Presentation on theme: "Felix Schaber. Outline The beginning of Trench Warfare Weapons of Trench Warfare Life in the Trenches Strategies to break through the enemy lines."— Presentation transcript:
Outline The beginning of Trench Warfare Weapons of Trench Warfare Life in the Trenches Strategies to break through the enemy lines and defend their own Facts and figures
The beginning of Trench Warfare 3rd August, 1914, German troops crossed the Belgian border in the narrow gap between Holland and France. Germans are quickly victorious over the Belgians The French an British are defeated at Sambre (22nd August) and Mons (23rd August). The German army marches for Paris but is unable to break through due to a French counterattack (Battle of the Marne 4th to 10th September) The German commander, General Erich von Falkenhayn, decided that his troops must hold onto those parts of France and Belgium that Germany still occupied. Falkenhayn ordered his men to dig trenches that would provide them with protection from the advancing French and British troops. The Allies soon realized that they could not break through this line and they also began to dig trenches. After a few months these trenches had spread from the North Sea to the Swiss Frontier. For the next three years neither side advanced more than a few miles along this line that became known as the Western Front.
Artillery Essential for any attack Shaped the landscape at the Western Front Fragmentation, highly explosive and gas shells German 420 mm howitzer: Weight: 20 tons Could fire a one-ton shell over 10 km
Gas Mustard gas Chlorine Phosgene 85% of the 100,000 deaths caused by chemical weapons during World War I Gas masks: Urinating over a handkerchief Later developed Not very effective due to countermeasures