Presentation on theme: "A PPETD FET TURN AROUND STRATEGY PRESENTER : Dr Tholsia Naidoo Chairperson: APPETD DATE: 23 August 2013."— Presentation transcript:
A PPETD FET TURN AROUND STRATEGY PRESENTER : Dr Tholsia Naidoo Chairperson: APPETD DATE: 23 August 2013
APPETD’S Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, foresees increasing people’s knowledge, skills and competencies as one of the main growth engines to propel South Africa out of the present economic times and youth unemployment. Teachnical, Vocational education and training (TVET) plays a central role in South Africa’s response to the unparalleled socioeconomic and technological challenges facing it. TVET systems have to endow workers with the right mix of skills and competences, as preventing skill shortages will enable South Africa to achieve its full growth potential.
equip people with knowledge, know-how, skills and/or competences required on the labour market’ vocational education prepares participants for direct entry, without further training, into specific occupations. (OECD) means of preparing for occupational fields and for effective participation in the world of work (UNESCO/ILO) W HAT IS FET
Two forms can be distinguished: IVET, which is defined as being formal, taking place in education and training systems and is engaged in before entering working life;(SA: post school group) and CVET, which comprises all training activities after entry into working life and can be formal, non-formal or informal. (SA: Workplace) In SA : consider also the post grade 9.
Does the national strategy encompass all dimensions of FET? Are all dimensions considered in the DHET turnaround strategy? No Are the needs of each dimension clearly understood and articulated so that the strategy can focus on them more effectively Which group focus on occupational qualifications and which on NCV and which group are the apprenticeships? TVET is designed to prepare individuals for a vocation or a specialised occupation and so is directly linked with a nation’s productivity and competitiveness.
Conferences and workshops ETDPSETA FET Chamber HRDC Special Task Team on FET DHET Forums with the Public FET colleges APPETD FET Comm Some dots are connected!!!!
FET benefits can be grouped using a classical typology based on the nature of results. Two main categories can be identified: economic benefits and social benefits. Both can be analysed on three different levels: the micro level (the benefits for individuals); the meso level (benefits for enterprises/groups); and the macro level (benefits for society as a whole).
The main outcomes stressed by countries are higher participation on the labour market, lower unemployment, the opportunity to acquire a qualification for all categories which did not previously have one, and the chance to advance in a professional hierarchy. Through lifelong learning, individuals can improve their work opportunities and qualification levels. Higher remuneration offers new opportunities which lead to further economic and social outputs, such as economic autonomy, and can also enhance psychological well- being. All these factors ultimately impact individual productivity..
Enterprise performance Studies in European countries with the TVET focus showed: Most countries stressed the positive impact of training on company performance. Improved company productivity Improved organisation culture and technological innovation. Professional identity enables individuals to take control of their work life and also to influence conditions in the workplace due to the autonomy and problem-solving competences gained from TVET. Spin off improvement by having TVET professional enhances the skills of the colleagues around him.
**** Low economic benefits can create insignificant social outcomes or even negative ones. For example, a low participation rate in TVET can result in high unemployment which creates an unstable society. A well- implemented TVET system, which connects labour-market needs to TVET and considers new challenges in terms of changing job requirements, leads to life satisfaction which is directly linked to a stable society. (incredibly urgent and important that the SA TVET training should be targeted to increase employment and economic participation? Can we measure this?) … leads to social integration, which can be defined as the movement of disadvantaged groups of a society into its mainstream. Social integration is seen as the main return on labour market participation.
social returns: positive effects on intergenerational connections, better general health, and a safer environment. TVET can create a stimulating environment for children if their mothers participate in TVET. engaging youth in TVET programmes supports the prevention of unhealthy behaviour, such as smoking, alcohol or drug addiction, and reduces the incidence of delinquency
IndividualEmployerSociety Short Term Benefits Employment chances Earning levels Work satisfaction Drop out less likely from vocational than general courses (US data) Higher productivity from well trained workforce Saved costs from recruiting external skilled workers (incl. time for integration and risk of hiring a person not known to the company) Saved expenses for social benefits (unemployment as consequence of failed transition from education to work) Long Term Benefits Flexibility and mobility Lifelong learning (more likely to receive training and upgrade skills later in life) Supply benefits (e.g. image improvement) Less turnover (no need for re- training of new workers) Externalities from productivity gain due to better education Increase in tax income from higher earnings
Are the millions being spent into TVET yielding the benefits it highlighted? (SA measures: pass rates, drop out rate, ratio of enrollment to completing exams, throughput from first year to final year, absorption into jobs……) Great research in comparison studies in European countries on cost benefit analysis. The critical point of departure is to maxise the intent of TVET TVET is designed to prepare individuals for a vocation or a specialised occupation and so is directly linked with a nation’s productivity and competitiveness.
Across all research the effective strategy was to have an inclusive TVET – embracing the strengths of public and private. Whilst the intent is to build an effective public TVET should the strategy exclude the private strengths that can reach the TVET objectives as a country more efficiently and expediently. If we want to achieve in all the dimensions of TVET the following key concepts MUST be embraced: –Relevance of content - Participation of industry –Relation to industry - Absoption from industry –Quality focus - Mastery of teaching
Private Providers Full time higher education Full time FET Colleges Corporate training providers Small Consulting providers Specialist niche industry focus providers
Why the Need? Recent regulatory changes and amendments The displacement of private providers in the above. The reduction of employer mandatory funding and the changes on pivotal grants The urgent need to strengthen and grow the sector given the enormous need for TVET in South Africa. Support our members and enhance their business growth through APPETD Support members in quality framework which has proven to be ineffective in performing its function… the need to redefine quality of providers for business success.
The quality system as defined by the QC’s has failed us to date. How? How frequently has the Minister berated our industry and condemned the sector for misuse of funding. Should not all fingers be pointed at the QC’s who should have monitored the effective delivery and quality monitoring. Which country in the world would have invested millions of rands in a “college” that was just established or accredited to train 100’s of learners in seta funded programmes. This is the work of the SETA’s – we know of the serious compromises – we report many of them….but they still go on. BUT the biggest tragedy our industry gets blamed. Blaming the Seta’s means pointing fingers inwards…a difficult pill to swallow. Would it improve in the QCTO framework?
We going elitest!!! APPETD is creating its own quality standard that is based on six sigma – internationally renowned for quality excellence. Task team currently in training. This will be a quality label that sets the providers streaks ahead in the industry. This quality label will be worth having as it is based on driving business growth. Having improvement in six sigma will mean lean strategies, almost non existent defect. It will become an industry market driven requirement to boost the market share of member companies.
Turn Around Strategy Quality Standard Professionalizing of the sector Driving competencies to lead skills development Creation of private industry bursary funds Promote FET training based on recent provincial and national labour market statistics Promote PPP at FET level? Promote business links Research and Development- Building capacity