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**Understanding Equations**

7th Grade Module 3 Lesson 7

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Vocabulary: Equation: An equation is a statement of equality between two expressions. Has an “=“ in it. Represents a complete thought- a sentence. Examples: 3 + 4 = 7 4x – 5(6x + 2)=32

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Vocabulary: Number Sentence: A number sentence is a statement of equality (or inequality) between two numerical expressions. Only numbers, no variables Always true or always false. Examples: = 43 10(5) – (100 ÷ 10) = 40

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Vocabulary: Solution: A solution to an equation with one variable is a number that, when substituted for all instances of the variable in both expressions, makes the equation a true number sentence.

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Opening Exercise Your brother is going to college so you no longer have to share a bedroom. You decide to redecorate a wall by hanging two new posters on the wall. The wall is 14 feet wide, and each poster is four feet wide. You want to place the posters on the wall so that the distance to the edge of each poster to the nearest edge of the wall is the same as the distance between the posters, as shown in the diagram. Determine the distance. We are building expressions from word problems and write equations from those expressions.

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Opening Exercise Your brother is going to college so you no longer have to share a bedroom. You decide to redecorate a wall by hanging two new posters on the wall. The wall is 14 feet wide, and each poster is four feet wide. You want to place the posters on the wall so that the distance to the edge of each poster to the nearest edge of the wall is the same as the distance between the posters, as shown in the diagram. Determine the distance. 14–4–4=6 6÷3=2 Each arrow in the pic would be 2 feet long. If we didn’t know it was 2 we’d have x x x = 14 or 3x + 8 = 14

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Opening Exercise Your parents are redecorating the dining room and want to place two rectangular wall sconce lights that are 25 inches wide along a 10 2/3 feet wall so that the distance between the lights and the distances from each light to the nearest edge of the wall are all the same. Design the wall and determine the distance. This problem is more difficult because of the different units and fractions.

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Opening Exercise Your parents are redecorating the dining room and want to place two rectangular wall sconce lights that are 25 inches wide along a 10 2/3 feet wall so that the distance between the lights and the distances from each light to the nearest edge of the wall are all the same. Design the wall and determine the distance. 26 inches Or 2 1/6 feet After doing it both ways (feet and inches) Which one is easier/more efficient?

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Opening Exercise Let the distance between a light and the nearest edge of a wall be x ft. Write an expression in terms of x for the total length of the wall. Then use the expression and the length of the wall given in the problem to write an equation that can be used to find that distance. 3x + 2 1/ /12 3x + 2 1/ /12 = 10 2/3

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Opening Exercise Now in inches: Let the distance between a light and the nearest edge of a wall be y inches. Write an expression in terms of y for the total length of the wall. Then, use the expression and the length of the wall to write an equation that can be used to find that distance (in inches). 2 1/12 feet = 25 inches. 3y 10 2/3 feet = 128 inches; 3y + 50 = 128

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3y + 50 = 128 What values of y makes the second equation true: y = 24, y = 25, or y = 26? 26

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Example The ages of three sisters are consecutive integers. The sum of their ages is 45. Calculate their ages. Use a tape diagram to find their ages: x 45 – 3 ÷ 3 = 14 14, 15, 16 x 1 45 x 1 1

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Example If the youngest sister is x years old, describe the ages of the other two sisters in terms of x, write an expression for the sum of their ages in terms of x, and use that expression to write an equation that can be used to find their ages Youngest: x 2nd: (x + 1) years old Oldest: (x + 2) years old X + (x+1) + (x+2) X + (x+1) + (x+2)=45 3x + 3=45

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Example Determine if your answer from part (a) is a solution to the equation you wrote in part (b) (a) 14 (b) 3x + 3 = 45 True

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Exercise Sophia pays a $19.99 membership fee for an online music store. If she also buys two songs from a new album at a price of $0.99 each, what is the total cost? Do individually and discuss after 8 minutes. A $21.97 b n

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Exercise If Sophia purchases n songs for $0.99 each, write an expression for the total cost. .99n

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Exercise Sophia’s friend has saved $118 but is not sure how many songs she can afford if she buys the membership and some songs. Us the expression in part b to write an equation that can be used to determine how many songs Sophia’s friend can buy. .99n = 118

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Exercise Using the equation written in part c, can Sophia's friend buy 101, 100 or 99 songs?

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Summary An equation can be written from an expression by making the expression equal to something. To determine if a number is a solution to an equation you need to plug that value into the equation for the variable and see if the equation is true.

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Exit Ticket Homework is the problem set to lesson 7

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