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Integrated Housing Needs & Opportunities Study. Neighborhood planning is hope… People’s hope Ad Hoc Advisory Committee Terry Bliss – County Planning Director.

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Presentation on theme: "Integrated Housing Needs & Opportunities Study. Neighborhood planning is hope… People’s hope Ad Hoc Advisory Committee Terry Bliss – County Planning Director."— Presentation transcript:

1 Integrated Housing Needs & Opportunities Study

2 Neighborhood planning is hope… People’s hope Ad Hoc Advisory Committee Terry Bliss – County Planning Director Regina Betts – NAACP representative Terry Capuano - United Way Kathie Greenblatt – Catholic Charities Barbara Ann Heegan, Living Communities LLC Joseph Middleton, Karen Halay, Deb Terrell - Bassett Hospital Carolyn Lewis and Zondra Hart - Otsego County Economic Development Tim Hayes - SUNY Oneonta Dan Maskin - Opportunities for Otsego Rob Robinson – The Otsego Chamber Betty A. Schwerd - County Representative-District 10 Robert Taylor – Town of New Lisbon Norm Tiffany – Habitat for Humanities Tony Scalici - Otsego Rural Housing Karen Sullivan - Otsego County Planning Lee Anne White - Otsego County DSS Frances Wright - Office for the Aging Psalm Wyckoff - Otsego County Planning Special Recognition– Focus Group members Tom ArmaoMaureen DillDr. Wendy Mitteager Mark BarstowBob HarlemSusan O’Handley Doug BeachelJim HawverSarah Patterson Lydia BellMaureen HennessyMary Rab Bruno BruniGary HerzigMike Ranieri Pete BussmannTom HorvathVicki Reissi Brian ClanceyJeff HouseTom Shypski Ed CoxDon HuntingtonMayor Carol Waller Susan DalasandroCarolyn LewisRobert Wood Otsego County Integrated Housing Needs & Opportunities Study

3 “To accomplish great things we must not only act, but also dream; not only plan, but also believe” Anatole France  Task 1 – Initial Scoping Session  Task 2 – Public Participation  Task 3 – Integrated Housing Needs & Opportunities Study  Task 4 – Action Plans  Task 5 - Final Document Otsego County Integrated Housing Needs & Opportunities Study

4 Components of the Housing Needs Study  Assess housing needs in Otsego County  Understand components of a healthy housing mix  Steps to address local housing market needs  Suggest housing-friendly regulation  Potential tenant & homebuyer demand / options Otsego County

5  Significant recent economic changes that affect housing stock  Concentrated economic and workforce growth  Shortage of affordable, quality housing in these areas ▪ Recruitment problems; Service delivery expense; Transportation issues  Week-long family tourism (e.g. baseball camps) and other seasonal occupancy types (e.g. students, second homeowners)  No county-wide, comprehensive and community development plan  Competitive disadvantage in securing state and federal funds  Lack data on specific needs of diversified segments Why conduct this study?

6  Local (HH median, ’08 estimates)  Half low/moderate household income; <80% median ($32,332)  One-third higher income; > 120% median ($49,332) ▪ Oneonta Area (with students): $33,831 ▪ Route 7/I-88: $39,121 ▪ Route 28: $40,506 ▪ Route 20: $45,081 ▪ Route 51: $45,717  Regional (HH median, ’08 estimates)  Otsego County: $40,075  Schoharie-Chenango-Delaware: $44,686 to $40,665  New York State: $52,865

7  Concentrated Rental  Oneonta area (includes Town) homeowners (54%)  Route 51, Route 7/88, Route 20 corridors (80+%)  Single-Family, Stick-Built Houses  68% of county market (less in Oneonta)  Mobile homes: 16%Multi-family: 9% Source: 2008 Claritas estimates  Occupied & Owned  30,158 units  80% occupied  Owners (74%)Renters (26%)

8  Seasonal, Recreational, Occasional  54% (2000 data) of vacant units  Nearly 10% of total units  Not so in Oneonta area  Expected to increase in Census 2010 Housing Vacancy

9  Net loss  Net outmigration of household (87 per year)  Targeted Inflows  Neighbors: 36% in / 32% out  Downstate: 429 households (Suffolk Co: 162)  Targeted Outflows  698 to outside NYS (net)  322 to NYS Capital Region (net)  107 to Central NY (net) Source: IRS county-level filings, Migration Trends

10  Diverse Renters  Cannot afford Do not want ownership  Rental Occupancy  Oneonta: 46%Route 51 Corridor: 18%  Fair Market Rents (HUD; per month; min. income required)  One-bedroom: $586  $23,440 (30% rule)  Two-bedroom: $689  Three-bedroom: $916  Four-bedroom: $952 27% of residents’ have income below this; would spend >30% on rent

11  Some Unaffordable  No local affordable housing units targeting any households at 50% of median income  Singles Only  Stronger market: non-elderly & one-bedroom  Weakest: elderly & four-bedroom  Oneonta Area  Among Corridors, Oneonta Area showed significant housing need/strongest support  affordable and market rate one- and two bedroom units  non-elderly households

12  Hypothetical Homeownership Program  Private mortgage  Average home purchase price  Subsidy grant program, if necessary  Local illustrations  Household size  Household income  5.5% interest rate; 30-year loan; 5% down

13  3BR for $139,000 (median, April 2009 MLS)  4-person family, 80% median income ($42,150)  Monthly income$3,513  38% of income$1,335  Less insurance, taxes, utilities$587  Total available for debt$747  Total grant required$7,000

