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Unit-10 Articles and quantifiers

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1 Unit-10 Articles and quantifiers






7 Do you think colors affect your mood?

8 Do you think the color of the walls in your bedroom affects your mood?

9 The Effects of Color on Mood
Research has shown that colors have a direct impact on our feelings. Therefore, it makes sense for people to surround themselves with colors that make them feel good. Successful decorating depends on making the right color choices. It is beneficial to choose colors that make people feel comfortable, happy, relaxed, energized, or whatever mood is desired. Bright orange walls in a bedroom, for instance, may keep a sensitive person awake, whereas light blue seems to have a relaxing effect. Maya Romero of Omaha, Nebraska, suffered from chronic insomnia. A friend suggested that the orange walls in her bedroom might be contributing to the problem. Maya listened to her friend’s advice and painted the walls light blue. Since then, she has had much less trouble sleeping.

10 Color affects moods in a variety of ways
Color affects moods in a variety of ways. Yellow is a cheerful, uplifting color for most people. However, strong shades of yellow can be overwhelming when used for an entire room. Light yellow, on the other hand, can lift a person’s mood like a room filled with sunshine. Similarly, green can revive the spirit. This may be because green reminds us of nature. Typically, people experience the color blue as comforting. However, it is better to avoid using too much blue in one room. A room with blue walls and blue furniture can seem cold and overly formal. Christopher and Marie Wang of Duvall, Washington, moved into a new home and painted the walls in their living room blue. Then they filled the room with furniture of varying shades of blue. They loved it, but they noticed that conversation died when they sat in the room with guests.

11 They asked advice from a decorator to see if the problem was related to the décor. The decorator suggested that they replace their icy blue carpet with a carpet in warm colors, such as dark red or warm beige. She also recommended replacing their classic-style furniture with more comfortable pieces. The Wangs report that, after they made the changes, the living room quickly became their favorite room for entertaining. Clearly, the colors in an environment have a tremendous impact on the people who live or work there. Certain colors can improve moods dramatically, while others can actually bring on feelings of sadness or loneliness. It is crucial to carefully consider color choices when decorating a living space or office.

12 Notice- Choose the correct meaning
Bright orange walls A group of walls in general Specific walls

13 The orange walls A group of walls in general Specific walls

14 ✔ A sensitive person One example from a category or a group
Something in particular that was previously mentioned in the text

15 ✔ The problem One example from a category or a group
Something in particular that was previously mentioned in the text

16 Indefinite & definite & no Article
Indefinite Articles: a and an They come before singular count nouns. Definite Article: the It comes before singular count nouns plural count nouns noncount nouns

17 The color blue in a bedroom may relax people
The color blue in a bedroom may relax people. Choosing colors is an important part of decorating. The orange walls contributed to her insomnia.

18 Indefinite Articles: a and an
Use a/an before a singular count noun: a part of a category or a profession. Blue is a color. Her sister is an interior decorator.

19 Use a/an to introduce a singular count noun when you first mention it.
A room with blue walls can seem formal. An orange bedroom can keep you awake.

20 Use a/an before a singular count noun to give definitions or make generalizations.
A decorator is a person who chooses colors and furniture for a room. A yellow room is more cheerful than a blue room.

21 Definite article: the You can use the before singular and plural count nouns and noncount nouns. Where is the chair? The salespeople are very knowledgeable. The furniture in her house looks new.

22 Use the before a noun when you mention it a second time
Use the before a noun when you mention it a second time. I took an interesting class. The class was about the effects of colors on people’s moods.

23 Use the when a noun gives more information about the previously mentioned noun. The second noun is associated with the second noun. That is a very interesting article. The information in it explains a lot about the power of color.

24 Use THE when the listener or reader can physically see or visualize the noun.
Push the button in front of you. Your class is in the room just below this one.

25 Use the before a singular noun is used to represent a whole class or category. This is very formal.
The male robin is more colorful than the female.

26 Use the when the noun is unique.
The students are learning about the sun, the earth, and the solar system.

27 No article Use a no article when a noncount noun or a plural count noun is used to make a generalization. Research has taught us many things about the ways that we are affected by colors. Colors can affect our moods.


29 Quantifiers Quantifiers are words such as all (of), some (of), and a lot of that describe an amount or number. All of the colors go well together. I have some information about colors.

30 Quantifiers with Count Nouns and Noncount Nouns
Quantifiers describe both large and small quantities or amounts. They are used with both count and noncount nouns. more All (of) Many/A lot of Quite a few(of)/A great deal of Some(of) A few (of) / a little (of) Few (of) / little (of) Not a lot of/not many (of) / not much (of) Not any (of) / none of / no less


ONLY WITH COUNT NOUNS QUITE A FEW (OF), A FEW (OF), NOT MANY(OF) Quite a few painters have studied at that art school. A few painters shared the paint. Few students have time for art classes. Not many students have found a summer job.

A GREAT DEAL OF, A LITTLE, NOT MUCH (OF) We have a great deal of work to do. I have a little information. She has little patience. There is not much time left to complete the work.

34 A FEW vs. FEW (count nouns)
Use a few to say there are some but not many. There are always a few students who want to major in art. Use few for a very small number. There are few scholarships for international students.

35 A LITTLE vs. LITTLE (noncount nouns)
Use a little to say there is some but not much. I have a little money, so I can pay for it. Use little for a very small amount. I have little money. I don’t have enough money.

36 The following quantifiers can be used both count and noncount nouns;
All of the students in my class work hard. She used a lot of colors in her painting. Most of the answers are clear. Some of the students don’t know a lot about art. I didn’t take a lot of notes in class. We don’t have any solutions. None of the students is absent. There are no excuses for poor work. I gave him all of the money. I don’t have a lot of time today to study. I knew how to use most of the software. I painted some of the time while I was on vacation. He didn’t have a lot of help on the project. They didn’t put any effort into the job. None of the work is good. The room has no sunshine.

37 QUANTIFIERS AND OF Use a quantifier without of when a noun is used in an indefinite or general sense. Some students are late. I was interested in a few art classes.

38 Use a quantifier with of when the noun is specific and known to both the speaker and listener. Use of before a determiner such as the, my, your, his, her, our, their, these, or those. Some of the students at my school are very smart. A few of the activities in my class require artistic ability.

39 The quantifiers a great deal of, a lot of, and none of always include of. A lot of people are interested in art. (NOT- A lot people are interested in art.)






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