Presentation on theme: "Rojo 9B APUNTES. Direct Object Pronouns: menos teos lolos lalas Me = menos = us Te = youos = you guys (Spain) Lo = him, it, you (male,formal)Los = them,"— Presentation transcript:
Direct Object Pronouns: menos teos lolos lalas Me = menos = us Te = youos = you guys (Spain) Lo = him, it, you (male,formal)Los = them, you guys La = her, it, you (female, formal)Las = them (female), you gals (female)
Direct objects show who or what receives the action of the verb. To avoid repetition, use a direct object pronoun. Ex: I am watching the game. = Yo veo el partido. I am watching it. = Yo LO veo.
1.Put the D.O. pronouns BEFORE a conjugated verb. los Ex: Yo los pego. = I hit them. me Berguita me besa. = Berguita kisses me.
Placement rules: 2. They can also be ATTACHED to an infinitive, OR they can go BEFORE the entire verb phrase when there is an infinitive. Ex: I am going to hit them! = ¡Yo los voy a pegar! OR ¡Voy a pegarlos!
Present Progressive estoyestamo s estásestáis estáestán stem of infin. + “ando” or “iendo” Present Progressive To say what is happening RIGHT NOW: form of estar + present participle Ex: We are listening to music = Estamos eschuando la música. They are doing their homework = Están haciendo su tarea. (The “-ANDO”,“-IENDO” and “-YENDO” in Spanish are like “-ING” endings in English.)
Present Progressive Used to say what is happening RIGHT NOW at this VERY MOMENT. Ex: Leave me alone, I am sleeping! Formula : 1. form of estar + 2. present participleV estoyestamos estásestáis estáestán Stem of infinitivo Plus: -ando -iendo -yendo
Ex: We are listening to music = Estamos eschuando la música. They are doing their homework = Están haciendo su tarea. (The “-ANDO”,“-IENDO” and “-YENDO” in Spanish are like “-ING” endings in English.)
Use “-ANDO” for –ar verbs “-IENDO” for –er and –ir verbs “-YENDO” for verbs whose Stems end in an “E” or “I” like creer and leer If this is the case, change the “i” to a “y” so that you do not have 3 vowels in a row. Ex: Leer le yendo; Traer tra yendo --Estoy leyendo = I am reading.
Key pregunta: ¿Qué estás haciendo ahora? = What are you doing now? For Reflexivos: (2 options) Ex.: Maquillarse I am putting on makeup. = 1) Me estoy maquillando. OR: 2) Estoy maquillándome. ********************************************** ****
“-ir” stem changers in present have a DIFFERENT stem change in the participle: pedir = pidiendo dormir = durmiendo servir = sirviendo venir = viniendo
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