3 The Amoeba, Paramecium, Euglena, and Volvox All are protists: eukaryotes that cannot be classified as animals, plants, or fungi.Classified by their movement and way of life.MovementAmoeboid (pseudopodia)Ciliate (cilia)Flagellate (flagella)Parasitic (attachment to a host cell)Way of LifeAutotrophic: make their own food (plantlike)Heterotrophic: consume autotrophs or other heterotrophs (animal like)Heterotrophic w/ cell walls and reproduce w/ spores (sort of animal and plantlike fungus like)
4 The Amoeba, Paramecium, Euglena, and Volvox Organelles in commonNucleusCytoplasmFood vacuoles: food that is being digested or broken down to provide the cell with energy.Contractile vacuoles (vesicles): pump excess water from the cell; keeps water levels w/in the cell consistent.
5 The Amoeba, Paramecium, Euglena, and Volvox Differences in organelles Amoeba (0.25mm – 2.5mm)PseudopodiaCell membraneEndoplasmEctoplasmEuglena (15 – 500µm)FlagellaPellicleStigma/eyespotChloroplastsParamecium (up to 2mm) *most complexCiliaPellicleOral grooveAnal poreMacronucleusMicronucleusVolvox (can be large enough to be seen w/ the naked eye)FlagellaCytoplasmChloroplastsLive in colonies
6 Moves by stretching its cytoplasm into finger like extensions or pseudopodia
7 Cell membrane is very flexible and allows the organism to change shape constantly.
8 Has 2 types of cytoplasm endoplasm and ectoplasm
9 Endoplasm granular inner mass; darker cytoplasm toward interior of the cell.
10 Ectoplasm absorb water and removes carbon dioxide clearer cytoplasm found near the cell membrane.
11 It pushes its endoplasm toward cell membrane to move and consume food.
12 Use cilia to aid in locomotion and gather food Use cilia to aid in locomotion and gather food. Cilia extends out from pellicle.
13 Pellicle stiff but flexible covering gives the organism its shape.
14 Most complex single celled organism with two nuclei: macronucleus & micronucleus
15 Macronucleus larger nucleus, controls everything, but reproduction.
16 Micronucleus smaller nucleus, controls reproduction (asexually through binary fission and/or sexually through conjugation).