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Science & Christianity: Separate but Equal? Robert J. Marks II, Ph.D. Distinguished Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering Baylor University

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Presentation on theme: "Science & Christianity: Separate but Equal? Robert J. Marks II, Ph.D. Distinguished Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering Baylor University"— Presentation transcript:

1 Science & Christianity: Separate but Equal? Robert J. Marks II, Ph.D. Distinguished Professor of Electrical & Computer Engineering Baylor University

2 The New Atheists Dawkins Scott HitchensHarris Myers “Christian theism must be rejected by any person with even a shred of respect for reason” George H. Smith, Atheist Philosopher

3 Separate But Equal?

4 Who gets to define “SCIENCE” Who gets to define “SCIENCE” “Science must exclude God.” “Science must exclude God.” “ Only things proven by science can be believed. ’’ “ Only things proven by science can be believed. ’’ Self Refuting Self Refuting

5 What motivates research at the Academy? Historically, many in science were motivated in their work by their... …Seeking of God

6 HISTORY OF SCIENCE… “… the Christian world … gave birth in a clear, articulate fashion to the experimental method of science itself.” Loren Eiseley, “Darwin’s Century” (Garden City, NY, Doubleday, 1958, Doubleday Anchor Books, 1961), p.62.

7 “… Hebrew and Christian belief in a deity who was at once a Creator and Law- giver rendered … [the idea of the ‘laws of nature’] valid.” A.R. Hall, Historian HISTORY OF SCIENCE

8 The Beauty of Creation In Science & Math, Researchers see God’s Laws in Creation.

9 Motivation? Premise #1: Some Scientists, Engineers and Mathematicians embrace a belief in God. Motivation for research, in certain cases, stems in part from their curiosity of discovering God’s creation and the awe and remarkable beauty of the relationships they uncover. Premise #1: Some Scientists, Engineers and Mathematicians embrace a belief in God. Motivation for research, in certain cases, stems in part from their curiosity of discovering God’s creation and the awe and remarkable beauty of the relationships they uncover. “Science brings man nearer to God” Louis Pasteur

10 “The more I study nature, the more I stand amazed at the work of the Creator. Into his tiniest creatures, God has placed extraordinary properties...” “The more I study nature, the more I stand amazed at the work of the Creator. Into his tiniest creatures, God has placed extraordinary properties...” Louis Pasteur ( ) Louis Pasteur ( ) “God is going to to reveal to us things He never revealed before if we put our hands in His.” “God is going to to reveal to us things He never revealed before if we put our hands in His.” George Washington Carver ( ) George Washington Carver ( ) (who named his laboratory God’s Little Workshop.) (who named his laboratory God’s Little Workshop.)

