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This PowerPoint Presentation is ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. All Rights Reserved. This PowerPoint Presentation is ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. All Rights.

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Presentation on theme: "This PowerPoint Presentation is ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. All Rights Reserved. This PowerPoint Presentation is ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. All Rights."— Presentation transcript:

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2 This PowerPoint Presentation is ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. All Rights Reserved. This PowerPoint Presentation is ©2013 by Robin L. Simmons. All Rights Reserved.

3 For Celia For Celia

4 Comma Splices and Fused Sentences Comma Splices and Fused Sentences

5 Know how to identify these two major errors. A comma splice looks like this: Main clause main clause. Main clause main clause. +,+ A fused sentence looks like this: + Ø+

6 Recognize a main clause when you see one: subject + verb = complete thought. Recognize a main clause when you see one: subject + verb = complete thought.

7 In an important piece of writing, comma splices and fused sentences = In an important piece of writing, comma splices and fused sentences = D E A T H ! ! !

8 Read this sample sentence: Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. Adding a comma won’t help, sweetheart. It will just make a comma splice, an equally terrible error. Adding a comma won’t help, sweetheart. It will just make a comma splice, an equally terrible e rror. The error is here!

9 Come on, Princess, let’s take a ride to the solutions ! Come on, Princess, let’s take a ride t o the solutions !

10 Option 1: Fix the error with a period and a capital letter. Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle. Her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

11 Let’s fix the errors that follow! Use a period and a capital letter. Let’s fix the errors that follow! Use a period a nd a capital letter.

12 1.While Oreo gnawed the corner of a shoe, Skeeter shredded a roll of toilet paper, the dogs love when we have forgotten to close the master bedroom door. 1.While Oreo gnawed the corner of a shoe, Skeeter shredded a roll of toilet paper. The dogs love when we have forgotten to close the master bedroom door.

13 2.A bucket catches water under the leaky ceiling, Annette wishes she had trimmed the big oak tree before the rotten limb crashed through the roof. 2.A bucket catches water under the leaky ceiling. Annette wishes she had trimmed the big oak tree before the rotten limb crashed through the roof.

14 3.Freddie’s car is a mess, she has overdue library books piled on the front seat, and she uses the floor as a trashcan for her frequent lunches at fast food restaurants. 3.Freddie’s car is a mess. She has overdue library books piled on the front seat, and she uses the floor as a trashcan for her frequent lunches at fast food restaurants.

15 4.On a busy Saturday night, Andre sweated in the hot restaurant kitchen as he assembled pizzas, he dreamed of one day having his own cooking show on the Food Network. 4.On a busy Saturday night, Andre sweated in the hot restaurant kitchen. As he assembled pizzas, he dreamed of one day having his own cooking show on the Food Network.

16 Option 2: Fix the error with a comma and a coordinating conjunction: and, but, for, nor, or, so, or yet. Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle, and her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

17 Let’s try some! Use and, but, for, nor, or, so, or yet to fix the errors that follow. Let’s try some! Use and, but, for, nor, or, so, or yet to fix the errors that follow.

18 1.Darren scooped seven tablespoons of sugar into his coffee, then he splashed cream into the cup and stirred the concoction. 1.Darren scooped seven tablespoons of sugar into his coffee, and then he splashed cream into the cup and stirred the concoction.

19 2.We suspected that Tahoe had tipped over the trash he flattened his ears and curled his tail between his legs as we cleaned the kitchen floor. 2.We suspected that Tahoe had tipped over the trash, for he flattened his ears and curled his tail between his legs as we cleaned the kitchen floor.

20 3.Butterflies never visited the backyard, Lawana planted an assortment of flowers to entice them with sweet nectar. 3.Butterflies never visited the backyard, so Lawana planted an assortment of flowers to entice them with sweet nectar.

21 4.Serena searched every corner of her bedroom she could not find her math book to study for the final exam. 4.Serena searched every corner of her bedroom, but she could not find her math book to study for the final exam.

22 Option 3: Fix the error with a semicolon (;). UUUUse sparingly—three or four times per essay. DDDDon’t capitalize after the semicolon unless the word is a proper noun, one that is always capitalized. WWWWhen you are writing by hand, make sure that the semicolon has good posture. Locate the dot right above the comma.

23 Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. Look at our sample: Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle; her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

24 Try to fix the errors that follow—this time with semicolons ! Try to fix the errors that follow—this time with semicolons !

25 1.Smoke billowed from the hot grill thick pork chops lay on a plate, waiting for Uncle Rick to cook them. 1.Smoke billowed from the hot grill; thick pork chops lay on a plate, waiting for Uncle Rick to cook them.

26 2.Laurie flashed a big smile we cringed at the spinach stuck to her front tooth. 2.Laurie flashed a big smile; we cringed at the spinach stuck to her front tooth.

27 3.Jiggling his foot, Carlos sat in the waiting room, he dreaded the shot of Novocain required to fill his cavity. 3.Jiggling his foot, Carlos sat in the waiting room; he dreaded the shot of Novocain required to fill his cavity.

28 4.Pushing and grunting, Tyrone tried to budge the heavy refrigerator, finally he decided just to paint around it, leaving a rectangle of dirty beige behind the appliance. 4.Pushing and grunting, Tyrone tried to budge the heavy refrigerator; finally, he decided just to paint around it, leaving a rectangle of dirty beige behind the appliance.

