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“Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting,

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Presentation on theme: "“Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting,"— Presentation transcript:

1 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, JapanThe 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting Control, data Acquisition, and Remote Participation or Fusion Research 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan June Presented by Mikyung Park on behalf of KSTAR Control Team

2 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 2 Local System I&Cs Summary Start of Commissioning KSTAR Integrated Control System 1 Introduction Contents

3 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 3 INTRODUCTION 1

4 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 4 Current Progress of KSTAR Current Progress 1. Completion of vacuum commissioning of Current Lead System 2. VV & CR vacuum commissioning in progress 3. He Refrigerator System under installation 4. Performance test of MPS in progress 5. ECH System under commissioning 6. Completion of Main Control Room Afterward schedule Completion of Assembly : Cool-down Start : Charge-up Start : st Plasma :

5 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan Operation Goal Activities Pulse Length TF Field Ip Heating Power 0.5 s 20 s 100 s 300 s 1.5 T 3.5 T 0.5 MA1 MA 2 MA Initial Operation Steady-state Op. Research High beta AT Operation Steady- state AT First Plasma SC Tokamak Operation Technology (3.5 T) D-shaped Plasma (1 MA) H-mode Operation Long Pulse Operation (over 100 s) AT Operation Technology (< 20 MW) ITER Pilot Device Long Pulse Operation (over 300 s) AT Operation Stabilization (> 20 MW) ITER Satellite High beta AT mode & long pulse Material Test for DEMO Phase I Phase IIPhase IIIPhase IV NBI-I ECH ICRH LHCD Objective 28MW 16MW 6MW Milestone of KSTAR

6 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 6 KSTAR Integrated Control System 2

7 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 7 Integrated the heterogeneous local systems such as VME, cPCI, PXI, PLC, cFP with EPICS Basically, Linux-based system except some diagnostic systems Five Different Networks - Machine network, dedicated Timing network, Experimental data network, Real-time network, and dedicated Interlock network Two Databases - EPICS ChannelArchiver : operation data management - MDSplus : experimental pulse data management - MySQL : signal information data management Development software - EPICS r , MDSplus v Jan , MySQL, Qt R4.2.1, Linux Kernel 2.6.9, Vxworks Tornado2.2, etc KSTAR Integrated Control System

8 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan Real-Time Network (Optical/RFM) CA Gateway MDSPlus Server Channel Archiver Data Analysis Server Operator Interface OPIs Storage System Storage Area Network (SAN) Control Network (Ethernet) Central Controller Time & Synchronization Plasma Control System Display Wall Vacuum Monitoring& Control System Tokamak Monitoring System Helium Refrigeration System Current Lead System Quench Detection System Magnetic Power Supply Fueling & GDC Heating System (ECH/ICRH) Diagnostic System Operation Control Discharge Control Data Management OPI & Visualization Supervisory Control System Interlock System Personal Safety Fire Wall Machine Network (Ethernet) Interlock Network (Optical) Timing Network (Optical) Experimental Data Network (Ethernet) Radiation Monitoring _ Configuration

9 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 9 PowerPC CPU Central Timing Unit Multipurpose I/O Reflective Memory Machine Network Ehternet CA Protocol Optical Timing Network Hardwired Interlock Signal to Interlock system RT-Network Reflective Memory based Low latency / dedicated Network Example of operation sequence Central Controller  Features  Integrated Control for Plant Operation - Operation mode control  Operation/Discharge Sequence Control  Monitoring Plasma control system & Magnet Power Supply - watchdog for feedback operation  Sharing H/W with Timing System  Interfaces  Channel Access (Ethernet) for machine control  Reflective Memory Network - MPS control - Monitoring PCS/MPS in feedback operation  Timing network  Hardwired interlock signals - Send/Receive interlock status

10 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 10 Timing Board (CTU/LTU) Time & Synchronization System  New Timing Board developed  Platform changed from VME to PMC  Assembled in Controller board together, Platform-independent  Central timing & Local timing functions implemented in single board  GPS time & clock used as reference  Dedicated Timing Network with 1Gbps transfer rate E-08, OLZETEK, Inc exhibits the timing board.

11 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 11 MDSPlus Server Channel Archiver Server Data Analysis Server Local Control Systems Pulse operation related Systems Centralized Storage System Storage Area Network (SAN) Storage Area Network (SAN) Control Network Machine Network Experimental Data Network 24 hours operation data plant monitoring data Pulse operation related data such as diagnostics, PCS, etc, Operator interface & Visualization System Data Archiving System

12 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 12 Signal Information DB

13 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 13 Machine Interlock System  Composed of 1 supervisory interlock system and 11 subsystems  Implemented with PLC, in redundant system  Using dedicated interlock network, ControlNet  About 120 events handling for 1 st operation  About 80 commands and status  We have finished installation & communication test  In present, we are revising signal I/Os and performing FMEA  In end of this year, we will expand system for ICRH, Baking system, etc.  We also have Personal safety system and Radiation monitoring system.

