2BiographyHenryk Sienkiewicz ( ), the most outstanding and prolific Polish writer of the second half of the nineteenth century, was born in Wola Okrzejska, in the Russian part of Poland. His father's family was actively engaged in the revolutionary struggles for Polish independence, which accounts for the strong patriotic element in Sienkiewicz' work. Historical scholarship on the other hand ran in his mother's family.
3Biography(part 2)Sienkiewicz studied in Warsaw, but without any visible results. His talent as a writer was soon discovered. His early works are satirical sketches, betraying a strong social conscience. He made a trip to America in 1876 and travelled as far as California. His impressions were published in Polish newspapers and received very favourably. His travels provided him with material for several works, among them the brilliant short story Latarnik (1882) [The Lighthouse Keeper].
4Biography(part 3)After his return to Poland, Sienkiewicz devoted himself to historical studies, the result of which was his great trilogy about Poland in the midseventeenth century. Ogniem i mieczem [With Fire and Sword], Potop [The Deluge] and Pan Wolodyjowski [Pan Michael] were published in 1884, 1886, and 1888 respectively. The historical novels were followed by works on contemporary subjects: Bez dogmatu (1891) [Without Dogma], a psychological study of a sophisticated decadent man, and Rodzina Polanieckich (1894) [Children of the Soil], a peasant novel. In 1895 Sienkiewicz published his greatest success, Quo Vadis, a novel of Christian persecutions at the time of Nero.
5Biography(part 4)In his later novels he returned again to historical subjects. Krzyzacy (1900) deals with a period of medieval history, the victory of the Poles over the Teutonic Knights; Na polu chwaly ( 1906) [On the Field of Glory] is a sequel to his seventeenth-century trilogy. His last works Wiry (1910) [Whirlpools] and W pustyni i w puszczy (1912) [In Desert and Wilderness] again deal with contemporary subjects.Henryk Sienkiewicz died on November 15, 1916.
6Selected works:Trilogy OGNIEM I MIECZEM, With Fire and Sword - POTOP, The Deluge (film 1974, dir. by Jerzy Hoffman) - PAN WOLODYJOWSKI, Pan Michael / Fire in the Steppe (film 1969, dir. by Jerzy Hoffman)QUO VADIS, 1896 (film 1951, dir. by Mervyn Le Roi; film 2001, directed by Jerzy Kawalerowicz)KRZYZACY, Kights of the Cross / The Teutonic Knights / (film 1960, dir. by Aleksander Ford)NA POLU CHWALY, On the Field of Glory / The Field of GloryW PUSTYNI I PUSZCZY, In Desert and Wilderness / Through the Desert