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Introduction to Form/Genre and its relationship to FRBR Robert L. Maxwell Brigham Young University CCS Subject Access Committee.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Form/Genre and its relationship to FRBR Robert L. Maxwell Brigham Young University CCS Subject Access Committee."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Introduction to Form/Genre and its relationship to FRBR Robert L. Maxwell Brigham Young University CCS Subject Access Committee American Library Association June 23, 2007

3 MARC definitions INDEX TERM--GENRE/FORM (R) Terms indicating the genre, form, and/or physical characteristics of the materials being described. A genre term designates the style or technique of the intellectual content of textual materials or, for graphic materials, aspects such as vantage point, intended purpose, or method of representation. A form term designates historically and functionally specific kinds of materials distinguished by their physical character, the subject of their intellectual content, or the order of information within them. Physical characteristic terms designate historically and functionally specific kinds of materials as distinguished by an examination of their physical character, subject of their intellectual content, or the order of information with them VS SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM (R) A subject added entry in which the entry element is a topical term.

4 Examples of Form/Genre terms American poetry [literary] Cricket stories [literary] Godzilla films [film] Bedtime prayers [religious] Maze puzzles [games] Microfilms [physical characteristics] Electronic journals [physical characteristics]

5 Examples of Form/Genre terms Compact discs [physical characteristics] Sonatas (Bagpipe and continuo) [musical] Out-of-print books [publishing] Fanzines [publishing format] Watercolors—England—19 th century [visual arts] Vellum bindings [physical characteristics]

6 Coding of form/genre 100 1Aira, César,|d El todo que surca la nada /|cCésar Aira Short stories, Argentine Corrugated board bindings (Binding)|2rbbin

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11 Available heading use codes in MARC Authority format (008) 14 - Heading use--main or added entry Indicates whether the 1XX heading is appropriate for use as a main or added entry in bibliographic records. a - Appropriate b - Not appropriate | - No attempt to code 15 - Heading use--subject added entry Indicates whether the 1XX heading is appropriate for use as a subject added entry in bibliographic records. a - Appropriate b - Not appropriate | - No attempt to code 16 - Heading use--series added entry Indicates whether the 1XX heading is appropriate for use as a series added entry in bibliographic records. a - Appropriate b - Not appropriate | - No attempt to code

12 Potential coding addition to MARC 18 - Heading use—genre/form added entry Indicates whether the 1XX heading is appropriate for use as a genre/form added entry in bibliographic records. a - Appropriate b - Not appropriate | - No attempt to code

13 Incompatible references 150__ |a Literature 450__ |a Belles-lettres 450__ |a Western literature 450__ |a World literature 550__ |w g |a Philology 550__ |a Authors 550__ |a Authorship 155__ |a Literature 455__ |a Belles-lettres 455__ |a Western literature 455__ |a World literature

14 Subject Authority Record vs. Genre Authority Record 053_0 |a GV1507.M3 150__ |a Maze puzzles 450__ |a Mazes 550__ |w g |a Labyrinths 550__ |w g |a Puzzles 053_0 |a GV1507.M3 155__ |a Maze puzzles 455__ |a Mazes 555__ |w g |a Labyrinths 555__ |w g |a Puzzles

15 Thesauri available for use in 655 There are currently around 100 authorized thesauri from which terms may be used in 655, most written by different bodies that do not consult with each other All are listed at: tml#rela655b tml#rela655b

16 A Few Common Thesauri aat = Art & architecture thesaurus (Los Angeles, CA: Getty Research Institute, Getty Vocabulary Program) gmgpc = Thesaurus for graphic materials: TGM II, Genre and physical characteristic terms (Washington, DC: Library of Congress, Cataloging Distribution Service) gsafd = Guidelines on subject access to individual works of fiction, drama, etc. (Chicago: American Library Association) lcsh = Library of Congress subject headings (Washington: Library of Congress) mesh = Medical subject headings (Bethesda, MD: National Library of Medicine) mim = Moving image materials: genre terms (Washington: Motion Picture Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division, Library of Congress) rbbin = Binding terms: a thesaurus for use in rare book and special collections cataloguing (Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries, ALA) rbgenr = Genre terms: a thesaurus for use in rare book and special collections cataloguing (Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries) rbtyp = Type evidence: a thesaurus for use in rare book and special collections cataloging (Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries, ALA)

17 FRBR and Form Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records An IFLA document A model of the bibliographic universe based on the entity-relationship database model (ER)

18 Entity-Relationship Entities: Objects or things within a database. Entities have “attributes” that define them. Relationships: Links between entities within the database. Relationships may also have attributes, which describe the nature of the relationship.

19 Entity Relationship Attribute Entity Attribute ER Diagramming

20 FRBR Group 1 entities Work: A distinct intellectual or artistic creation Expression: The realization of a work Manifestation: The physical embodiment of an expression Item: A single exemplar of a manifestation (i.e. a copy)

21 FRBR Group 2 entities Person Corporate body Family [added in Functional Requirements for Authority Data]

22 FRBR Group 3 entities Concept Object Event Place

23 Some genre/form terms that relate to the FRBR Work Academic catalogs After-dinner speeches Arthurian romances Chinese poetry—California—San Francisco Film adaptations Scholarly periodicals

24 Form/genre related to work (ER) Work: Le roman de Tristan has a genre Concept: Arthurian romances has a creator Person: Thomas (Anglo-Norman poet)

25 Some genre/form terms that relate to the FRBR Expression Acrylic paintings Sea stories, American—Translations into German Colorized films Bilingual books Condensed books Films for the hearing impaired

26 Form/genre related to expression (ER) Work: Moby Dick has a genre Concept: Sea stories, American— Translations into German has a creator Person: Herman Melville is realized through Expression: German translation has a translator Person: Fritz Güttlinger

27 Some genre/form terms that relate to the FRBR Manifestation Compact discs vs. Audiocassettes Daguerrotypes vs. Ambrotypes vs. Albumen prints vs. Photographs Electronic books [dissertations, journals, etc.] Out-of-print books

28 Form/genre related to manifestation (ER) Work: Red prophet has a form Concept: Audiocassettes has a creator Person: Orson Scott Card is realized through Expression: 2007 recording is embodied in Manifestation: 2007 publication by Blackstone is embodied in Manifestation: 2007 publication by Blackstone has a form Concept: Compact discs

29 Some genre/form terms that relate to the FRBR Item Autographs Blind tooled bindings Batik papers Marbled edges Cancel leaves

30 Form/genre related to item (ER) Work: Moby Dick is embodied in Manifestation: 1975 publ. by Artist’s Limited Edition has a creator Person: Herman Melville is realized through Expression: first English expression has a signer Person: Jacques Yves Cousteau is exemplified by Item: copy in BYU Library has a form Concept: Autographs

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