11 1. Gutenberg, JohannGutenberg, 2. Newton, IsaacNewton, Isaac 3. Luther, MartinLuther, Martin 4. Darwin, CharlesDarwin, Charles 5. Shakespeare, WilliamShakespeare, William 6. Columbus, ChristopherColumbus, Christopher 7. Marx, KarlMarx, Karl 8. Einstein, AlbertEinstein, Albert 9. Copernicus, NicolausCopernicus, Nicolaus 10. Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei 11. Da Vinci, LeonardoDa Vinci, Leonardo 12. Freud, SigmundFreud, Sigmund 13. Pasteur, LouisPasteur, Louis 14. Edison, ThomasEdison, Thomas 15. Jefferson, ThomasJefferson, Thomas 16. Hitler, AdolfHitler, Adolf 17. Gandhi, MahatmaGandhi, Mahatma 18. Locke, JohnLocke, John 19. MichelangeloMichelangelo 20. Smith, AdamSmith, Adam 21. Washington, GeorgeWashington, George 22. Khan, GenghisKhan, Genghis 23. Lincoln, AbrahamLincoln, Abraham 24. Aquinas, St. ThomasAquinas, St. Thomas 25. Watt, JamesWatt, James 26. Mozart, Wolfgang AmadeuMozart, Wolfgang Amadeu 27. Bonaparte, NapoleanBonaparte, Napolean 28. Bach, Johann SebastianBach, 29. Ford, HenryFord, Henry 30. Beethoven, Ludwig VonBeethoven, Ludwig Von 31. Watson & CrickWatsonCrick 32. Descartes, ReneDescartes, Rene 33. King, Martin Luther Jr.King, Martin Luther Jr. 34. Rousseau, Jean-JacquesRousseau, Jean-Jacques 35. Lenin, VladimirLenin, Vladimir 36. Fleming, AlexanderFleming, Alexander 37. VoltaireVoltaire 38. Bacon, FrancisBacon, Francis 39. Alighieri, DanteAlighieri 40. Wright BrothersWright Brothers 41. Gates, BillGates, Bill 42. Mendel, GregorMendel, Gregor 43. Mao, ZedongMao, 44. Bell, Alexander GrahamBell, Alexander Graham 45. William the ConquerorWilliam the Conqueror 46. Machiavelli, NiccoloMachiavelli Niccolo 47. Babbage, CharlesBabbage 48. Wollstonecraft, MaryWollstonecraft 49. Gorbachev, MikhailGorbachev, Mikhail 50. Sanger, MargaretSanger, Margaret 51. Jenner, EdwardJenner, Edward 52. Churchill, WinstonChurchill, Winston 53. Curie, MarieCurie, Marie 54. Polo, MarcoPolo, Marco 55. Magellan, FerdinandMagellan, Ferdinand 56. Stanton, ElizabethStanton, Elizabeth 57. Presley, ElvisPresley, Elvis 58. Joan of ArcJoan of Arc 59. Kant, ImmanuelKant, Immanuel 60. Roosevelt, Franklin D.Roosevelt, Franklin D. 61. Faraday, MichaelFaraday, Michael 62. Disney, WaltDisney, Walt 63. Austen, JaneAusten 64. Picasso, PabloPicasso, Pablo 65. Heisenberg, WernerHeisenberg 66. Griffith, D.W.Griffith, D.W. 67. Zworykin, VladimirZworykin 68. Franklin, BenjaminFranklin, Benjamin 69. Harvey, WilliamHarvey, William 70. Pope Gregory VllPope Gregory Vll 71. Tubman, HarrietTubman, Harriet 72. Bolivar, SimonBolivar, Simon 73. Princess DianaPrincess Diana 74. Fermi, EnricoFermi Enrico 75. Pincus, GregoryPincus, Gregory 76. The BeatlesThe Beatles 77. Hobbes, ThomasHobbes, Thomas 78. IsabellaIsabella 79. Stalin, JosephStalin, Joseph 80. Elizabeth IElizabeth I 81. Mandela, NelsonMandela, Nelson 82. Bohr, NeilsBohr, Neils 83. Peter the Great of RussiaPeter the Great of Russia 84. Marconi, GuglielmoMarconi Guglielmo 85. Reagan, RonaldReagan, Ronald 86. Joyce, JamesJoyce, James 87. Carson, RachelCarson, Rachel 88. Oppenheimer, Robert J.Oppenheimer 89. Anthony, Susan B.Anthony, Susan B. 90. Daguerre, LouisDaguerre 91. Spielberg, StevenSpielberg, Steven 92. Nightingale, FlorenceNightingale, Florence 93. Roosevelt, EleanorRoosevelt, Eleanor 94. Patient ZeroPatient Zero 95. Chaplin, CharlieChaplin, Charlie 96. Caruso, EnricoCaruso, Enrico 97. Salk, JonasSalk 98. Armstrong, LouisArmstrong, Louis 99. Da Gama, VascoDa Gama, Vasco 100. Suleiman ISuleiman Biography’s Top 100 Persons of the Millennium 2. Isaac Newton The father of classical physics. Co-Discoverer of Calculus 13. Louis Pasteur The father of microbiology 61. Michael Faraday The father of electrical engineering Blaise Pascal The father of computer engineering James Clerk Maxwell The founder of electromagnetics Thomas Bayes The founder of statistical inference

