Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byAlexandre Creason Modified over 3 years ago

1
Chapter 34 The Laws of Electromagnetism Maxwell’s Equations Displacement Current Electromagnetic Radiation

2
The Electromagnetic Spectrum Radio waves -wave infra -red -rays x-rays ultra -violet

3
The Equations of Electromagnetism (at this point …) Gauss’ Law for Electrostatics Gauss’ Law for Magnetism Faraday’s Law of Induction Ampere’s Law

4
1 2 The Equations of Electromagnetism..monopole.. ?...there’s no magnetic monopole....!! Gauss’s Laws

5
4 The Equations of Electromagnetism 3.. if you change a magnetic field you induce an electric field........... if you change a magnetic field you induce an electric field................is the reverse true..?.......is the reverse true..? Faraday’s Law Ampere’s Law

6
...lets take a look at charge flowing into a capacitor......when we derived Ampere’s Law we assumed constant current... E B

7
...lets take a look at charge flowing into a capacitor... E...when we derived Ampere’s Law we assumed constant current..... if the loop encloses one plate of the capacitor..there is a problem … I = 0 B Side view: (Surface is now like a bag:) E B

8
Maxwell solved this problem by realizing that.... B E Inside the capacitor there must be an induced magnetic field... How?.

9
Maxwell solved this problem by realizing that.... B E x x x x x x x x x A changing electric field induces a magnetic field Inside the capacitor there must be an induced magnetic field... How?. Inside the capacitor there is a changing E E B

10
Maxwell solved this problem by realizing that.... B E x x x x x x x x x A changing electric field induces a magnetic field Inside the capacitor there must be an induced magnetic field... How?. Inside the capacitor there is a changing E where I d is called the displacement current E B

11
Maxwell solved this problem by realizing that.... B E x x x x x x x x x A changing electric field induces a magnetic field Inside the capacitor there must be an induced magnetic field... How?. Inside the capacitor there is a changing E where I d is called the displacement current Therefore, Maxwell’s revision of Ampere’s Law becomes.... E B

12
Derivation of Displacement Current For a capacitor, and. Now, the electric flux is given by EA, so:, where this current, not being associated with charges, is called the “Displacement current”, I d. Hence: and:

13
Derivation of Displacement Current For a capacitor, and. Now, the electric flux is given by EA, so:, where this current, not being associated with charges, is called the “Displacement Current”, I d. Hence: and:

14
Maxwell’s Equations of Electromagnetism Gauss’ Law for Electrostatics Gauss’ Law for Magnetism Faraday’s Law of Induction Ampere’s Law

15
Maxwell’s Equations of Electromagnetism in Vacuum (no charges, no masses) Consider these equations in a vacuum...........no mass, no charges. no currents.....

16
Maxwell’s Equations of Electromagnetism in Vacuum (no charges, no masses)

17
Electromagnetic Waves Faraday’s law: dB/dt electric field Maxwell’s modification of Ampere’s law dE/dt magnetic field These two equations can be solved simultaneously. The result is: E(x, t) = E P sin (kx- t) B(x, t) = B P sin (kx- t) ˆ z ˆ j

18
B E Electromagnetic Waves

19
B E Special case..PLANE WAVES... satisfy the wave equation Maxwell’s Solution Electromagnetic Waves

20
Plane Electromagnetic Waves x EyEy BzBz E(x, t) = E P sin (kx- t) B(x, t) = B P sin (kx- t) ˆ z ˆ j c

21
Static wave F(x) = F P sin (kx + ) k = 2 k = wavenumber = wavelength F(x) x Moving wave F(x, t) = F P sin (kx - t ) = 2 f = angular frequency f = frequency v = / k F(x) x v

22
x v Moving wave F(x, t) = F P sin (kx - t ) What happens at x = 0 as a function of time? F(0, t) = F P sin (- t) F For x = 0 and t = 0 F(0, 0) = F P sin (0) For x = 0 and t = t F (0, t) = F P sin (0 – t) = F P sin (– t) This is equivalent to: kx = - t x = - ( /k) t F(x=0) at time t is the same as F[x=-( /k)t] at time 0 The wave moves to the right with speed /k

23
Plane Electromagnetic Waves x EyEy BzBz Notes: Waves are in Phase, but fields oriented at 90 0. k= Speed of wave is c= /k (= f At all times E=cB. E(x, t) = E P sin (kx- t) B(x, t) = B P sin (kx- t) ˆ z ˆ j c

Similar presentations

OK

8/5/08Lecture 2 Part 21 Maxwell’s Equations of the Electromagnetic Field Theory Gauss’s Law – charge makes an electric field The magnetic field is solenoidal.

8/5/08Lecture 2 Part 21 Maxwell’s Equations of the Electromagnetic Field Theory Gauss’s Law – charge makes an electric field The magnetic field is solenoidal.

© 2018 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on water chemistry Ppt on grease lubrication procedure Free ppt on development of face Ppt on unity in diversity images Download ppt on mind controlled robotic arms for education Convert word file to ppt online Ppt on computer languages basic Ppt on ceramic ball bearings Ppt on gunn diode pdf Ppt on history of olympics kids