Presentation on theme: "Poster ID: 1471 HIGHLY EFFICIENT ACTIVATED CARBON FROM PALM SHELL AS AN ADSORBENT OF TOXIN/POISON IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Poster ID: 1471 HIGHLY EFFICIENT ACTIVATED CARBON FROM PALM SHELL AS AN ADSORBENT OF TOXIN/POISON IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition 2013 M.M. Rahman, B. S. Mohsina, K.M. Sharif, B. Y. Kamaruzzaman b, M. B. Awang a Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, b Kulliyyah of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia Phone:0129559354, Fax:09-5716775, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Highly efficient activated carbon as an adsorbent of toxins has been successfully produced from palm shell through chemical activation process using phosphoric acid as activating agents. Palm shell is used as the main raw material for activated carbon production, which purchased from a local oil palm mill at Pahang, Malaysia. The surface area and pore diameter of the produced activated carbon was measured by Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (BET) theory. All characterization of produced activated carbon was ensured that it is highly efficient. Finally it is tested in vitro to determine its adsorbing capacity as an antidote for paraquat as a toxin. METHODOLOGY RESULT Figure 1: SEM of produced carbon by different temperature 550 600 SUMMARY Sample IDTemperature ( 0 C)Surface Area (m 2 g -1 )Pore Volume (cm 3 g -1 ) T-155011530.731676 T-260012800.871767 T-365012000.782567 Adsorbed Paraquat on activated carbon (mg g -1 ) Adsorption conditionat 10 mgL -1 at 25mgL -1 at 50mgL -1 Saline free3.304.307.25 NaCl (0.9%) sol n 65.0178.1285.75 Table 1: Effect of activation on treated activated carbon in pore diameter and pore volume with different Temperatures. Table 2: Removal of paraquat in different concentrations by activated carbon in saline free and NaCl (0.9%) saline solution CONCLUSION Highly efficient activated Carbon was prepared from palm shells by chemical activation in H 3 PO 4 maintained optimum temperature 600 0 C for the removal of toxin. RELATED PUBLICATIONS 1.M. M. Rahman a*, M. Awang a, B. S. Mohosina a, B. Y. Kamaruzzaman b, W. B. Wan Nik c and C. M. C. Adnan c, (2012), “Waste Palm Shell Converted to High Efficient Activated Carbon by Chemical Activation Method and its Adsorption Capacity Tested by Water Filtration.” Vol. 2 (1), APCBEES Procedia, Vol. 1 (2012), 297–302. December, 2012 / Scopus 2.Md. Mokhlesur Rahman 1*, Mohamed Awang 1, Mohosina Binty Shajahan 1, Tariq Abdul Razak 1 and KamaruzzamanYunus 2 “A highly efficient activated carbon by chemical activation method for adsorption of paraquat (toxin).” Materials Science Forum, Press, 2013 / ISI Figure 4: Adsorption isotherm of paraquat Commercial and produced activated carbon Product as tablet form Characterization BET Isotherm AuthorRaw materialActivating agent TemperatureSurface areaPore volume Mohosina shahjahan et. al Palm shellH 3 PO 4 600 0 C1287m 2 /g0.74 Allwar et. alPalm shellZnCl 2 600 0 C1297m 2 /g0.71 Devarly Prahas et.al Jackfruit peelH 3 PO 4 550 0 C1260m 2 /g0.73 Hondu et. alCoconut shellNA 849NA Miyoshi et. alPetroleum pitchNA 1081NA Table 3: Comparison of surface area property between activated carbon produced in this study and activated carbon produced by other researchers 665 EVO 50 Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) LEICA EM SC005 Auto Fine Coater Raw Palm shell
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