12 Sir Isaac Newton ( ) “...one of the greatest names in the history of human thought ” Newtonian Physics QuantumTheory (very small) Relativity (very big)

13 Sir Isaac Newton Contributions

14 Namesakes

15 God observed in nature... “[The] beautiful system of the the sun, planets and comets could only proceed from the councel and dominion of an intelligent and powerful Being.” Isaac Newton

16 From Opticks by Isaac Newton “God in the beginning formed matter in solid, massy, hard, impenetrable, moveable particles, of such sizes and figures, and with other such properties, and in such proportion to space, as most conduced to the end for which He formed them.”

17 Newton on Atheism “Atheism is so senseless and odious to mankind that it never had many professors.”

18 Michael Faraday ( )

19 Namesakes Michael Faraday... Namesakes F = C/ mol

20 “[Faraday’s] standard of duty was supernatural. It was formed entirely on what he held to be the revelation of the will of God in the written word, and throughout all his life his faith led him to act... to the the very letter of it.”

21 Faraday was offered and refused the Presidency of the Royal Society. He responded no… "I must remain plain Michael Faraday to the very last." Faraday was offered and refused the Presidency of the Royal Society. He responded no… "I must remain plain Michael Faraday to the very last." Faraday’s Motivation

22 Thomas Bayes ( 1702 – 1761) Bayes Theorem

23 James Clerk Maxwell (1831 –1879

24 James Clerk Maxwell Maxwell’sEquations

25 “The only desire which I can...have is, like David, to serve my own generation by the will of God, and then fall asleep.” Maxwell (near death). “I believe... that ‘Man's chief end is to glorify God and to enjoy Him for ever’.” James Clerk Maxwell

26 Blaise Pascal ( )

27 Pascal’s Triangle

28 Pascaline Calculator

29 Were all motivated by belief in God? Pierre Simon Laplace ( ).

30 Laplace Napoleon asked Laplace why God was not mentioned in any of his work on celestial mechanics. Laplace responded... “Sire, je n’avais pas besoin de cette hypothese.” “Sire, I had no need of that hypothesis.”

31 Premise #2 Numerous great researchers embrace Christ: The knowing of God, the creator of the universe, personally. Belief in God’s supremacy and saving grace made possible through the sacrifice of His son, Jesus Christ.

32 Christian Professors Today … Dr. Hugh Ross, Astrophysicist Professor William Zoller Chemistry cialab.ee.washington.edu/Marks- Stuff/ccc/Zoller/Zoller.html Professor Phillip E. Johnson Professor of Law Dr. Liz Miller Texas A&M Dr. Nancy Simpson Texas A&M Professor Walter Bradley Mechanical Engineer Professor Vernon Burton Professor of History and Sociology, Senior Research Scientist at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications. University of Illinois, Urbana- Champaign Professor John Walkup, Electrical Engineer Dr. Burford J. Furman Department of Mechanical & Aerospace EngineeringCollege of EngineeringSan José State UniversityDr. Burford J. Furman Department of Mechanical & Aerospace EngineeringCollege of EngineeringSan José State University

33 Isaac Newton on Christ “There is one God, the Father, ever-living, omnipresent, omniscient, almighty, the Maker of heaven and earth, and one Mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus.…” Sir Isaac Newton

34 Newton’s Proclamation “We account the Scriptures of God to be the most sublime philosophy. I find more sure marks of authenticity in the Bible than in any profane history whatsoever... Worshiping God and the Lamb [Jesus Christ] in the temple: God, for his benefaction in creating all things, and the Lamb, for his benefaction in redeeming us with his blood.” Sir Isaac Newton

35 Faraday: Speculations “[T]hough the thought of death brings the thought of judgment, it also brings to the Christian thought of Him [Jesus Christ] who died, … [and] rose again for the justification of those who believe in Him.” Michael Faraday “Speculations! I know nothing about speculations. I’m resting on certainties. `I know my Redeemer liveth’ and because He lives I shall also live.” purported to Faraday near death when queried by reporters about “speculations” of life after death.

