Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Evaluation of the Strength and Deformation Characteristics in Cohesive Soils caused by Back Pressure 2015. 4. 1(Wednesday) Seoul National University Geotechnical.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Evaluation of the Strength and Deformation Characteristics in Cohesive Soils caused by Back Pressure 2015. 4. 1(Wednesday) Seoul National University Geotechnical."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evaluation of the Strength and Deformation Characteristics in Cohesive Soils caused by Back Pressure (Wednesday) Seoul National University Geotechnical & Geo-environmental Engineering Lab Park, Jaechan 2015 Wednesday seminar

2 1. Introduction 2. Test plans 3. Test Results Contents 4. Conclusion 2/ Field condition & Test condition 2.2 Back pressure failure test 2.3 Back pressure cyclic test 3.1 Back pressure failure test results 3.2 Back pressure cyclic test results 2015 Wednesday seminar

3 1. Introduction 3/12  Background  Caused by urbanization and climate change, the damages of heavy rain and drought were increasing  Excessive reliance on surface water has problems. To solve these problems, an underground reservoir which can save water in the aquifer during rainy season, and use the water at dry season is under development July 2011, Seoul Gangnam area January 2009, Yeongam Haksan reservoir 2015 Wednesday seminar

4 1. Introduction 4/12  Background  Cracks might occur right above a confined aquifer due to the change of pore pressure  Evaluation of the strength and deformation characteristics of lower side of the clay caused by pore water pressure change is needed Clay layer Sand layer 2015 Wednesday seminar Injection well Pumping well Lift riser Filling pipe water Pretreatment Post-cleaning River

5 1. Introduction 5/12  Literature Review  The strength and deformation characteristics of the samples had been evaluated by compression or extension tests  According to Cho & Finno(2009), results of tests which have different direction of stress path have different values in terms of strength or volumetric strain  The effect of the change of pore water pressure to sample behavior is not fully investigated in Korea  The samples obtained from the reservoir site were tested for the stability of clay layer and deformation characteristics  (1)Back pressure failure test and (2)back pressure cyclic test were conducted Cho & Finno(2009) 2015 Wednesday seminar

6 2. Test plan/ 2.1 Field conditions & Test conditions 6/12  Basic properties  Samples obtained from Busan □ Field conditions  Ground water level: 2m □ Test conditions  H=140mm, D=70mm, cylindrical shape  Saturated by 150kPa Back pressure (B value > 0.95)  K 0 =0.55 for NC(Normally Consolidated) clay K0K0 Effective vertical pressure(σ’ 1 )Effective cell pressure(σ’ 3 ) kPa99kPa Natural water content #200 sieve Passing through Specific gravity LLPLPIOCRUSUC 47.7% ( ) 87.2% ( ) 2.64 ( ) 45.3% ( ) 31.0% ( ) 14.6 ( ) 1.02 ( ) ML-MH Depth(m)USUC 0~8SM 8~22CL 22~31SM 2015 Wednesday seminar

7 2. Test plans/ 2.2 Back pressure failure test 7/12  Objective To decide the size of back pressure that occurs failure, by simulating the phenomenon that the increment of pore water pressure arises from the bottom of clay layer  Procedure 1.0 kPa/min Apply back pressure to bottom of sample (1.0kPa/min) Maintain constant external total stress during applying back pressure Loading Frame 2015 Wednesday seminar

8 2. Test plans/ 2.3 Back pressure cyclic test 8/12 □ Objective To evaluate the effects of (1)the magnitude of back pressure applying and reducing and (2)the number of cycles to the stability and deformation characteristics of samples □ Procedure 1.0 kPa/min Apply and Reduce the back pressure by rate of 1kPa/min 60%(35kPa)of failure back pressure(60kPa) and 80%(50kPa) of failure back pressure were performed each Maintain constant external total stress during applying and reducing back pressure No time lag between applying and reducing back pressure, not to make excess pore pressure dissipate Loading Frame 2015 Wednesday seminar

