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Structures of Life Crayfish FOSS Structures of Life, TESLA Science Notebooks.

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Presentation on theme: "Structures of Life Crayfish FOSS Structures of Life, TESLA Science Notebooks."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structures of Life Crayfish FOSS Structures of Life, TESLA Science Notebooks

2 BIG IDEA: All living organisms have identifiable structures and characteristics that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction.

3 Guiding Questions What are the structures of crayfish? What does a crayfish need to survive? What are observable crayfish behaviors?

4 Word Wall: crayfish structures behaviors organism crustacean

5 Crayfish are a living organism so we need to treat them with respect. They will not harm you, but they can pinch you if not handled correctly. Background Knowledge

6 Crayfish Structures Part I: Structures Do crayfish have…Yes or NoHow many… Do crayfish have eyes?How many? Do crayfish have ears?How many? Do crayfish have walking legs?How many? Do crayfish have antennae?How many? Do crayfish have tail flaps?How many parts? Do crayfish have pincers?How many? Do crayfish have joints?How many? Do crayfish have mouths?How many? Do crayfish tails bend?How many places? Do crayfish have bristles?Where? Do crayfish have bumps?Where? What other crayfish structures do you observe?

7 Some of you were able to notice differences in your crayfish. They were not all the same. Some of these differences may be due to age or handicapping… Loss of an antennae or leg. What else could cause noticeable differences in our crayfish? Gender: Male and female crayfish will have different structures We can compare what we saw with our crayfish diagram and identify these different structures. Can you predict the gender of your crayfish? Part I: Structures

8 Female Crayfish Male Crayfish 1.Long antennae 2.Short antenna 3.Pincer 4.Eye 5.Mouth 6.Walking leg 7.Carapace 8.Short swimmeret 9.Modified swimmeret 10.Egg pore 11.Long swimmeret

9 Molting A crayfish’s skeleton is on the outside of its body. It protects the crayfish from predators and other dangers. The crayfish has to shed its too-small shell to grow. A crayfish can also grow a new leg or claw if the old one breaks off. What is one advantage and one disadvantage of molting?

10 Word Wall: carapace swimmeret pincer egg poreantenna bristles

11 How can you tell the difference between a male and female crayfish? Part I: Structures Male CrayfishFemale Crayfish First pair of swimmerets is modified Bigger pincersSmaller pincers Narrower talesWider tails No egg poresEgg pores Shorter swimmeretsLonger swimmerets

12 What do we need to know about crayfish in order to keep them in our classroom? Most living organisms require a certain amount of: Food… What will they eat, how much, how often? Water… How deep, what temperature, how clean? Shelter… Do they need hiding places or rocks? Air… How will they get air to breath? Space… Should they live together? Part II: Habitat

13 The place where an animal lives is called a habitat. Our crayfish will eat elodea and cat food Crayfish will be fed cat food in a separate basin The plastic cups are crayfish shelter Part II: Habitat Natural HabitatClassroom Habitat In their natural habitat, crayfish find their own food and shelter. In our classroom, they must be fed and given a safe place to live.

14 Part III: Behaviors Crayfish use their houses for shelter Do all crayfish hide in houses? Does each crayfish have its own house that it always goes into? Do you ever see more than one crayfish hide in the same house? Crayfish are territorial creatures. They will claim a location in their habitat and defend it against others. The biggest or strongest crayfish will normally claim the territory of its choice. When we observe what crayfish “do,” we are observing their behaviors.

15 Part III: Behaviors Crayfish Shelters What did you learn from your investigation about crayfish behaviors and their use of shelters? Do crayfish like to share their shelter with other crayfish? Will they defend their shelter or place in their habitat? Crayfish are territorial creatures. They will claim a location in their habitat and defend it against others. The biggest or strongest crayfish will normally claim the territory of its choice. How do you Know?

16 Making Meaning What are some of the observable structures of crayfish? What does a crayfish need for a healthy habitat? What are some of the behaviors you observed? How are crayfish territorial? How does a crayfish compare to you?

17 Crayfish vs Human Have a heart to pump blood Have a stomach to digest food and glands to excrete wastes Crayfish usually live in water and get oxygen out of water through gills. Skeleton on the outside of its body. Crayfish have 5 pairs of legs. They can walk quickly. The 5 th pair of legs, located near the head, has large claws that are more like arms than legs. They are used to pick up food and defend itself against predators. Have a heart to pump blood Have a stomach to digest food and glands to excrete wastes Humans live on land and have lungs to breathe air. Skeleton on the inside of their body. Have two legs to walk, run, and climb.

18 11/ REFLECTION AND CONCLUSION What did you learn…? What really surprised you…? What new questions do you have…? What would you like to know more about…?


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