14  Two-income household  Bassett Healthcare Lab Tech & Housekeeper  $55,000 total HH income  Afford: $180,000 house  No more than 30% of HH income on housing  Median Ask in Route 51 Corridor (May 2009)  $110,000 to $257,000  Depends on bedrooms  Automotive transportation required

15  One-income household  Otsego County Social Welfare Examiner  $26,000 total HH income  Afford: $70,000 house  No more than 30% of HH income on housing  Median Ask in Route 20 Corridor (May 2009)  $156,500 to $730,000  Depends on bedrooms  Automotive transportation required Case Study: Route 20 Corridor

16  Regulatory Boards  Costly, lengthy process  Board education important  Construction  Density and economies of scale keep costs down  Modular options  More options  Rentals for young, professional  Condos / Townhomes  Downsized for Senior Citizens / Empty nesters Focus Group: Building

17  Regulatory Boards  Costly, lengthy process  Board education important  More options  Type  Tenure  Income  Major Institutions Take Lead  E.g. colleges add dormitory supply Focus Group: Economic Development

18  Sewer / Water below capacity, but OLD  Transportation network development could benefit ‘urban’ centers  Shared or Consolidated services  school districts  public works  public safety  E.g. colleges add dormitory supply Focus Group: Infrastructure

19  Aging Cohort of Mobile Homes  Low/Mod Income can’t compete with students or weekly renters  Mixed income development works culturally and economically here  Senior and disabled housing needs rising  Public transportation could benefit affordable housing outside ‘urban’ centers  Local regulations to encourage housing Focus Group: Community Services

20  Goals  Broad ideas related to achieving housing development  Strategies  Express the general methods of achieving stated goals  Action Plans  Detailed actions to accomplish strategies  Information/guidance ▪ Stakeholders Funding sources ▪ TimeframeExpected results ▪ steps required Implementation Plan Guidance to leaders about vision for the future and guide for achieving it

21  Provide for a variety of housing  Encourage senior housing development  Mitigate or eliminate barriers to affordable and workforce housing through public education and advocacy  Encourage municipalities to adopt land management tools that create opportunities for affordable and local workforce housing  Expand or improve public infrastructure and transportation access to facilitate more adequate housing Otsego County Housing Goals

22 GOAL ONE: PROVIDE FOR A VARIETY OF HOUSING IN OTSEGO COUNTY Strategy 1: Identify and improve residential development within city, town and village centers. Action 1.2Encourage new housing development that fills identified gaps in the housing inventory including in the city, town and village centers such as single family homes, market rate apartments, town homes, condominiums, lofts, and live/work space. Based on information obtained during the planning process, it appears that a variety of housing is needed in Otsego County to meet the needs of local residents. Priority:High Priority Timeframe:Medium-Term Potential Stakeholders:Otsego County Planning Department, municipalities, private developers Potential Funding Sources:HOME, Affordable Housing Corporation, CDBG, Private Banks Sample Action Plan

23 G OAL T WO : E NCOURAGE D EVELOPMENT OF S ENIOR H OUSING. Strategy 1: : Identify specific subsidized or market rate senior housing developments that will assist the senior population in Otsego County. Action 1.1Work with local municipalities on their land use regulations to allow various housing development for seniors. There are a variety of zoning techniques that provide for senior housing options: senior housing zoning districts; cluster housing options; elder cottages and accessory apartments. Priority:Medium Priority Timeframe:Short-Term Potential Stakeholders:Otsego County Planning Department, Municipalities Potential Funding Sources:N/A – Staff time Action Goal: Work with 3 communities to effect land use regulation changes within 2 years

24 G OAL T HREE : M ITIGATE OR ELIMINATE BARRIERS TO AFFORDABLE AND WORKFORCE HOUSING INITIATIVES THROUGH A PROGRAM OF PUBLIC EDUCATION AND SUPPORT ADVOCACY. Strategy 1: Provide assistance to local municipalities to mitigate and eliminate barriers for housing. Action 1.1 Work with local municipalities to streamline permitting process to develop housing. Based on focus group comments, there is a need for revisions to the “Regulatory Approval” process for developing housing. Ideally, the County should work with local municipalities and develop a uniform review process to the extent possible for all municipalities within the County. Priority:High Priority Timeframe:Short-Term Potential Stakeholders:Otsego County Planning Department, Municipalities Potential Funding Sources:N/A – Staff time Action Goal:Develop a uniform streamlined permitting process within one year and encourage 5 municipalities to adopt the process within 3 years.

25 G OAL O NE : P ROVIDE FOR A VARIETY OF HOUSING IN O TSEGO C OUNTY Strategy 3: In partnership with both county organizations and non-profit housing organizations promote housing rehabilitation and homeownership programs. Action 3.1Formally establish the Ad Hoc Housing Committee into an Otsego County Housing Action Network During one of the Committee meetings it was suggested that the Ad Hoc Housing Committee formally organize and continue meeting periodically on housing issues facing Otsego County. This group could also ensure coordination with public and non-profit housing organizations to implement housing improvement and assistance programs. Priority:High Priority Timeframe:Short-Term Potential Stakeholders:Otsego County Planning Department, Ad Hoc Housing Committee, municipalities Potential Funding Sources:N/A – Staff time Action Goals: Formally organize the group within one year Meet a minimum of 4 times a year


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