9 3. Test results/ 3.1 Back pressure failure test results 9/12  Test results (σ 1 =180kPa, σ 3 =99kPa consolidation) (+): sample compression, (-): sample extension Extension at initial → compression Reaching at back pressure increment 60kPa, the sample begins to compress and deviator stress is not maintained constantly Failure occurs at 60kPa of back pressure increment Axial Displacement-Back pressure incrementDeviator stress-Back pressure increment Volumetric strain-Back pressure increment 2015 Wednesday seminar

10 3. Test results/ 3.1 Back pressure failure test results 10/12  Test results (σ 1 =180kPa, σ 3 =99kPa consolidation) Mohr-Coulomb failure envelope from 3 times of CK 0 U TXC (NC clay, c’=0, Φ’=29.1º) Applying back pressure with constant external stress makes Mohr circle to move horizontally without size change Similar results with the results of back pressure failure test(60kPa) Mohr circle failure state Mohr circle after consolidation 57kPa 2015 Wednesday seminar

11 3. Test results/ 3.2 Back pressure cyclic test results 11/12  Test results (σ 1 =180kPa, σ 3 =99kPa consolidation) a.60% of failure pressure(35kPa) cycle test, 10 cycles b.80% of failure pressure(50kPa) cycle test, 21 cycles 축방향 변위 - 시간 축차응력 - 시간 체적변형률 - 시간 축방향 변위 - 시간축차응력 - 시간체적변형률 - 시간 2015 Wednesday seminar Axial Displacement-Back pressure increment Deviator stress-Back pressure incrementVolumetric strain-Back pressure increment Axial Displacement-Back pressure increment Deviator stress-Back pressure increment Volumetric strain-Back pressure increment

12 3. Test results/ 3.2 Back pressure cyclic test results 12/12  Test results (σ 1 =180kPa, σ 3 =99kPa consolidation) a.60% of failure pressure(35kPa) cycle test, 10 cycles b.80% of failure pressure(50kPa) cycle test, 21 cycles 축방향 변위 - 시간 축차응력 - 시간 체적변형률 - 시간 축방향 변위 - 시간축차응력 - 시간체적변형률 - 시간 2015 Wednesday seminar Axial Displacement-Back pressure increment Deviatoric stress-Back pressure incrementVolumetric strain-Back pressure increment Axial Displacement-Back pressure increment Deviatoric stress-Back pressure increment Volumetric strain-Back pressure increment As the number of iterations increases, displacement and volumetric strain are generated accumulatively Compression occurs Volume increases at initial phase, soon it decreases Due to the difference between rate of excess pore pressure dissipation Deviator stress is kept constant Case of 60% : displacement 0.236mm, 10 cycles(0.0236mm/cycle) Case of 80% : displacement 0.623mm, 21 cycles(0.0297mm/cycle)

13 4. Conclusions 12/12  Conclusions Evaluation of the strength and deformation characteristics of clay layer through the back pressure failure tests & back pressure cyclic tests and verification the results of back pressure failure test with triaxial tests Back pressure failure tests Evaluate Strength and deformation characteristics occurring when back pressure applied Failure occurred without any change of external stress Define ‘Back pressure failure state’ at the point of maximum extension occurs, deviator stress starts to decrease Verify the results with triaixal tests Back pressure cyclic tests Simulate the phenomenon occurs during injection and pumping at reservoir As iteration increases displacement is generated accumulatively → expected to be due to the difference in the dissipation rate of excess pore pressure Applying: extension, reducing: compression → compression is dominant Although compression occurred, did not reach the failure 2015 Wednesday seminar

14 Thank you Wednesday seminar


Download ppt "Evaluation of the Strength and Deformation Characteristics in Cohesive Soils caused by Back Pressure 2015. 4. 1(Wednesday) Seoul National University Geotechnical."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google