Presentation on theme: "Stem Changing Verbs ~ Present Tense ~. Review *Remember = To conjugate most verbs in the present tense you simply take off the last two letters and add."— Presentation transcript:
Stem Changing Verbs ~ Present Tense ~
Review *Remember = To conjugate most verbs in the present tense you simply take off the last two letters and add the new ending.
Endings AR ER IR oamosoemosoimos asáiseséisesís aaneeneen
Stem Changing Verbs For some verbs, however, a spelling change is required before conjugating it. The spelling change is in the stem (not the ending) = Therefore they are called “stem changing verbs”
For example, remember how to conjugate the verb “Jugar”? Jugar = (u ue) JuegoJugamos JuegasJugáis JuegaJuegan * Notice = Which 2 forms DO NOT have the stem change?
When working with Stem Changing Verbs, there is a stem change in all of the forms except : NOSOTROS and VOSOTROS An easy way to remember this is that you can draw a shoe around the forms that DO have a stem change:
“Shoe Verbs” An easy way to remember this is that you can draw a shoe around the forms that DO have a stem change: Jugar = (u ue) JuegoJugamos JuegasJugáis JuegaJuegan
Stem Changes There are 3 main types of stem changes: o ue e ie e i *u ue (very uncommon)
O UE 1.Poder = to be able to, can 2.Volver = to return 3.Probar = to try 4.Recordar = to remember 5.Costar = to cost
E IE 1.Cerrar = to close 2.Comenzar = to start 3.Empezar = to start 4.Pensar = to think 5.Recomendar = to recommend 6.Querer = to want
E I 1.Pedir = to request 2.Servir = to serve 3.Repetir = to repeat 4.Competir = to compete 5.Decir = to say, to tell (*Yo = digo)
*U UE 1.Jugar = to play
Práctica Yo (encontrar) el libro que busco. encuentro ¿Tú (jugar) al fútbol? juegas Nosotros (dormir) en el hotel. dormimos
Práctica Can I go to the restroom? At what time do your parents return? What do you think? My brother says “No.” I close my eyes and I sleep.