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Orientation Objectives Fundamentals of Laser Operation –film: laser classification system Overview of ANSI Standard for the Safe Use of Lasers Biological.

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Presentation on theme: "Orientation Objectives Fundamentals of Laser Operation –film: laser classification system Overview of ANSI Standard for the Safe Use of Lasers Biological."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Orientation Objectives Fundamentals of Laser Operation –film: laser classification system Overview of ANSI Standard for the Safe Use of Lasers Biological Effects of Overexposure to Laser Radiation

3 Incandescent light source Laser light source

4 Medical Approval Form

5 CDRH/ANSI Hazard Classification Class 3a –These lasers can be visible, IR or UV. –Direct viewing may cause eye injury. –Laser power is <1 mWatt Class 3b –These lasers can be visible, IR or UV. –Direct and indirect viewing may cause eye injury. –Laser power is between 5 and 500 mWatt

6 CDRH/ANSI Hazard Classification Class 4 –High power lasers –Direct and Indirect Viewing Hazard –Fire Hazard –Laser Power is >500 mWatts Special Considerations: – invisible beams –frequency doubled lasers

7 Conventional Lasers CO 2 nitrogen argon diodes FIR excimers

8 Free Electron Laser Facility Tunable Infrared Laser medium occupies below grade area 6 user labs on upper level FEL Control room/center for laser ops

9 FEL Theory

10 Jlab FEL Schematic

11 FEL Specifications CW Operation Average Power W Wavelength range µm Micropulse energy ~25 µJ Pulse length ~2 ps FWHM nominal PRF MHz, MHz Bandwidth ~ Fourier transform limited (~ %) Beam diameter at labdown to 100 microns Pulsed Operation Planning to develop the capability of pulsed operation at rates from single pulse up to 5 kHz.

12 Eye Physiology

13 Conventional Laser Safety Program Responsibility/Authority Procedures Required controls User Qualifications

14 Responsibility/Authority Laser Safety Officer Laser System Supervisor

15 Procedures Laser Standard Operating Procedure (LSOP) Author: LSS Approvals: Management, LSO

16 User Qualifications General laser safety orientation Laser Specific safety training Medical Approval

17 Class 3b Required Controls Same as Class 4 with two exceptions: 1. interlocked smoke detector not required 2. crash button not required

18 Class 4 Required Controls Smoke detector interlock to laser power Entrance door interlock to shutter or power Yellow beacon inline with power Crash button inside and outside the laser area Emission time delay 10 second minimum Approved schematic of safety interlock system

19 Special hazards associated with the FEL: The Accelerator accelerator hazards vacuum ionizing radiation high voltage cryogenics

20 Special Hazards Associated with the FEL: User Lab Issues User equipment Power levels Picosecond pulse structure Harmonics Tunability Vacuum

21 Power

22 Picosecond Pulse Structure Existing ANSI standard does not address MPE’s for picosecond pulses picosecond pulse structure may be more efficient in causing injury

23 Harmonics Estimate : 10 -h,where h is the harmonic. Estimate because harmonics may be lowered by optical transport system some data suggests increases in estimates associated with the higher harmonics

24 Tunability: Laser Safety Goggles KG3 material window at 2.7 microns mitigation: 1. find a material that absorbs at 2.7 microns and sandwich it to the KG3 2. for now, no lasing at 2.7 microns

25 Vacuum Issues Must transport beam in vacuum to minimize effects of CO 2 / H 2 O on the beam Optical transport system user interface is vacuum window window must be protected to avoid loss of vacuum

26 Special Hazards Associated with the FEL: Personnel Issues Two categories of experimenters/Safety Cultures Jefferson Lab Employees Users

27 User Labs: Additional Controls Robust laser safety interlock system FEL control room with permissive to user shutter video camera monitoring Experiment Approval Process

28 Bootstrapping An FEL Laser Safety Program Benchmarking Peer Reviews Laser Expert audit meetings arguments

29 Benchmarking Information gathering from other FEL facilities Drawing on past experience audit of three high energy laser labs

30 Reviews/Audits Accelerator Readiness Review Personal Safety System Review Laser Safety System Review Anteon Audit


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