Presentation on theme: "Socializing the Individual"— Presentation transcript:
1 Socializing the Individual CHAPTER 5Socializing the IndividualSection 1: Personality DevelopmentSection 2: The Social SelfSection 3: Agents of Socialization
2 SECTION 1Personality DevelopmentQuestion:What four main factors affect the development of personality?
3 Personality Development SECTION 1Personality Developmentheredity:physical traits, aptitudes, inherited characteristics, biologicaldrivesbirth order:if they have siblings and, if so, order of birth compared tohim or herFactorsthat Shape Individual Personality Developmentparents:parental char-acteristics, such as age, education, religion, and economicstatuscultural environment: determines the basic personality types found ina society
4 Question: What theories explain the process of socialization? SECTION 2The Social SelfQuestion:What theories explain the process of socialization?
5 The Social Self SECTION 2 Name Process of Socialization Theory The Tabula Rasa: Each person is a blank slate at birth, with no personality. People develop personality as a result of their social experiences. Moreover, infants can be molded into any type of person.John LockeCharles Horton CooleyGeorge Herbert MeadThe Looking-Glass Self: Infants have no sense of person or place. Children develop an image of themselves based on how others see them. Other people act as a mirror, reflecting back the image a child projects through their reaction to the child’s behavior.Role-Taking: People not only come to see themselves as others see them but also take on or pretend to take on the roles of others through imitation, play, and games. This process enables people to anticipate what others expect of them.
6 Question: What role does mass media play as an agent of socialization? SECTION 3Agents of SocializationQuestion:What role does mass media play as an agent of socialization?
7 Mass Media as a Socialization Agent SECTION 3Agents of SocializationMass Media as a Socialization Agent Mass media include books, films, the Internet, magazines, newspapers, radio, and television. Television probably has the most influence on children. The effect of television on children is an ongoing debate.
8 Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 5 1. How has the nature-versus-nurture debate evolved?2. What do social scientists believe are the principal factors that influence personality development?3. What does research on children reared in isolation indicate about the effects of the cultural environment on social and psychological development?4. What is the role of self in the socialization process?5. According to Cooley, how does a person’s sense of self develop in early childhood and when does this process end?6. Identify the primary agents of socialization in the United States.