Presentation on theme: "Trench Warefare in Battles The Battle of Verdun The Battle of the Somme."— Presentation transcript:
Trench Warefare in Battles The Battle of Verdun The Battle of the Somme
Trench Life Wet, Soggy, Rat and Lice Infested Food Shortages Trench foot – foot rot Shell Shock – soldiers get Post-Traumatic Stress syndrome Spent long periods of time in Trenches
What is a “Battle of Attrition?” “Bleed the Enemy White” Meaning: wear down the enemy with continuous pressure so that they surrender no matter what the cost
The Battle of Verdun February 21st – December 18 th, 1916
Where the Battle Occurred Fort of Verdun –Extreme significance to French –Heavy French fortification In short, it was of greater value symbolically than strategically.
What happened Feb. to Dec. Germany offensive of French lines Germany gained land French fight back to regain land Result: –French casualties - 550,000 –German casualties - 434,000 –½ of total were fatalities. –The only real effect of the battle was the irrevocable wounding of both armies. –No tactical or strategic advantage had been gained by either side.
The Battle of the Somme July 1 st – November 18 th, 1916
Where did it Occur
What happened Britain bombarded Germany for 8 days end - June 28, 1916 Walked across lines to see what little was left of Germany Germany was ready
Result of 1 st Day Loss of 58,000 British troops (one third of them killed) on the first day of the battle Became the Greatest loss in British military history
Result of Battle Ended mid-Nov. 420,000 British casualties 200,000 French casualties. 500,000 German Casualties All for the British and French gain of 12 kilometres of ground