP COSY-Quadupoles Low-  -Quadrupoles Target chamber w storage cell and detectors

9 The Polarized Atomic Beam Source Former HERMES ABS rebuilt with modified vacuum system New cabling for fast installation and removal and new interlock system Construction of an analysis chamber with QMS and compression tube First intensity measurements done (intensities up to 6 x atoms/s) Tests with a new alcohol cooled microwave dissociator on the way

10 Storage Cell and Holding field Filtering requires atoms/cm 2  storage cell Walls of Teflon foil to let recoils pass and suppress depolarization and recombination Openable cell to allow injected uncooled AD beam to pass First cell prototype built and to be tested soon Weak holding field coils at the outside of the target chamber to provide quantization axis for the spins of the target atoms Cell cross section 10 x 10 mm

11 Storage Cell

12 The Breit-Rabi Polarimeter Former HERMES BRP rebuilt with modifications due to new configuration Tracking calculations  modified sextupole magnet configuration for 300 K effusive H / D beam New strong field transition cavity for hydrogen and deuterium New cabling and interlock system are installed, start-up on the way

13 The low-  -section Increase of luminosity and acceptance to reach reasonable polarization build-up times and polarization Calculations show that 4 (6) additional quadrupoles are necessary for COSY (AD) COSY AD Cell Size

14 The low-  -section Superconducting quadrupoles needed to reach the necessary pole-tip fields Design of the coils and cryostats on the way, first prototype will be produced in 2009 Inside of cryostat will be used as cryopump Magnets in cryostat for COSY

15 Beam Line Vacuum at the Target Flow limiters to reduce gas flow into the adjacent sections Pump with cold surfaces of the superconducting quadrupoles

16 Silicon Detectors Measurements of beam polarization using pp (pp)-elastic scattering at COSY (AD) Good azimuthal resolution (up/down asymmetries) Low energy recoils (<8 MeV) detected by silicon telescopes

17 Transverse & Longitudinal Filtering Use of the WASA and electron cooler solenoid to form a Siberian snake at COSY for long. filtering Implementation of a Siberian snake into AD target

18 Planned measurements 2010/11: Filtering measurements at COSY with nuclear polarized hydrogen target in a weak magnetic holding field using a proton beam to produce polarized protons and commission the experiment for AD. 2011/12: Filtering measurements at AD with nuclear polarized hydrogen and deuterium target in a weak magnetic holding field and an antiproton beam to show the ability of the method to produce polarized antiprotons.


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