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1950s DBQ – Outside Information

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1 1950s DBQ – Outside Information
Federal Highway Act of 1956 FHA & VA loans “Bedroom Communities” “Liberal Consensus” Segregationist background of Social Security exclusions Rural black southerners migrate to northern cities “Cult of Domesticity” Little Rock integration (Eisenhower sends federal troops to Little Rock; Governor Orval Faubus; Southern reaction to integrated schools = close many public schools) Church bombing in Birmingham, Ala. Ole Miss integration & James Meredith ? Betty Friedan & Feminine Mystique (1963) ? Rachel Carson & Silent Spring (1962) Industry & Labor Pacts McCarthyism & related details Loyalty oaths Rock & Roll Beats & counterculture Civil Rights Movement (Brown v Board, Rosa Parks & Montgomery Bus Boycott; NAACP; Jackie Robinson) Thurgood Marshall & The Warren (Supreme) Court Company Man Man in the Grey Flannel Suit Nuclear family Growth of national media Hollywood Ten & blacklists Growth of National consumer culture National advertising; increased use of psychology in advertising John Kenneth Galbraith – “The Affluent Society” Sputnik & education spending Urban decay and poverty

2 1950s DBQ Documents Document A:
Do more than JUST talk about a few teachers being fired/investigated Low-level analysis; this is a typical symbol of McCarthyism Shows restlessness & fearfulness Fear = conformity/order Loss of political & social freedom (no room for messy dissent) Majority rule without minority rights Document B: Do more than just say what the benefit was or who the new beneficiaries are Indicator of the “liberal consensus” around gov’t means there was more political unity, especially on the ideas of economic security Expansion to previously excluded groups shows a growth in support for economic security (could describe the history of exclusded groups in S.S. policy) Mostly still reinforcing the status quo here

3 1950s DBQ Documents Document C: Avoid lengthy restatement of exact numbers from graphs; Better to talk more of the trends (“steady suburbanization growth”; “population of suburbs increases by 50%) City pop remains steady; but are becoming more diverse (with nonwhites, esp. blacks moving from South) All the movement creates change & disruption “White flight” = avoiding change -> orderly suburbs Cities are more diverse and thus inherently more disorderly (but this disorder is increasing not declining) and is a BIG part of America at this time as well. Document D: Poor interpretation: LOTS of women going into work; Proof of women’s equality; (NOT yet true) Economic & orderly: the reason for many women to work is to pursue MORE material wealth Proof of domestic order: these working decisions are discretionary – most women could choose to work or not because their basic household wealth was good Cult of Domesticity hasn’t gone away but is fading ANALYSIS DANGER: Feminine Mystique (not yet); but this is a great opportunity to suggest hidden discontent and FORESHADOW the seeds of change

4 1950s DBQ Documents Document E
This one is tough. I might have written comments but I didn’t hold many mistakes against you on this one b/c you may not know enough about the show. National comedy show. Orderly in that we’re all watching the SAME stuff. CBS: National television network Is the rapid growth of TV showing that life is so tranquil & orderly that we need to escape? Pretty. Eventually subservient. Disorder: Lucy constantly seeking personal celebrity and fulfillment; undermines her husband often for the sake of her own ambition Document F Limited analysis: only identifying the civil rights struggle or focusing merely on the Little Rock Nine Integration creates disorder! White backlash against civil rights is DISORDERLY (bombings, threats, harassment, “unladylike” behavior here) Blacks clamoring for change is embracing the order & economic opportunity that whites enjoyed (could be used to show support for Halberstam); but their struggle creates considerable disorder This is a BIG social & political matter that defines the era (contradicts economic emphasis) Eisenhower is enforcing order (respect for rule of law & authority of courts) despite his personal reluctance OR… considering the intensity of white resistance, ultimate compliance is evidence of exactly how orderly Americans were “White flight” & closing of southern public schools creates chaos, but also shows a desperate striving by white to keep the old social order

5 1950s DBQ Documents Document G
Traditional family model in a typical family activity reinforced Emphasis on consumer culture Advertising increases and promotes more consumerism and conformity Typical American living room Television promoting standardized cultural entertainment (orderly) Isolates folks socially (individual/household entertainment vs. community activity) Document H BASIC ANALYSIS BUT GOOD: Very regimented & predictable (orderly) BASIC ANALYSIS BUT GOOD: New, well furnished (economic) Sameness of houses = more sameness/conformity in people’s lifestyles “Bedroom communities” means segregation of genders during the day (limits social change) and even people’s routines of living were standardized Separates from politically & socially active cities


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