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Serious Group Offending The role of London CRC Young Adults; Serious Group Offending Restorative Justice Unit working with the Community Delphine Duff-

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Presentation on theme: "Serious Group Offending The role of London CRC Young Adults; Serious Group Offending Restorative Justice Unit working with the Community Delphine Duff-"— Presentation transcript:

1 Serious Group Offending The role of London CRC Young Adults; Serious Group Offending Restorative Justice Unit working with the Community Delphine Duff- London CRC Jennifer McDermott- Cassandra Learning Centre Diedre Johnson- Training and Consultancy Middlesex University Conference 5 th September 2014

2 Serious Group Offending London Probation Trust coined the phrase “ Serious Group Offending”- to encompass all aspects of the offending and related behaviours and harms associated with gangs. (accepted within CRC Serious Group Offending; young Adult and Restorative Justice Unit 2014)

3 Serious Group Offending; Young Person and Restorative Justice Unit rationale Long term developing problem in London Concentration of offenders aged Need to identify and build on work already achieved

4 London Gang Profile 3,495 gang members – 224 gangs 2,480 (71%) live in community – 1000 in custody, 300 subject to judicial orders 70% aged yrs old 97% male 77% BME ( Trident Gang Crime Command 2014)

5 Pan London Serious Group Offending (SGO) Caseload Profile 1,827 cases across both NPS and CRC organisations Currently 616 cases (34%) CRC-managed Ethnicity breakdown – please see table in next slide CRC service user overall age range: 17yrs – 47yrs 610 Males (99%); Females 6 (1%) (Predominant age range is18-27yrs. This accounts for 531 service users)

6 Pan London Serious Group Offending (SGO) Caseload Profile The pre-dominant ethnicity types Black African and Black Caribbean account for over half (55.5%) of total ethnicities represented

7 Risk Management Considerations Demographic profiling Hotspot Areas Cross Border Tensions Housing Local Rivalries Offending Profile Crimenogenic vs Protective factors Information Sharing

8 Hierarchy of Needs

9 What will the unit be involved in? Developing SGO SPOC roles and responsibilities Develop and Review London Gang Profile Co work SGO cases Devise programmes and other initiatives Co ordinate local responses to SGO issues Develop “Best Practice” toolkit for staff

10 What we will be involved in cont... SGO Unit Interventions: CRC Intranet Gang Screening Tool Gang registration - DELIUS SGO Guidance for staff Pan London Mapping gang profile programmes Exit Programme – available in Greenwich; Lewisham; Croydon; Hackney; Restorative Justice- being designed to address SGO related conflict

11 EXIT- The Intensive Alternative to Custody Opportunity for Young Men 18-25

12 Background London Probation Trust had a young adult population of 6159 offenders which represented 15.1% of the caseload. Research shows that programmes that keep people out of custody are both beneficial to the offender and cost effective to the state. This is particularly the case for young adults who have been shown to respond best to intensive programme. Mentoring has been shown to be effective in reducing crime. EXIT programme was coordinated centrally through the LPT SGO unit- now transferred to CRC Unit

13 What is Exit? An intensive order which provides structure and enables a young person to develop commitment and motivation a model should be flexible, responsive, reflect local needs and therefore tailored specifically for the individual person In addition, all service users will be provided with individual mentoring and access to social pathways to promote and develop life skills and support to achieve full re-integration into the community. Currently being piloted in 4 Boroughs: Greenwich, Lewisham, Hackney and Croydon extended from November to - Camden and Islington; Hammersmith and Fulham; Kensington and Chelsea

14 Who is it aimed at? The Exit programme targets male offenders Aged Must be facing immediate custody There is credible intelligence that they are either gang affiliated or at significant risk of becoming gang involved.

15 What does it involve.... The Exit Programme has three elements and must include at least one Punishment Requirement and the Supervision Rehabilitation Requirement. Punishment Specialist Intensive Community Payback (min of 15 hours a week, no more than 120 hours duration) Attendance Centres Control Exclusion Zone Curfew Rehabilitation Supervision Programme Specified Activity and/ or referral to community organisation

16 TO DATE 60 young men engaged in EXIT 5 young men known to have “exited” gang lifestyle 3 young men now volunteering with Social Pathways A number have greatly improved employability status EXIT received Howard League Award

17 Contact Details Contact Persons: Strategic Managers : Andrew Hillas and Patsy Wollaston Assistant Chief Officers Operations Manager : Delphine Duff Senior Probation Officer Location: Mitre House, Borough High Street

18 CASSANDRA LEARNING CENTRE

19 We are a charity that addresses domestic abuse in adolescent and young adult relationships (aged yrs) through: Raising awareness of domestic abuse amongst young people; Educating young people about healthy relationships; Raising awareness of domestic abuse amongst services and professionals working with young people. Who is Cassandra Learning Centre and what we do?

20 According to a government definition, domestic violence is "Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial or emotional) between adults who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members, regardless of gender or sexuality.“ But this doesn’t even account for teenage DV. Other definitions, that do, include: sexual exploitation and group affiliated behaviour What is Domestic Violence?