14 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 14 _ Schematics

15 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 15  In Equipment room  Central controller & Timing  Plasma control system  Interlock & Safety systems  Radiation monitoring system  OPI servers  Network main distribution frames  Features  22 operator’s seats  Linux-based OPI servers - Only monitors in operator's seats - advantages in temperature and noise  12 x 70” DLP cube system  15 CCTV camera operated Main Control Room

16 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 16 Local System I&Cs 3

17 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 17 To monitor the cryogenic and structural behavior of KSTAR device Total about 1,000 sensors have been installed - Temperature sensor : Cernox - Strain gauge : active-dummy - Displacement sensor - Hall sensor - Acoustic Emission sensor All the sensors were tested in the room temperature PXI-based DAQ system was selected. - one system for temperature and hall sensors - the other system for strain and displacement sensors All the measurement data and monitoring status are integrated with EPICS Tokamak Monitoring System

18 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 18 Temperature sensors (Cernox) Cryogenic strain sensor (active-dummy) Displacement & AE sensor PF Magnet TargetTypeNO CoilTemp.CX(He)41 Structure Temp.CX(SF)12 StrainA-D30 Hall-6 Joint Support Temp.CX(SF)6 TF Magnet TargetTypeNO CoilTemp.CX(He)41 Structure Temp.CX(SF)78 Temp.CX(He)21 StrainA-D96 Hall-8 Disp.-2 Thermal Shield TargetTypeNO StructureTemp.Pt BUS LINE System TargetTypeNO Bus Temp.CX(He)26 Temp.CX(SF)23 Support Temp.CX(SF)17 StrainA-D12 OCB Temp.CX(He)2 Temp.CX(SF)16 Temp.PT-1009 CS Magnet TargetTypeNO CoilTemp.CX(He)44 Structure Temp.CX(SF)9 Temp.CX(He)3 StrainA-D31 Hall-6 Leaf Spring TargetTypeNO StructureStrainA-D32 Gravity Support TargetTypeNO Post Temp.Pt StructureA-A120 Disp.-8 Ring Temp.CX(SF)4 Temp.CX(He)4 _ Sensor Installation

19 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 19 cFPoint PT-100 sensor PXI system (EPICS IOC) (Strain, Displacement) (Temp., Hall sensor) Signal Conditioning Main Control Room Giga-bit Machine Net  Data Acquisition Speed : 10 Hz  Data Archiving  Stored in Operation DB (CA Archiver)  No. of CH : 1378  Repetitive archiving : 1Hz  Archiving when exceed the threshold value _ DAQ System and Data Archiving TMS IOC 1 >1113PVs TMS IOC 2 >265PVs (TMS 1378PVs / sec) OPI#01 OPI#02 CA Archiver Storage SAN GA Gateway P1-28, “Software Development of the KSTAR Tokamak Monitoring System,” presented by K.H.Kim

20 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 20 _ Operator Interface Panels

21 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 21 Vacuum Monitoring System Vacuum Pumping System VV pumping system, CR pumping system, roughing & backing system VV Pumping start : 19 th, May CR Puming start : 4 th, June Local Control System cFP, LAN-Serial Converter, EPICS soft-IOC Independent Local I&Cs for VV and CR, We have finished the development and are carrying out the commissioning

22 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 22 Turbo-pump Controller Cryo-pump Controller Async server (LAN-serial) Compact Fieldpoint Cryostat Control rack cFP - Embedded CPU Valve, Pump control Valve, Pump status Vacuum gauge monitoring Pumps monitoring Machine network/Ethernet RS232(485) Hard-wired EPICS Soft-IOC Interlock Sequence Operation PLC Tag Remote Operation Data Archiving _ Configuration of Local I&C

23 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 23 MPS (Magnet Power Supply) KSTAR Tokamak Normal Bus-bar Cryogenic System Superconducting Bus-line Current Lead Box CL (Current Lead) Pumping System He Transfer Line He Control System Liquid Helium (LHe, 4.4 K, 1.3 bar) Supercritical Helium (SHe, 4.5 K, 5 bar) TS Helium (50 K, 20 bar) (20 – 40 kA) Mechanical Pump Diffusion Pump Super Trap Control unit Current Lead System He Control System, Current Lead Box, Current Lead, and Pumping System Local Control System PLC, Serial Converter, EPICS soft-IOC Finished the CLB vacuum control system and carrying out the commissioning We are implemented of interface with the He control system

24 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 24 Cryo-pump Controller EPICS Soft-IOC Touch Screen (Local OPI) Chiller, etc AB PLC Ether-ip ETOS-200 Serial Converter Vacuum Gauge Controller Machine network/Ethernet _ Configuration of Local I&C Valve control Pump control Interlock Sequence Operation Vacuum gauge monitoring Pumps monitoring Chiller, etc. monitoring MFC latigid SD O R D 1 0 X O R D E R W I R E ALARM CALL WAITING CALL ALL 2-WIRE HEADSET Q-PLC latigid SD O R D 1 0 X O R D E R W I R E ALARM CALL WAITING CALL ALL 2-WIRE HEADSET Cernox Sensors Pt. Sensors CR Valve Control He Level Pres. Transmitter Voltage Tab Interlock Sequence Operation PLC Tag RS232(485) Hard-wired GPIB AB PLC Ether-ip Remote Operation Data Archiving Valve control He control Mass flow monitoring Temp. monitoring

