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Chapter 5 Soil Water A world floating distinctly in space will call itself the only world. - Stephen Crane 1897.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5 Soil Water A world floating distinctly in space will call itself the only world. - Stephen Crane 1897."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5 Soil Water A world floating distinctly in space will call itself the only world. - Stephen Crane 1897

2 Structure of water Fig (a) Structure of water molecule and (b) hydrogen bonding between water molecules. a b

3 Adhesion & cohesion Adhesion: the attraction of water molecules for solid surfaces Cohesion: the attraction of water molecules for each other

4 Capillarity and Water Movement Soil water exists in small spaces as a film around soil particles Small soil pores act as capillary tubes Capillary action holds water in the small pores against the force of gravity The smaller the pores, the higher the water will rise

5 Capillarity: a visual

6 Effect of Soil Texture on Capillary Rise So capillary rise greatest in fine-textured soils Radius of soil pore (cm) Capillary rise (cm) (sand) (clay)

7 Relationship between pore size and height of capillary rise Height of rise greater in finer textured soils Height of rise doubles when radius is halved

8 Relationship between pore size and RATE of capillary rise Rise is higher, but slower, in finer textured soils


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