20After that, the Prophet (SAWS) learned that the Jews of Banu-Quraydhah, who lived close to Al-Madînah, wanted to break the treaty between them.
21So the Prophet recalled five hundred men from his army to guard the women and the children In Al-Madînah.
22When the Muslims knew of Banu-Quraydhah's intentions, their fear and concerns increased because the enemy was now surrounding them from the outside and the inside.
23Allah Almighty granted His Messenger (SAWS) someone who went through the enemy lines, dividing them through deception and tricks, until they became hopeless and feared each other.
24Allah Almighty sent upon them a cold wind on a dark night, which extinguished their fires, and blew away their cooking utensils.
25They left that night, and Allah Almighty ended this hardship in which allies from the Arabs and the Jews got together against the Muslims.
26This incident occurred between the months of Shawwâl and Thul-Qi`dah of the fifth year A.H.. Six Muslims were martyred and three disbelievers were killed.
27When the Prophet (SAWS) returned, he did not take off his armor until he besieged Banu-Qurayzah for their betrayal and for breaking their treaty.
28This siege lasted for 25 nights, until they those inside were about to perish.
29They found no other way out except to surrender and accept whatever the Prophet (SAWS) ruled.
30They agreed to the ruling of their master Sa`d ibn Mu`âdh.
31He ruled for the killing of the men, the enslavement of women and children, and for taking over their property.
32The men were locked up in the homes of Al-Ansâr until they were executed in special trenches. There were about seven hundred men.
33This way, Allah has saved the Muslims from the evil of being neighbors to their enemies. Allah is the All-Mighty, All-Able of Retribution.
34 The Expedition of Hudaybiyah and its Treaty
35The Prophet (SAWS) stayed in Al-Madînah after the battle of the trench for the rest of the year 5 A.H.
36In the sixth year, he set off for Banu-Lihyân, who had killed `Âsim ibn Thâbit and his companions. He found that they had dispersed.
37Then, he set off to the tribe of Dhu Qarad in retaliation for their attack on the Prophet’s (SAWS) camels.
38The enemy ran away after some light fighting that did not last for long.
39Then, he (SAWS) set off to Banu Al-Mustaliq, when he knew that they were preparing to fight him.
40The Prophet (SAWS) defeated them and gained from them spoils of money and slaves.
41Then, in the month of Thul-Qi`dah of that year (11th month of year 6 A Then, in the month of Thul-Qi`dah of that year (11th month of year 6 A.H.), the Prophet (SAWS) set off to Makkah for `Umrah (minor pilgrimage), and one thousand five hundred of the Muhâjirîn and the Ansâr set off with him.
42He (SAWS) took with him the Hady (animals for sacrifice) so that people would know that he did not set out intending war.
43The Prophet (SAWS) ordered his companions not to take any weapons with them, except for swords bound in their sheaths, in order not to enter the Holy Mosque with bare swords.
44The Prophet (SAWS) traveled with his people until they reached `Asfân, which is a place on the road to Makkah.
45Someone came up and told the Prophet (SAWS) that Quraysh decided to stop the Muslims from entering Makkah, and that they had prepared for war.
46They also sent out Khâled ibn ul-Walîd with two hundred horsemen to prevent the Muslims from advancing.
47So, the Muslims took another route to Makkah from the South of the city, until they reached the valley of Al-Hudaybiyah.
48Al-Hudaybiyah is a well near Makkah, after which the valley was named Al-Hudaybiyah is a well near Makkah, after which the valley was named. The Prophet’s camel knelt down there, and he (SAWS) ordered his companions to make camp.
49At that time, a messenger from Quraysh came to learn why the Muslims had come. The Prophet (SAWS) told him of his intention.
50When the messenger went back to Quraysh, they did not trust him, so they sent out another one who saw the sacrificial animals and heard the Talbiyah (saying: "Labbayka-llâhumma Labbayk" =Allah, I came to answer Your call).
51So he went back to Quraysh, and said, “These people came for `Umrah and they should not be prevented.
52It is not acceptable that others like (the tribes of) Lakhm, Gudhâm, and Himyar can make the Pilgrimage, while the son of `Abdul-Mutalib (he meant the Prophet PBUH) is forbidden from the House.”
53Quraysh did not listen to him and they sent a third messenger who witnessed how deeply the companions of the Messenger (SAWS) respect and love him, so he came back to Quraysh and talked to them about what he saw.
54He said, “By Allah, I never saw a king among his people (i. e He said, “By Allah, I never saw a king among his people (i.e. so respected and so loved) like Muhammad among his companions.”
55So the people discussed the matter together, and decided to prevent the Muslims from entering Makkah this year, but allow them next year.
56Then the Prophet (SAWS) sent `Uthmân ibn Affân to them, under the sponsorship (protection) of a man from Banu Ummaya, in order to tell them of his intention.
57Ten of the Muslims set off with him to visit their relatives in Makkah Ten of the Muslims set off with him to visit their relatives in Makkah. Quraysh said, “Muhammad will never enter upon us by force, and without our permission.”
58Quraysh then prevented `Uthmân ibn Affân (RA) and those who accompanied him from returning.
59A rumor spread among the Muslims that `Uthmân ibn `Affân (R. A A rumor spread among the Muslims that `Uthmân ibn `Affân (R.A.) was killed.
60So the Prophet (SAWS) asked his companions to grant him a pledge of allegiance with the intention of fighting.
61They all pledged on fighting They all pledged on fighting. This happened under a tree that was later called the tree of Ar-Ridwân (Allegiance).
62This pledge was also called the Pledge of Ar-Ridwân This pledge was also called the Pledge of Ar-Ridwân. The polytheists sent out their spies. The Muslims caught twelve of them as prisoners of war.
63When Quraysh heard of this pledge, they were worried, so they sent an envoy to the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) to negotiate a reconciliation treaty with him.
64After they let go of `Uthmân (RA) and those who were with him, and after the Muslims let go of their prisoners, they agreed with them on four conditions: