psychlotron.org.uk Routine activity theory Crimes occur when three circumstances coincide: – A motivated offender – A suitable (and vulnerable) victim – Absence of a capable guardian Criminal offences are an extension of the offender’s normal activities, so will occur in places the offender makes regular use of
psychlotron.org.uk Circle theory of environmental range A circle drawn to encompass all the crimes in a series is likely to contain the offender’s base (Canter & Larkin, 1993). Where should the police look for the offender responsible for the cluster between the underground line and Durnsford road?
psychlotron.org.uk Timing of offences Information about geographical location of crimes becomes more useful when combined with information about when offences occurred.
Crimes around Manchester University J F M A M J J A S O N D Street robbery Burglary How can we explain the fluctuations in different crimes over the year?
Mental maps How accurate is your map of Birmingham? How does your map reflect your experiences and perspective?
psychlotron.org.uk Mental maps Individuals construct mental maps of the areas they know. – These are not absolutely accurate. They embody the person’s experience and perspective on the area. – The distribution of linked offences may reflect the offender’s mental map of the area
psychlotron.org.uk How many different ways might geographical profiling contribute to police work? What issues may make geographical profiling difficult and/or misleading?