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ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Three: Chapter 16 adept presumptuous encompass sordid entrepreneur standardize eradicate stint homogeneousstringent

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 adept Adept means A. skillful. B. profitable. C. awkward. People enjoy visiting my parents, who are adept at making guests feel welcome and at home. Justin is an adept liar. He always looks so innocent and sincere that everyone believes his lies. – adjective

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 adept Adept means A. skillful. B. profitable. C. awkward. People enjoy visiting my parents, who are adept at making guests feel welcome and at home. Justin is an adept liar. He always looks so innocent and sincere that everyone believes his lies. If people enjoy visiting the parents, the parents must be skillful at making guests feel welcome. If everyone believes Justin’s lies, he must be a skillful liar. – adjective

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 encompass Encompass means A. to suggest. B. to omit. C. to include. Our history teacher’s broad knowledge of the subject encompasses details of life in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Tomorrow’s test will be difficult because it encompasses all the material covered this semester. – verb A valley that encompasses a small village

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 encompass Encompass means A. to suggest. B. to omit. C. to include. Our history teacher’s broad knowledge of the subject encompasses details of life in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Tomorrow’s test will be difficult because it encompasses all the material covered this semester. – verb A broad knowledge of history would include knowledge of the details of life in ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. The test will include all the material covered this semester. A valley that encompasses a small village

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 entrepreneur Entrepreneur means A. a business investor. B. an overconfident person. C. a conformist. Glenville has no shopping center, but the city is growing so quickly that smart entrepreneurs are sure to start up new businesses there soon. My ten-year-old neighbor is already an entrepreneur. He set up a lemonade stand last summer and sold homemade cookies at Halloween. – noun

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 entrepreneur Entrepreneur means A. a business investor. B. an overconfident person. C. a conformist. Glenville has no shopping center, but the city is growing so quickly that smart entrepreneurs are sure to start up new businesses there soon. My ten-year-old neighbor is already an entrepreneur. He set up a lemonade stand last summer and sold homemade cookies at Halloween. – noun New businesses would be started by business investors. Someone who sets up a lemonade stand in the summer and sells homemade cookies at Halloween is a (small) business investor.

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT In recent years, smallpox has been eradicated—the first time in history that humans have been able to wipe out a disease. What makes so many people feel they must eradicate all signs of aging? Why should we have to get rid of our wrinkles and gray hair? 4 eradicate Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Eradicate means A. to reveal. B. to regulate strictly. C. to erase. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT In recent years, smallpox has been eradicated—the first time in history that humans have been able to wipe out a disease. What makes so many people feel they must eradicate all signs of aging? Why should we have to get rid of our wrinkles and gray hair? 4 eradicate Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Eradicate means A. to reveal. B. to regulate strictly. C. to erase. – verb The words wipe out suggest that eradicate means “to erase.” Similarly, in the second item, the words get rid of suggest that eradicate means “to erase.”

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Homogeneous means A. strictly controlled. B. the same throughout. C. of high quality. 5 homogeneous The student body at the local college appears quite homogeneous, but there are significant social and economic differences among the students. “Homogenized” milk has been made homogeneous. This means that it’s treated so it will be of uniform consistency, rather than having the cream rise to the top. – adjective

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Homogeneous means A. strictly controlled. B. the same throughout. C. of high quality. 5 homogeneous The student body at the local college appears quite homogeneous, but there are significant social and economic differences among the students. “Homogenized” milk has been made homogeneous. This means that it’s treated so it will be of uniform consistency, rather than having the cream rise to the top. – adjective In spite of the significant differences among the students, the student body appears to be the same throughout. If homogenized milk has a uniform consistency, it is the same throughout.

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Presumptuous means A. too forward. B. skilled. C. cautious. It was presumptuous of Eric to announce his engagement to Phyllis before she had actually agreed to marry him. If you ask personal questions at a job interview, you’ll be considered presumptuous. So, for example, don’t ask the interviewer, “What are they paying you?” 6 presumptuous – adjective

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Presumptuous means A. too forward. B. skilled. C. cautious. It was presumptuous of Eric to announce his engagement to Phyllis before she had actually agreed to marry him. If you ask personal questions at a job interview, you’ll be considered presumptuous. So, for example, don’t ask the interviewer, “What are they paying you?” 6 presumptuous – adjective Since Phyllis had not actually agreed to marry Eric, Eric was being too forward by announcing their engagement. The second item gives an example of a question that will make you seem too forward if you ask it at a job interview.

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Sordid means A. proud. B. ugly. C. natural. Supermarket tabloids sell well because many people want to know the sordid details of celebrities’ addictions and messy divorces. The reformed criminal now lectures at high schools on how to avoid the mistakes that led him into a sordid life as a drug dealer. 7 sordid – adjective

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Sordid means A. proud. B. ugly. C. natural. Supermarket tabloids sell well because many people want to know the sordid details of celebrities’ addictions and messy divorces. The reformed criminal now lectures at high schools on how to avoid the mistakes that led him into a sordid life as a drug dealer. 7 sordid – adjective The details of celebrities’ addictions and messy divorces are ugly. A drug dealer’s life is corrupt and ugly.

