Causes of the Great War Nationalism – Pride in one’s country Imperialism – Stronger nation takes over weaker nation Militarism – Military power and keeping an army prepared for war Alliances
Toward Mass Armies and Industrial War Industrializations effect on War Weapons Transportation Naval Power Arms-Race KEYPOINT The outcome of a protracted war between industrial powers depended less on rifle strength in the first battles than on industrial might and financial stamina.
The Great War Expectation Unexpected War Introduction to Total War
The Alliance System Triple Entente: Triple Alliance:
Two Armed Camps! Allied Powers: Central Powers:
The Major Players: 1914-17 Nicholas II [Rus] George V [Br] Pres. Poincare [Fr] Allied Powers: Franz Josef [A-H] Wilhelm II [Ger] Victor Emmanuel II [It] Central Powers: Enver Pasha [Turkey]
Militarism & Arms Race 187018801890190019101914 94130154268289398 Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s. 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France10% Britain13% Russia39% Germany73%