36 Faraday’s faith in Christ The Christian religion is a revelation “Christ [is] the power of God and the wisdom of God. The Christian religion is a revelation and that revelation is the Word of God.” Michael Faraday

37 James Clerk Maxwell “Think what God has determined to do to all those who submit themselves to his righteousness and are willing to receive his gift [of eternal life in Jesus Christ]. They are to be conformed to the image of his Son and when that is fulfilled and God sees they are conformed to the image of Christ, there can be no more condemnation.” James Clerk Maxwell.

38 Blaise Pascal “We know God only through Jesus Christ… through Jesus Christ we know God. All who have pretended to know God, and prove Him without Jesus Christ, have only had impotent proofs.” “We know God only through Jesus Christ… through Jesus Christ we know God. All who have pretended to know God, and prove Him without Jesus Christ, have only had impotent proofs.” "There is a God-shaped vacuum in the heart of every man, which only God can fill through His Son Jesus Christ."

39 “Memorial In the year of grace, 1654, On Monday, 23rd of November, Feast of St Clement, Pope and Martyr, And others in the Martyrology, Vigil of St Chrysogonus, Martyr, and others, From about half past ten in the evening until about half past Twelve, Fire! God of Abraham, God of Isaac, God of Jacob, (Ex 3:6; Mt 22:32) Not of the philosophers and scholars. Certitude. Certitude. Feeling. Joy. Peace. God of Jesus Christ. "Thy God and my God." (Jn 20:17) Forgetfulness of the world and of everything, except God. He is to be found only in the ways taught in the Gospel. Greatness of the Human Soul. "Righteous Father, the world hath not known Thee, But I have known Thee." (Jn 17:25) Joy, joy, joy, tears of joy. I have separated myself from Him. "They have forsaken Me, the fountain of living waters." (Jn 2:13) "My God, wilt Thou leave me?" (Mt 27:46) Let me not be separated from Him eternally. "This is eternal life,That they might know Thee, the only true God, And Jesus Christ, whom Thou hast sent." (Jn 17:3) Jesus Christ... Pascal’s Conversion Thee, the only true God, Let me not be separated from Him eternally. "This is eternal life,That they might know Thee, the only true God, And Jesus Christ, whom Thou hast sent." (Jn 17:3) Joy, joy, joy, tears of joy. Pascal’s conversion to Christianity. Found in the lining of his coat on his death Joy. Peace. Certitude. Certitude. Feeling. Joy. Peace. God of Jesus Christ. "Thy God and my God." (Jn 20:17) Forgetfulness of the world and of everything, except God. Monday, Nov 23, 1654

40 Pascal’s Conversion (cont) “Jesus Christ “Jesus Christ I have separated myself from Him: I have fled from Him, denied Him, crucified Him. Let me never be separated from Him. We keep hold of Him only by the ways taught in the Gospel. Renunciation, total and sweet. Total submission to Jesus Christ and to my director. Eternally in joy for a day's training on earth. "I will not forget thy words." (Ps 119:16) Amen.

41 Pascal’s Prayer the mysteries of your creation through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever Almighty God, who gave your servant Blaise Pascal a great Intellect, that he might explore the mysteries of your creation, and who kindled in his heart a love for you and a devotion to your service: Mercifully give us your servants, according to our various callings, gifts of excellence in body, mind, and will, and the grace to use them diligently and to your glory, through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and for ever.”

42 Science and Faith: Separate But Equal?

43 POSTERS OF FAMOUS SCIENTISTS with quotes about their Christian faith: POSTERS OF FAMOUS SCIENTISTS with quotes about their Christian faith:RobertMarks.org Click: Apologetics, then posters

44 Solomon’s Sage Advice Solomon’s Sage Advice for Scholars...

45 Finis


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