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Chapter 1: Arts and Young Children “Every day everywhere in the world, young children make a fist around a pencil or crayon, or drag their fingers in earth.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1: Arts and Young Children “Every day everywhere in the world, young children make a fist around a pencil or crayon, or drag their fingers in earth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 1: Arts and Young Children “Every day everywhere in the world, young children make a fist around a pencil or crayon, or drag their fingers in earth or frosty windows, to scribble.” —Sylvia Fein (1993, p. xii) EDU 151 Spring 2015

2 Who are the Young Artists? Children from Birth to age 8

3 Who Are the Young Artists (continued) Children of these ages are: Learning through play Developing control over their bodies Curious Have short attention spans Unique

4 What Are the Creative Arts? Natural Behavior Cultural Expression Self- Expression Creative Product Historical Construct Technique and Form CommodityPlay Way to Communicate

5 What Are the Arts? All the art forms encompass: Creative problem-solving Playfulness Expression of feelings and ideas

6 What Are the Creative Arts? ( continued) All the art forms encompass: Creativity Play Self-Expression

7 What Are the Creative Arts? (continued) Creative Movement or Dance

8 What Are the Creative Arts? ( continued) Drama

9 What Are the Creative Arts? (continued) Music

10 What Are the Creative Arts? ( continued) Visual Arts

11 Why Should the Arts Be Taught to Young Children? Intellectually Linguistically Physically Emotionally Perceptually Socially Creatively The arts help children grow.

12 The Well-Designed Arts Program Is based on: Learning theory Developmentally appropriate practice Goals & Standards

13 How Do the Creative Arts Help Children Learn? Learning theories can provide direction in designing worthwhile arts learning experiences: The Constructivist Theory The Sociocultural Theory The Multiple Intelligences Theory

14 (continued) How Do the Creative Arts Help Children Learn? (continued) Howard Gardner has proposed eight intelligences or learning aptitudes: Linguistic Logical- Mathematical SpatialMusical Bodily- Kinesthetic InterpersonalIntrapersonalNaturalistic

15 What Does A Well-Designed Arts Curriculum Look Like? An early childhood arts curriculum requires: Children to be active participants. Arts activities to be real and integrated. Sufficient materials, time, and space and a nurturing teacher of the arts. Task Force on Children’s Learning and the Arts (1998) and National Arts Education Standards

16 What Does A Well-Designed Arts Curriculum Look Like? (continued) A developmentally appropriate early childhood arts curriculum requires us to ask:  Is this activity appropriate for this age?  Is this activity appropriate for every child?  Is this activity unbiased? Does it take into account social, physical, and cultural differences?

17 What Does A Well-Designed Arts Curriculum Look Like? (continued) An early childhood arts curriculum develops:  Knowledge  Dispositions  Feelings  Skills

18 What Does a Well-Designed Arts Curriculum Look Like? (continued) It incorporates the standards: National Common Core Standards in the Arts, ELA & Mathematics State Standards

19 What Does a Well-Designed Arts Curriculum Look Like? (continued) National Common Core Standards in the Arts address: Creating Performing/Presenting/Producing Responding Connecting

20 Conclusion: The Well-Designed Arts Program Check out these early childhood programs. How are the arts infused into their curricula?  New York State Prekindergarten Foundation for the Common Core: slsprek.pdf slsprek.pdf  Reggio Emilia:  HighScope Early Childhood Curriculum:

21 Reggio Emilia Reggio Emilia – an example Attention to the aesthetics of the environment Provision of an artelierista Use of emergent curriculum

22 Summary  Growth Theory  DAP  Play  Emergent  Valuing the Arts  Goals/Standards  Teaching


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