Nationalism Nations who wanted back land that had natives living there (France and Russia) Areas that wanted to gain national independence from countries that had engulfed their culture (Czechs and Poles)
Artillery Shells Artillery could fire shells distances of up to approx. 12,000 yards. Artillery shells could weigh up to 900 lbs. It could take up to 12 men to handle an artillery gun and load the shells.
Poisonous Gases Cause choking, blistering, vomiting, internal & external bleeding, blinding, a burning of lung tissue, & death. Gases lobbed into enemy trenches
Trench Warfare Weapons on the front included: –Soldier’s would commonly use rifles, bayonets, spades, clubs, shotguns, helmets, and grenades –Armies would use larger items such as machine guns, mortars, artillery, gas, barbed-wire, aircraft, and mines