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DRUNK DRIVING Lianne Chan Serena Sugrim Jonathan Lee Amy Petersen.

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Presentation on theme: "DRUNK DRIVING Lianne Chan Serena Sugrim Jonathan Lee Amy Petersen."— Presentation transcript:

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2 DRUNK DRIVING Lianne Chan Serena Sugrim Jonathan Lee Amy Petersen

3 Background Information Legal Drinking Age Legal BAC BAC Measurements Impairment on Body Thought / Judgment / Coordination Reasoning / Peripheral Vision Reaction Time / Speech Memory black out/Loss of Consciousness Bladder Function / Breathing / Heart Rate Unconsciousness / Death

4 Car Accident Fatalities In New York Year TotAlc-Rel%0.08+% 20001, , , , , ,

5 An Introduction to New York State DWI (Alcohol) Laws New York Driving While Intoxicated (“DWI”) laws can be prosecuted under two different legal theories: 1.Prosecuted for violating the “per se” law- which is based only on alcohol level, not driving impairment. 2.Prosecuted under the traditional “common law” theory- where the prosecution must prove that the driver is intoxicated. New York “DWAI” law- Driving While Ability Impaired by Alcohol “Aggravated” DWI, which is a new, “per se” DWI law

6 New York State Zero Tolerance Law Are you under 21 years old? An introduction to New York State’s Zero Tolerance Law: The Zero Tolerance Law applies to a person under age 21 who operates a motor vehicle with a BAC of not less than.02%, nor more than.07%, regardless of whether or not the person is legally “impaired” at all. For a first-time Zero Tolerance violation, you will lose your license for six months. If you are under 21 and refused a breathalyzer test, your license will be revoked for at least one year. At the very least, you will also have to pay various civil fees to the DMV before you are granted back your driving privileges.

7 New York DWI Penalties First offense DWI or DWAI-Drugs (i.e., no prior DWI convictions within 10 years): A fine of no less than $500 and no more than $1,000. Possible jail time of up to 1 year. Loss of license for at least 6 months. Second Offense DWI or DWAI-Drugs Within 5 Years: A fine of no less than $1,000 and no more than $5,000. Mandatory jail time of at least 5 days or at least 30 days community service, or possible prison time of up to 4 years. Loss of license for at least 1 year. Third Offense (Or More) DWI or DWAI-Drugs Within 5 Years: A fine of no less than $2,000 and no more than $10,000. Mandatory jail time of at least 10 days or at least 60 days community service, or possible prison time of up to 7 years. Loss of license for at least 1 year, ignition interlock device, and required alcohol evaluation. Second Offense DWI or DWAI-Drugs Within 10 Years: A fine of no less than $1,000 and no more than $5,000. Possible prison time of up to 4 years. Loss of license for at least 1 year. Third Offense (Or More) DWI or DWAI-Drugs Within 10 Years: A fine of no less than $2,000 and no more than $10,000. Possible prison time of up to 7 years. Loss of license for at least 1 year.

8 New York Aggravated DWI Penalties First Offense Aggravated DWI: A fine of no less than $1,000 and no more than $2,500. Possible jail time of up to 1 year. Loss of license for at least 1 year. Second Offense Aggravated DWI Within 5 years: A fine of no less than $1,000 and no more than $5,000. Mandatory jail time of at least 5 days or at least 30 days community service, or possible prison time of up to 4 years. Loss of license for at least 18 months. Third Offense (Or More) Aggravated DWI Within 10 years: A fine of no less than $1,000 and no more than $5,000. Mandatory jail time of at least 10 days or at least 60 days community service, or possible prison time of up to 7 years. Loss of license for at least 18 months.

9 New York DWAI Penalties First offense DWAI: A fine of no less than $300 and no more than $500. Possible jail time of up to 15 days. Loss of license for 90 days. Second Offense DWAI Within 5 years: A fine of no less than $500 and no more than $750. Possible jail time of up to 30 days. Loss of license for at least 6 months. Third Offense DWAI Within 10 years: A fine of no less than $750 and no more than $1,500. Possible jail time of up to 180 days. Loss of license for 90 days if previous violation occurred over five years ago, and loss of license for at least 1 year if it occurred within five years.

10 Organizations Against Drunk Driving

11 -M.A.D.D (Mothers Against Drunk Driving) was launched in 1980 by a California woman, Candy Lightner, after her 13-year old daughter was killed by a drunk driver. It is a not-for- profit organization. -By 1984, MADD had 330 chapters in 47 states, and in that year, MADD helped persuade President Ronald Regan to sign the Uniform Drinking Age Act, which denied federal highway funding to state that did not raise their legal drinking age to 21.

12 MADD Continued… MADD’s longest campaign involved convincing state legislatures to lower the legal standard by which a person is defined as intoxicated, from.10 to.08.

13 MADD Continued… MADD believe that New York could be more aggressive in keeping repeat drivers off the road by following states like New Mexico, which require that all convicted offenders have ignition interlock systems in their cars.

14 MADD Ad’s and Commercials This is one of MADD’s ads in a public restroom to remind people to not drink and drive. Commercial

15 SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions) was initially founded by Robert Anastas as Students Against Drunk Driving in Wayland, Massachusetts in 1981, but expanded its mission to all things of destructive behavior. It is a Not-for-profit organization. Affirm a “No Use” message related to alcohol and other drugs and want to prevent underage drinking, substance abuse, impaired driving, violence, and suicide.

16 SADD Continued… SADD has a unique approach in that it involves young people delivering the education and preventive messages towards alcohol, and drugs. The messages are delivered through things like school activities and campaigns. Also, projects may include peer-led classes and theme-focused forums, workshops conferences and rallies.

17 Even President Bush was convicted of Drunk Driving, and Lied to Cover it Up

18 “Man in deadly 1981 crash gets prison for 4th DWI conviction”Man in deadly 1981 crash gets prison for 4th DWI conviction Name: Robert Madison Age: 46 Offense: DWI

19 “Repeat offender since 1980s charged again in DWI”Repeat offender since 1980s charged again in DWI Name: Lugene Shepard Age: 52 Offense: DWI, driving without a license, resisting arrest

20 Catholic Social Teaching Community and the Common Good Community put at risk Solidarity “firm and preserving determination to commit oneself to the common good.” Role of Government

21 Prevention Strategies Effective measures to prevent DWI: Aggressively enforcing existing 0.08% BAC laws. Aggressively enforcing minimum legal drinking age laws, and zero tolerance laws for drivers younger than 21 years old. Promptly suspending the driver’s licenses of people who drive while intoxicated. Sobriety checkpoints Health promotion efforts that use an ecological framework to influence economic, organizational, policy, and school/ community action. Multi- faceted community-based approaches to alcohol control and DUI prevention. Mandatory substance abuse assessment and treatment for driving-under-the-influence offenders.

22 Prevention Strategies Other suggested measures to prevent DWI: Reducing the legal limit for blood alcohol concentration (BAC) to 0.05% Raising state and federal alcohol exercise taxes Implementing compulsory blood alcohol testing when traffic crashes result in injury Increase sobriety checkpoints to reduce alcohol-related crashes Stronger state DUI prevention activities may reduce alcohol-impaired driving Increase the anti-drunk-driving advertising campaigns Installation of a ignition interlock device More serious penalties for driver’s with a BAC over 0.15% or 0.20%, such as longer jail time, larger fines and a longer DUI program


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