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Evolution of NanoPorous Materials from an NSF IUCRC project to the “Real World” Douglas M. Smith NanoPore Incorporated 2501 Alamo SE Albuquerque, NM 87106.

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Presentation on theme: "Evolution of NanoPorous Materials from an NSF IUCRC project to the “Real World” Douglas M. Smith NanoPore Incorporated 2501 Alamo SE Albuquerque, NM 87106."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evolution of NanoPorous Materials from an NSF IUCRC project to the “Real World” Douglas M. Smith NanoPore Incorporated 2501 Alamo SE Albuquerque, NM NanoCool TM

2 What is NanoPore? 84 issued patents and >50 pending applications in porous materials since R&D & production in Albuquerque. R&D in Sunnyvale, CA. Sales & distribution in the UK. Three main commercial businesses: Bulk nanoporous silica for advanced thermal insulation. Nanoporous silica (Nanoglass TM ) for low K dielectrics. NanoCool TM on-demand adsorption cooling Nanoporous, very high capacity desiccants developed Being commercialized for controlled temperature packaging and microclimate (military, HAZMAT, etc.) cooling. Nanoglass TM is a registered trademark of Nanoglass LLC NanoCool TM is a registered trademark of NanoPore Incorporated

3 IUCRC-initiated technology Observation that by controlling the internal surface chemistry of nanoporous materials before drying, shrinkage could be reversed via “springback” In theory, this would enable the low-cost production of low-density, “aerogel-like” materials Example: Drying a surface modified silica gel rod (note; in compacted state, volume is only 35% of uncompacted) Wet Wet Dry 25 mm

4 NanoPore time-line 1992; Center researchers develop low density, nanoporous material synthesis, patent filed 1994; NanoPore formed, focus on bulk and thin film synthesis 1995; NIST/ATP award to TI/NanoPore for low k dielectrics 1996; University patent issues (#5,565,142), Nanoglass LLC formed as a 50/50 JV with AlliedSignal for low k 1998; Cabot purchases Hoechst and NanoPore process technology, NanoPore starts commercial thermal insulation production 1999; Honeywell purchases NanoPore’s stake in Nanoglass LLC 2001; Cool Logistics UK formed to commercialize thermal insulation/cooling for controlled temperature packaging 2003; NanoCool LLC formed as 3-way joint venture with NanoPore, Cool Logistics and Mead Westvaco

5 NanoPorous Silica (Nanogel TM ) NanoPore worked with both Hoechst AG and the Cabot Corporation to develop a practical process scheme for ambient pressure, “springback” NanoPore demonstrated the first continuous (rather than batch) process Applications in thermal insulation, silicone reinforcement and flatting of paints Nanogel TM yields 30% improvement in thermal insulation performance over foams and is translucent Cabot purchased NanoPore’s and Hoechst’s rights and has built a semi-works plant in Frankfurt Nanogel TM is a trademark of the Cabot Corporation

6 NanoPore Thermal Insulation Business 7x improvement with mild vacuum over conventional insulation. 93% porous, nanometer pores NanoPore produces products for: –Controlled temperature shipping –Fuel cells –Microelectronics, electronics, optics –Aerospace –Pipelines –Appliances –High temperature (exhaust, piping, etc.) Vacuum packed insulation

7 Examples Hot water heatersHot water heaters –Energy reduction (storage) with better insulation 2” Fiberglass blanket=31% 1/4” NanoPore VIP=46% Replace 1” of PU with 1” NanoPore VIP=74% –Example: IR image of ¼” VIP in long-term testing Exhaust for the AAAVExhaust for the AAAV –Reduced IR signature –650 o C exhaust °C 250 mm

8 Nanoglass TM Low k Dielectrics IUCRC role: Brought together Texas Instruments (the need and applications knowledge) with NanoPore (the solution) Need driven by shrinking dimensions and higher speeds in semiconductors. Market projected to be >$500 million by 2008 Over 50 patents issued. University patent not relevant! Honeywell purchased NanoPore’s interest in Nanoglass LLC NanoPore continues to provide R&D, technical support and retains non-microelectronics IP NanoPore produces two key raw materials in ultrahigh purity Nanoglass TM is a trademark of Nanoglass LLC 600 nm thick Nanoglass TM film with 1-2 nanometer pores

9 NanoPorous Desiccants “Conventional” Desiccants –Pore volumes are 0.2 to 0.5 cm 3 /g which limits capacity. Pores < 2 nm to enable adsorption at low humidity. NanoPorous Desiccants –High pore volumes (1-3 cm 3 /g) to enhance sorption capacity. Requires pores with size of 2-5 nm. Use in “On-demand” Adsorption Cooling –Principle: Water’s heat of vaporization is 7x the heat of fusion (ice). Being commercialized with collaborative tools learned in IUCRC (i.e. method, not technology) NanoCool TM

10 Applications for “On-demand” cooling Short-term –Controlled temperature packaging Single-use box coolers to replace gel packs and dry ice Market is hundred’s of millions of units with value of $5-30/unit –Beverages In can, bottle and juice pouch Market is billions of units with value of <$0.50/unit –Personal cooling Cooling of soldiers, rescue workers, athletes, etc. Market is <1 million units and the value varies but is high Longer-term –Peak load cooling of cars and buildings –Advanced consumer packaging NanoCool TM

11 Typical Performance of a NanoCool TM system Conventional system, 1-2 L payload 1-3 kg ice Simply actuated by pressing button

12 A logistics comparison Conventional EPS/gel pack technology –Order in gel packs 48 hr before shipment High shipping costs of raw materials Inventory large volumes –Freeze gel for48 hr. Freezer space and energy –Pack and ship High shipping costs –End-user disposal Difficult because of large volume/low value NanoCool TM - based packaging –Order in cooler –Pack, actuate and ship Reduced shipping costs –End-user disposal Costs are lower since volume is low and higher value Recycle NanoCool TM

13 Beverage cooling Cooling of 315 ml using a self-contained adsorption cooler W for 2-3 min. Cooling flux = >7,000 W/m 2 Automatic, depressurization-driven valve developed Pilot line for 100 devices/min has been designed

14 Micro-climate Cooling Market: Rescue workers, firemen, soldiers, steelworkers, etc. Design goals: –180 W cooling, 1 hr duration –On demand, variable cooling –Small form factor –Light weight –Heat rejected to ambient air –Integrated with liquid circulation, cooling garment NanoCool TM

15 What the University/Center did right and wrong Right –Supported quickly filing a patent –Executed a IP contract which ensured there were no IP conflicts (in exchange for $) –Agreed not to take an equity stake –Realized the main benefit was job creation Wrong –Horrible patent. No IP search, no knowledge of the patent space, short-term focus on generating a patent rather than a viable patent. –Focused only on Center membership as a means to benefit –Did not generate any “political value” out of spin- off successes


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