Unit 4 Vocabulary terms TrenchStalemate Triple Entente Triple Alliance
Unit 4 Vocabulary terms Allies Central powers Autocracypropaganda
Unit 4 Vocabulary terms Duma Czar, kaiser, archduke, prime minister Total war Treaty of Versailles
Unit 4 Vocabulary terms Armistice14 Points Reparations League of Nations
Unit 4 Vocabulary terms Militarism Nationalism Isolationism Balkans
Unit 4 Vocabulary terms Powder keg Front Abdicate conscription
Unit 4 Vocabulary terms Mobilization Ultimatum War of attritionSoviet Bolshevikmandate
Unit 4 Vocabulary definitions trench a dugout ditch or tunnel used for protection during WWI. Resulted from the use of machine guns and led to a system of trench warfare which prevented a quick victory for either side. stalemate a tie; during warfare it is a point where neither side is gaining significant advantage over the other. Triple entente a pre-war alliance consisting of Russia, Britain & France…later became known as the “Allies” Triple alliance A pre-war alliance consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary & Italy. Italy backed out of this alliance at the beginning of WWI.
Unit 4 Vocabulary definitions Allies The wartime alliance of Britain, France, Russia, U.S., Italy, Japan, Australia and any of their colonies. Central Powers The wartime alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, China & their conquered lands. Named so because of the geographic placement of the main 3 countries. Autocracy a government in which somebody holds unlimited power; practiced in czarist Russia propaganda one-sided information that is meant to shape the opinions of its audience. Occurs in media such as radio, TV, print ads, posters, music, art, etc.
Unit 4 Vocabulary definitions duma Russian parliament; instated by Czar Nicholas II after “Bloody Sunday” but revoked after 10 weeks. Czar/kaiser/archduke/prime minister czar (tsar)—Russian emperor Kaiser—German emperor archduke—title of eldest son of Austrian emperor prime minister—elected leader of England Total war war during which a country’s entire resources are committed to the war effort. Treaty of Versailles Settled the demands of the victorious countries after WWI; Key ideas included the war guilt clause, punitive reparations, creating new national boundaries and establishment of the League of Nations.
Unit 4 Vocabulary definitions armistice an agreement to end fighting; occurred on Nov. 11, 1918 (Veteran’s Day—formerly known as Armistice Day) 14 Points Wilson’s 14 ideas that he brought to the table during the Paris Peace Conference (drafting of the Treaty of Versailles). Only the 14 th Point (League of Nations) was well received. Other ideas included freedom of seas, no secret treaties, freeing of colonies and “peace without victory” (i.e. no punishment towards Central Powers) reparations payments owed by Germany to Allied nations to cover expense of the damages; totaled 33 billion dollars. League of Nations Wilson’s proposal to create an organization of all countries to settle disputes via diplomacy rather than warfare.
Unit 4 Vocabulary definitions militarism the glorification of war and promotion of war-readiness at any given moment. nationalism Ultra sense of pride & loyalty towards one’s own nation or people. Used to gain (blind?) support for war. isolationism a foreign policy of remaining uninvolved in other countries’ affairs. A popular U.S. policy which delayed their involvement in WWI. Balkans a region in Southeastern Europe that was once controlled by the Ottoman Empire; comprised of multiple ethnic groups who sought self-determination.
Unit 4 Vocabulary definitions Powder keg Metaphorical term used to describe the Balkans region; it was a hotbed for potential conflict since various countries competed for its resources & colonial potential. front physical location of military confrontation; there were multiple fronts of WWI. abdicate to step down from the throne. conscription the draft.
Unit 4 Vocabulary definitions mobilization the movement of troops & supplies to the war front; organizing people and resources for immediate action. ultimatum a list of demands, usually with extreme consequences if not met. War of attrition strategy that focuses on wearing away of morale and resistance by persistent attacks; a drawn-out practice with huge death tolls. soviet local town councils in Russia; served as temporary leadership after breakdown of national government during Russia’s revolutionary period. Bolsheviks a radical Russian revolutionary faction which sought to overthrow the czarist regime and replace it with a communist government; led by Vladimir Lenin. mandate term given to territories that were placed under the control of European members of the League of Nations after WWI.