29 Option 4: Fix the error with a subordinate conjunction.  after  although  as  because  before  even though  if, even if  in order that  once  provided that  since  so [that implied], so that  than  that  though  unless  when, whenever  where, wherever, whereas  whether  while

30 Grandma rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. Look at our sample: Grandma rides her Harley motorcycle while her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. When Grandma rides her Harley motorcycle, her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

31 Know these general punctuation rules when using subordination. Subordinate clause +, + main clause. Main clause + Ø + subordinate clause. Comma Tip 5 Comma Tip 5 For exceptions to these rules, see Comma Tip 5 ! Comma Tip 5 For exceptions t o these rules, see C CC C oooo mmmm mmmm aaaa T T T T iiii pppp !

32 When Grandma rides her Harley motorcycle, her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars. Look at our sample: Grandma rides her Harley motorcycle while her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.

33 Let’s try fixing some with subordinate conjunctions ! Let’s try fixing some with subordinate conjunctions !

34 1.Jeff licked the soft serve cone, he tried to keep up with the melting ice cream. Main clause + Ø + subordinate clause. 1.Jeff licked the soft serve cone as he tried to keep up with the melting ice cream.

35 2.Nathan rudely slurped the spicy soup, Maybelle began loudly crunching tortilla chips. main clause. +, + Subordinate clause 2.Since Nathan rudely slurped the spicy soup, Maybelle began loudly crunching tortilla chips.

36 3.Harold held his hand under the cold water he burnt his fingers trying to remove the brownies without an oven mitt. Main clause + Ø + subordinate clause. 3.Harold held his hand under the cold water after he burnt his fingers trying to remove the brownies without an oven mitt.

37 4.The flowers waited for rain or the cool spray from the sprinklers, they wilted in the hot sun. main clause. +, + Subordinate clause 4.As the flowers waited for rain or the cool spray from the sprinklers, they wilted in the hot sun.

38 Quick Test Directions: Find and fix all of the comma splices and fused sentences in the items that follow.

39 1.I went into the bathroom last night, I heard someone singing in Spanish. 1.I went into the bathroom last night. I heard someone singing in Spanish. 1.I went into the bathroom last night, for I heard someone singing in Spanish. 1.I went into the bathroom last night; I heard someone singing in Spanish. 1.I went into the bathroom last night because I heard someone singing in Spanish.

40 2.Surprised, I turned on the lights, what idiot was making noise in my bathroom so late at night? 2.Surprised, I turned on the lights. What idiot was making noise in my bathroom so late at night?

41 3.I looked everywhere—behind the door, in the closet, under the bathroom sink—but I couldn't find the source of the music, the singing was really weird. 3.I looked everywhere—behind the door, in the closet, under the bathroom sink—but I couldn't find the source of the music, and the singing was really weird.

42 4. I listened closely, the singing seemed to be coming from the window above the bathtub, so I stuck my head around the shower curtain and looked in all of the corners. 4. I listened closely. The singing seemed to be coming from the window above the bathtub, so I stuck my head around the shower curtain and looked in all of the corners.

43 5.It was unbelievable, there was a spider spinning a web behind my shampoo bottles all the while she was singing Spanish love songs. 5.It was unbelievable. There was a spider spinning a web behind my shampoo bottles all the while she was singing Spanish love songs. 5.It was unbelievable. There was a spider spinning a web behind my shampoo bottles; all the while, she was singing Spanish love songs.

44 6.When the spider saw me staring at her, she said, "Yeek," I wasn't used to spiders squeaking in surprise at me in my own bathroom. 6.When the spider saw me staring at her, she said, "Yeek!" I wasn't used to spiders squeaking in surprise at me in my own bathroom. Yeek!

45 7.When the spider realized I was a human being, she crouched further behind the shampoo bottle I, on the other hand, went to get a can of Raid. 7.When the spider realized I was a human being, she crouched further behind the shampoo bottle. I, on the other hand, went to get a can of Raid.

46 8. When I returned with the can of Raid, I pointed it at the poor spider, wishing for her death, she, as a result, started singing even more beautifully. 8. When I returned with the can of Raid, I pointed it at the poor spider, wishing for her death. She, as a result, started singing even more beautifully.

47 9.Did I really want to hurt this poor creature who sang such beautiful Spanish love songs, did I really want to poison her and cause her to die a slow death behind the shampoo bottle? 9.Did I really want to hurt this poor creature who sang such beautiful Spanish love songs? Did I really want to poison her and cause her to die a slow death behind the shampoo bottle?

48 10. This spider was frightful looking, for she had long hairy legs, bulging eyes, and terrible pinching jaws, but I decided that if she would continue singing in her beautiful manner, I would let her live on the bathroom window ledge. Correct!

49 11.Every morning since that surprising evening, I listen to my singing spider, who continues to live behind the shampoo bottle. Correct again ! ¡Azucar!

50 12.I brush my teeth to the melodic voice of a very talented arachnid, my spider eats whatever unlucky flies get trapped in the house, I've learned to think before I spray Raid. 12.I brush my teeth to the melodic voice of a very talented arachnid while my spider eats whatever unlucky flies get trapped in the house, I've learned to think before I spray Raid. 12.I brush my teeth to the melodic voice of a very talented arachnid while my spider eats whatever unlucky flies get trapped in the house. I've learned to think before I spray Raid.

51 The End. The End. Be kind to spiders ! Or we’ll crawl into your pants and bite your thighs ! Be kind to spiders ! Or we’ll crawl into your pants and bite your thighs !


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