25 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 25 TF magnet power supply 40 kA, 25 V unipolar IGBT PF magnet power supply 25 kA, 1100 V, bipolar Thyrister, 12 pulse Blip resister insertion system Local control system 1TF, 7 PF systems VME/vxWorks/EPICS Integration with Central Control System Channel Access: Status monitoring & Operation commands Reflective Memory: fast feedback data from Plasma Control System Magnet Power Supply System TF MPS Inverter stack

26 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 26 Gyrotron Dummy Load CPS APS HPS IGBT switch tank Control system Electron Cyclotron Heating System 84GHz, 500kW Gyrotron Complete the installation the Gyrotron test in progress Local control system PLC (POSFA) System - High voltage power supply control - Waveguide switch control - Utility monitoring (water, air pressure, He) Local interlock Completion of Integration with Central Control System and commissioning EPICS SoftIOC - PLC communication driver / Ethernet - Waveform measurement (RF power) ECH System

27 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 27 Cold Box Compressor Tokamak Interface Helium Refrigerator Cryogenic helium supply to SC magnets 9 K Manufacturer : Air Liquide (France) Local Control System H/W : Siemens PLC with ethernet comm. Processor (CP443-1) S/W:SIMATIC PCS7 Interface H/W:Ethernet interface card Interface S/W:EPICS IOC with S7PLC driver* Communication method:Siemens S7PLC Communication * (by Dirk Zimoch in PAUL SCHERRER INSTITUT) Helium Refrigerator System

28 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 28 Quench Detection System Installation of 83 quench voltage detectors for KSTAR was finished and the user-interface is developed KSTAR quench detection system was tested at the room temperature. Before the KSTAR operation, various tests for guaranteeing the stable operation of this CS Model Coil will be carried out Design Criterion – HV Isolation up to 15 kVdc, 10 kVac : Same as superconducting magnet – Check system for voltage wire breakage and short circuit before & after operation – Noise filter – Common mode & Normal mode surge voltage protection – Low Normal Quench Voltage Criterion  100mV~300mV – Non-Electrical Detection form Mass flow meter & Temperature sensors

29 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 29 Voltage taps PF power supply & quench protection _ Quench Protector & Detector Quench Protection circuit – DC circuit breaker – Thyristor commutation circuit – Dump resistor – Decay time constant : 7 4 – Protection delay Requirement : < 150 msec Real measure : < 80 msec

30 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 30 _ Schematics PF system OR Logic Interface TF system TF Quench Signal Integrator Quench Set/Read Quench Quench detector Interface Quench PF MPS Fast Discharge Operator Interface MachineNetwork PF Quench Signal Integrator TF MPS Fast Discharge F/O Quench detector OR Logic

31 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 31 Start of Commissioning 4

32 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan Pumping System Evacuation : Total Volume: 100m 3 Surface Area: 587m 2 Welding Length: 1.6km # of sealing: 100 Vacuum Vessel Evacuation 4 Total Volume: 460m 3 Surface Area: 2,904m 2 Welding Length: 1.7km # of sealing: 207 Cryostat Evacuation 5 TF Bus & Current Lead Evacuation : PF Bus & Current Lead Evacuation : Vacuum pumping system Current lead system Vacuum Pumping System

33 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan E-07mbar Vacuum Vessel Pressure H2O N2 Residual Gas Analyzer Vacuum Vessel Commissioning VV Pumping start : 19 tht, May Target of VV pressure : 5.0E-07 mbar 1.35E-07 achieved CR Pumping start : 4th, June CR Vacuum 4 th, June

34 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 34 CLB Vacuum Commissioning Full-range gauge at PF CLB : 6.08E-05mbar Full-range gauge at TF CLB : 1.89E-05mbar TF Current Lead and Busline : 15th, Jan. Target of pressure : 1E-04 mbar 1.8E-06 achieved PF Current Lead and Busline : 19th, March Target of pressure : 1E-04 mbar 6.7E-05 achieved

35 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 35 SUMMARY 5

36 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 36 SUMMARY The KSTAR, which is under constructed aiming at the completion on August, 2007, is on the final assembly phase. Also, the KSTAR control system has been developed to integrate many local systems with heterogeneous platforms using EPICS, the first attempt in Fusion device. The KSTAR control system has been developed with expendability for the future long-pulse operation. We have finished successfully the commissioning of TMS, VMS, ECH, and the other systems are planned to commission by August, 2007.

37 “Implementation and Initial Commissioning of KSTAR Integrated Control System,” Mikyung Park NFRC, KOREA The 6 th IAEA Technical Meeting, 4 – 8, June, 2007, Inuyama, Japan 37 Thank you for your attention !


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