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World War I An Industrialized War The Balkan Powder Keg Serbian nationalists wanted to unite Serbs in the Balkans Serbian nationalists wanted to unite.

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Presentation on theme: "World War I An Industrialized War The Balkan Powder Keg Serbian nationalists wanted to unite Serbs in the Balkans Serbian nationalists wanted to unite."— Presentation transcript:

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3 World War I An Industrialized War

4 The Balkan Powder Keg Serbian nationalists wanted to unite Serbs in the Balkans Serbian nationalists wanted to unite Serbs in the Balkans – Create a Slavic state – Austria-Hungary opposed this effort Austria- Hungary annexed Bosnia- Herzegovina Austria- Hungary annexed Bosnia- Herzegovina – Large number of Serbs – Angered Serbian nationalists

5 The Spark Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism June, 28, 1914: Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip, Assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungary in Sarajevo

6 Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family

7 The Assassination: Sarajevo

8 The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip Gavrilo Princip

9 THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM TRIGGERED ? ? Austria- Hungary declares war on Serbia Russia mobilizes army to the border with A-H Germany declares war on Russia Germany declares war on France Great Britain declares war on Germany

10 Outbreak of War Austria-Hungary blames Serbia for death of Archduke and makes harsh demands Serbia refused to comply with demands Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia (July ) Russia moves troops to border with Austria and Germany Germany declares war on Russia Germany declares war on France Germany invades Belgium as part of plan to invade France (August 3, 1914) Great Britain declares war on Germany

11 The Schlieffen Plan

12 The Allied PowersThe Central Powers Germany Austria Hungary Ottoman Empire Russi a Great Britain France United States U.S. joined the war in 1917

13 A Multi-Front War Western Front – Across Belgium and N. France to Swiss border Eastern Front – Baltic to Black Sea Africa and the Middle East

14 Trench Warfare Both sides dug deep Trenches along the front Both sides dug deep Trenches along the front – Trenches along the front provided protection from bullets and artillery shells – Support trenches behind the lines provided first aid, supplies, and headquarters wwone/launch_vt_dugout_int.shtml wwone/launch_vt_frontline.shtml wwone/launch_vt_dugout_ext.shtml

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20 Trench Warfare No Man’s Land No Man’s Land – Area between Trenches – Military leaders sent “men over the top” in an attempt to take the other sides trenches – Men had to cross no man’s land while being shelled and shot at by machine guns

21 Trench Warfare Trenches were dug in a zig-zag pattern so that they could not be easily taken by intruding enemies Aerial view of a trench system(1917)

22 Trench Warfare  Each trench had a listening post at the end, where men would sit at night and listen for any sounds.

23 Trench Warfare  Flooding was a constant problem and this led to numerous cases of rat infestation

24 Trench Warfare Stalemate Stalemate – Neither side was able to make any major advances on the enemy trenches – lead to fighting a war of attrition Cause large numbers of causalities so the enemy gets tired of fighting

25 New Weapons and Technology The Machine Gun The Machine Gun

26 New Weapons and Technology Airplanes and Zeppelins Airplanes and Zeppelins

27 The Zeppelin

28 New Weapons and Technology The Tank The Tank

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31 New Weapons and Technology Poison Gas Poison Gas

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33 New Weapons and Technology Submarines (U-Boats) Submarines (U-Boats)


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