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Standardize means A. to do away with. B. to make the same. C. to vary. When the company standardized its pay scale, the salary for each type of job became identical throughout all the departments. If Jamila begins selling her homemade soup, she’ll have to standardize the ingredients. Now she just puts in whatever she has on hand, so the soup is never the same from one day to the next. 8 standardize – verb

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Standardize means A. to do away with. B. to make the same. C. to vary. When the company standardized its pay scale, the salary for each type of job became identical throughout all the departments. If Jamila begins selling her homemade soup, she’ll have to standardize the ingredients. Now she just puts in whatever she has on hand, so the soup is never the same from one day to the next. 8 standardize – verb If the salary for each type of job became identical, the company must have made its pay scale the same throughout all departments. In contrast with the soup never being the same from day to day, Jamila will have to make the ingredients the same every day.

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Stint means A. a length of time. B. a risky undertaking. C. future work. My stint serving hamburgers and fries at a fast-food restaurant convinced me that I needed to get a college degree. After traveling during her stint in the Navy, Alise wanted a job that would let her continue to see the world. 9 stint – noun

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Stint means A. a length of time. B. a risky undertaking. C. future work. My stint serving hamburgers and fries at a fast-food restaurant convinced me that I needed to get a college degree. After traveling during her stint in the Navy, Alise wanted a job that would let her continue to see the world. 9 stint – noun Spending a length of time serving hamburgers would convince one to get a college degree. Alise spent a length of time in the Navy.

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Stringent means A. different. B. flexible. C. demanding. 10 stringent Ms. Jasper has the most stringent standards in the English department. Passing her course is difficult; getting an A is next to impossible. Elected officials should be held to a stringent code of ethics, requiring them to avoid even the appearance of wrongdoing. – adjective

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Stringent means A. different. B. flexible. C. demanding. 10 stringent Ms. Jasper has the most stringent standards in the English department. Passing her course is difficult; getting an A is next to impossible. Elected officials should be held to a stringent code of ethics, requiring them to avoid even the appearance of wrongdoing. – adjective If passing Ms. Japser’s course is difficult, she must have demanding standards. A requirement to avoid even the appearance of wrongdoing would be part of a demanding code of ethics.

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.It takes years of study and practice to become __________ at acupuncture. 1.It’s ____________ of Amy to assume she’s got the job when others are still being interviewed. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. adeptB. encompassC. entrepreneurD. eradicateE.homogeneous F. presumptuousG. sordidH. standardizeI. stintJ.stringent

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.It takes years of study and practice to become __________ at acupuncture. 1.It’s ____________ of Amy to assume she’s got the job when others are still being interviewed. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. adeptB. encompassC. entrepreneurD. eradicateE.homogeneous F. presumptuousG. sordidH. standardizeI. stintJ.stringent presumptuous adept Amy is being overly confident if she assumes she has the job while candidates are still being interviewed. To become highly skilled at acupuncture takes years of study and practice.

25 4.My grandfather held many jobs during his life. He even did a(n) ________ as a circus performer. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Joyce and Steven’s adopted son was abused in an earlier home. They’re working hard to __________ the lingering effects on him of that experience. 3.In the novel Oliver Twist, innocent young Oliver falls into the hands of a gang of pickpockets, who teach him their __________ trade. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. adeptB. encompassC. entrepreneurD. eradicateE.homogeneous F. presumptuousG. sordidH. standardizeI. stintJ.stringent

26 4.My grandfather held many jobs during his life. He even did a __________ as a circus performer. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Joyce and Steven’s adopted son was abused in an earlier home. They’re working hard to __________ the lingering effects on him of that experience. 3.In the novel Oliver Twist, innocent young Oliver falls into the hands of a gang of pickpockets, who teach him their __________ trade. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. adeptB. encompassC. entrepreneurD. eradicateE.homogeneous F. presumptuousG. sordidH. standardizeI. stintJ.stringent sordid stint eradicate Picking pockets is a morally low trade. The grandfather did a specific period of work as a circus performer. Joyce and Steven would want to wipe out the effects of abuse on him.

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.The articles in our small newspaper __________ local and statewide news, but not national or international events. 6.The town is so close-knit and __________ that newcomers feel out of place. Many of the residents are even related to each other. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. adeptB. encompassC. entrepreneurD. eradicateE.homogeneous F. presumptuousG. sordidH. standardizeI. stintJ.stringent

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.The articles in our small newspaper __________ local and statewide news, but not national or international events. 6.The town is so close-knit and ____________ that newcomers feel out of place. Many of the residents are even related to each other. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. adeptB. encompassC. entrepreneurD. eradicateE.homogeneous F. presumptuousG. sordidH. standardizeI. stintJ.stringent homogeneous encompass If newcomers feel out of place, the residents must be similar throughout. The newspaper articles include local and statewide news, but not national or international events.

29 9.Ramon has just opened an auto repair shop. Now that he’s a(n) __________, he can join the National Association for the Self-Employed. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.My sister applied to several colleges, some with very high admission standards for their students and others with less __________ requirements. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. adeptB. encompassC. entrepreneurD. eradicateE.homogeneous F. presumptuousG. sordidH. standardizeI. stintJ.stringent 10.Should the high-school curriculum be _______(e)d throughout the state? Or should each school district be free to design its own courses?

30 10.Should the high-school curriculum be __________ throughout the state? Or should each school district be free to design its own courses? 9.Ramon has just opened an auto repair shop. Now that he’s an ____________, he can join the National Association for the Self-Employed. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.My sister applied to several colleges, some with very high admission standards for their students and others with less __________ requirements. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. adeptB. encompassC. entrepreneurD. eradicateE.homogeneous F. presumptuousG. sordidH. standardizeI. stintJ.stringent The words very high…standards suggest strictly controlled requirements. Ramon organizes and takes the risk of the auto repair shop. If each district designs its own courses, the curriculum would not be consistent throughout the state. standardized entrepreneur stringent


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