Presentation on theme: "Trench Warfare WORLD WAR I. Europeans Head for WAR Many Europeans were excited about war Thought war would be over in a few weeks Belief that because."— Presentation transcript:
Europeans Head for WAR Many Europeans were excited about war Thought war would be over in a few weeks Belief that because of industrial changes & modernization, war could not be conducted for more than a few months Glorious adventure
The Schlieffen Plan Germans race to Western front 1 st Goals: after defeating France, concentrate on the Eastern front w/ Russia Avoid fighting a two front war Germany made vast encircling movement through Belgium (brought Great Britain into war) to enter France
TRENCH WARFARE What did it look like? Elaborate systems of defense barbed wire Concrete machine gun nests Mortar batteries Troops lived in holes underground
When a soldier went ‘over the top’ across No Man’s Land to attack the enemy he had to carry all of this equipment through the mud, barbed wires and crater holes made by mines. They had to make sure that they did not get shot at the same time.
Officers walking through a flooded communication trench.
The trenches were wet and cold. The battalion lived in mud and water. Gum boots were provided for the troops in the most exposed positions. Trench foot was still a new ailment and the provision of dry socks was vitally important. Part of the trench was reserved for men to go two at a time, at least once a day, and rub each other's feet with grease.
The outstanding feature of the trenches was the extraordinary number of rats. The trenches were infested with them. It was impossible to keep them out of the dugouts. They grew fat on the food that they stole from soliders, and anything they could pick up in or around the trenches; they were HUGE! Some were nearly as big as cats.. A full day's rest allowed us to clean up a bit, and to launch a full scale attack on lice. I sat in a quiet corner of a barn for two hours delousing myself as best I could. We were all at it, for none of us escaped their vile attentions. The things lay in the seams of trousers, in the deep furrows of long thick woolly pants, and seemed impregnable in their deep entrenchments. A lighted candle applied where they were thickest made them pop like Chinese crackers. After a session of this, my face would be covered with small blood spots from extra big fellows which had popped too vigorously. Private George Coppard
Trench Warfare: Technology Tanks: Slow and clumsy Machine guns: Rapid fire, made advancement difficult, caused stalemates Airplanes: used to drop bombs and for air conflict Poison Gas: caused blindness, blisters, some caused victims to choke to death
Soldiers digging trenches while protected against gas attacks
British and German troops stand together during the Christmas Truce of 1914-15. Christmas Truce 1914
O ne of the most remarkable incidents in history was the impromptu truce that took place on the Western Front on Christmas Day 1914. Beginning late on Christmas Eve, the entrenched British and German troops began serenading each other with songs and carols. By the next day a full truce was on, with soldiers and officers from both sides fraternizing and exchanging gifts. There was even an international soccer match played with teams comprised of warring soldiers. On December 26, 1914 the First World War started again. How sad. Ninety- four years later, in 2008, soldiers from the same opposing regiments reenacted the famous Christmas Truce in the same location. (video – 3:06)(video – 3:06)
Trench Warfare: Analysis This was the new tactic in war. After the war, it had left horrific scars- both physical and mental
TRENCH WARFARE COLLAGE LEFT PAGE At least 5 pictures of trench warfare At least 5 words describing conditions of living in the trenches At least 2 quotes from someone who lived in the trenches during WWI. Include the name of the person who gave the quote. **Be careful not to choose pictures/quotes from other wars or unrelated topics!**