4Pattern Making Process Create a pattern for a garment or an apparel product.Consider the design details.Select the materials (fabrication and trims)Construct the sample (prototype)Fit, revise and finalize the sampleCreate an apparel technical design packPrepare pattern for mass production
5Creating a PatternDesigners begin by creating a2D or 3D pattern, utilizing one or more of the pattern making methods:FlatDraftingReversed EngineeredDrapingComputer Generated
6Types of 2D Pattern Making Methods Flat Pattern- A pattern is created by using an existing foundation pattern known as a sloper or a block.Sloper (Home Sewing Industry term) or Block (Apparel Manufacturing Industry term) - custom fitted basic pattern based on individual or companies standard size measurements from which other patterns can be made.
7Types of 2D Pattern Making Methods Drafting a Pattern- Patterns are created by using measurements of an existing garment, an individual, or body form. Pattern is then drawn on paper utilizing the body measurements.Drafting a Pattern: You Tube VideoReverse Engineering a Pattern- Patterns are created by deconstructing an existing garment. It is taken apart, analyzed, and new pattern pieces are created.
8Types of 3D Pattern Making Methods Draping- A garment is created by molding, cutting, and pinning fabric on an individual or a dress form. It is the oldest method of pattern making.Computer Generated Patterns- Computer-aided design (CAD) software is used to produce patterns for textiles, apparel and other products.Image Source:
10Consider Design Details Kimono Sleeve Types: With Gusset, Dolman, BatwingPant Styles: Tapered, Straight, Flared, Jean, Palazzo, Harem, Bermuda Shorts, and Short Shorts,Other Pant Styles Include: Gauchos, knickers, and CulottesRaglan Sleeve Types: Raglan to center front, Raglan-Princess, and Saddle Sleeve DesignJacket Styles: Trench, Blazer, Fitted, Tuxedo, Cardigan, Parka, Poncho, Cape, Safari, Pea, Windbreaker, Norfolk, Chanel, Bolero, and BoxSkirt Styles: Straight, A-line, Flared, Circular, Full, Pleated, Gathered, Dirndl, Gored, Umbrella, and WrapPockets- Patch, Inseam, Welt, Flap
11Selecting The Materials and Costing Once a design is created and the pattern is engineered, the materials (fabrication and trims) are sourced. (Consider wholesale vs. retail when sourcing materials.) Other variables may include: labor, logistics, tariffs, shipping costs etc.Preliminary costing is completed to insure profitability.Costing Considerations- fabrics, trims, design details, and labor costs.
12Construct the SampleSample garments (prototypes) are created by sample makers.Sample makers must be skilled in a variety of sewing construction techniques.They work closely to insure fit and design integrity.Fashion fabric is used to create a sample garment.
13FIT, REVISE, AND FINALIZE THE PATTERN Use a mannequin or a live model to check the fit and styling of the sample garment.Revise garment fit until it is correct.Photo Source: gardnerstreetvintage.tumblr.com
14Apparel Design Technical Pack The Apparel Design Technical (Tech) Packs are created after the sample garment has been finalized.Create Your Own Tech Pack- You Tube VideoThe tech packs are specific information about the design and should include the following:1. Detailed flat sketch with front and back views. Should include topstitching, pocket and button placement, placement of contrast fabrications, hem and band widths, label placement etc.
15Apparel Design Technical Pack 2. Directions for any special fabric direction or matching. For example borders, napped fabric etc.3. Any special seam allowances, decorative or standard topstitching, stitch length, thread type and color.4. Include samples of fabrics and trims. Clearly indicate what is Self, Contrast, Trim, and Lining fabrics.5. Measurement details.6. Care Instructions for labeling7. Color details and season information
16Sample of an Apparel Design Technical Pack Date-Designer-Season-Style #-Technical Sketch- include design and construction detailsBody MeasurementsHardware and TrimFabrication and ColorCare Label InformationCommentsSwatch of Fabrics
17Prepare Pattern For Mass Production Once a sample pattern has been approved for size, costing, availability of materials, and potential profit; it is used for production samples and samples for sales promotion.The approved pattern is graded into smaller and larger sizes usually by computer but can be done by hand.Final fabric selections and trims are ordered by suppliers.