21 For every hour, as many as 115 children are abused 90% of children from violent homes witness their fathers beating their mothers Children in homes where violence occurs are physically abused or neglected at a rate 1500% higher than the national average Nationally 75% of battered women say their children are physically or sexually abused More than half of the children abductions in this country occur within the context of domestic violence More than two women a week are killed as a result of domestic violence. Grim facts…

22 Sexual exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people (or a third person or persons) receive ‘something’ (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affection, gifts, money) as a result of them performing, and/or another or others performing on them, sexual activities. Department for Education Department for Education Sexual Exploitation

23 ……… is a particularly disturbing form of abuse with terrible consequences for victims. The majority are forced into prostitution, alcohol and or drug addiction; they often become involved in street crime, lead lives as domestic servants and suffer other forms of exploitation Effects

24 2012 Barnardos services worked with 1,452 children and young people who had been sexually exploited. sexual exploitation of girls in gangs is a very, very, very serious problem. There is no distinction between upbringing, age, ethnicity, social class or ability. Sex is a weapon just like guns and knives, says child safety expert (Professor Jenny Pearce) A cause for concern

25 These girls don’t tell, they don’t complain, they don’t report to the police. It’s just what happens. Once a girl has had sex with a gang member, forced or otherwise, as far as the other boys are concerned, she has no right to refuse sex under any circumstances ever again. Girls are used, abused and discarded like a piece of meat.” 13-year-old boys raping 18-year-old girls. Any boy, whatever age, even a 12-year-old, is above a girl in a gang. Quotes …

26 “ It was only once we moved in together and I was invested in the relationship that he began to become violent. It took all the support of my friends, family, the police and a woman’s refuge to get me out,” She met her then boyfriend when she was just 18 years old. Often young people are unaware their relationship is abusive and instead considers it a sign of affection when their partner becomes obsessive and controlling, leading to abuse in all its form. Case Study 1

27 “ It was only once we moved in together and I was invested in the relationship that he began to become violent. It took all the support of my friends, family, the police and a woman’s refuge to get me out,” She met her then boyfriend when she was just 18 years old. Often young people are unaware their relationship is abusive and instead considers it a sign of affection when their partner becomes obsessive and controlling, leading to abuse in all its form. Case Study 1

28 I was referred to Cassandra Learning Centre my College tutor. At the time she made the referral I was contemplating suicide as an escape from the humiliation of my family. The emotional abuse was constant and unbearable, they treated me like a leaper, and I became distressed and isolated from my friends. My college work began to suffer as a result; I became homeless for a short period: I had Social workers but that wasn’t working either. I first met with someone from Cassandra Learning Centre who became my support worker: She drew up an action plan with me: She re-assured me that she would do everything she could for my voice to be heard. I was referred for one to one counselling, until I was in a much better place. Cassandra Learning Centre advocates on my behalf every step of the way: They faced challenges from my family but they never left me. I have been in my flat now, for two years: It has not easy, I am coping thanks the help and support of this organisation. I am still in contact with the organisation. They still pick me up when I fall. They work with young men: I was 17 years and I was not doing well. Thank you Cassandra Learning Centre. Case Study 3

29 D Johnson Training & Consultancy Ltd Working in Partnership to deliver a Black Self Development/Identity Programme to serious group offenders in HM Prisons

30 Rationale for BSD Programme People from BME communities are over-represented at almost all stages of the criminal justice process, disproportionately targeted by the police, more likely to be imprisoned and more likely to be imprisoned for longer than white British people. (IRR) 21,543 prisoners, was from a minority ethnic group. Out of the British national prison population, 11% are black and 6% are Asian. Overall black prisoners account for the largest number of minority ethnic prisoners (50%). At the end of June 2012, 29% of minority ethnic prisoners were foreign nationals. According to the Equality and Human Rights Commission, there is now greater disproportionality in the number of black people in prisons in the UK than in the United States. (Prison Reform Trust).

31 The BSD Programme The Black Self Development Programme started in 2001 as a result of a successful 2 year pilot,delivered in partnership with London Probation Service; buisness partners and NGOs, for black offenders under supervision or on Licence. Subsequently the programme was delivered to young people engaged with 11 youth offending teams across central London.

32 Prisons delivered in HMP Brixton. HMP Bullingdon HMP Huntercombe. HMP Aylesbury HMP Pentonville HMP The Mount Successfully achieving 75% in retention and qualifications.

33 Theoretical Underpinning The BSD programme ‘s components are informed by humanistic, control and experiential learning theories. The Project is unique in its approach – using an accredited cognitive Social and Life Skills culturally based programme. It explores issues of identity, aspirations, motivation, discrimination and black history. Written from a black perspective, the programme has the advantages of re-educating, motivating and challenging black offenders to redress their offending behaviour, explore their culture, experiences, attitude and lifestyle in order for them to develop a positive self image and move progressively towards disengaging from criminal activities. The embedded Skills for Life component of the programme is accredited by the London Open College Network.

34 Some of the contents covered Knowing my roots Taking charge of my past Black people’s migration to Britain Accepting responsibility for my offending How to change my behaviour Understanding my family/community. Sexual health and drug/alcohol abuse issues

35 Exercise Terry’s Story Case Study

36 How do we define Community? What are our expectations? How do we engage “Communities in our work”? How can we all work together to effectively address SGO- gang related activity So......the answers are in the questions we ask ourselves and others...

37 Thank You


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