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CHAPTER 5 Section 1:Personality Development Section 2:The Social Self Section 3:Agents of Socialization Socializing the Individual.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 5 Section 1:Personality Development Section 2:The Social Self Section 3:Agents of Socialization Socializing the Individual."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 5 Section 1:Personality Development Section 2:The Social Self Section 3:Agents of Socialization Socializing the Individual

2 SECTION 1 Question: What four main factors affect the development of personality? Personality Development

3 SECTION 1 Personality Development Factors that Shape Individual Personality Development parents: parental char- acteristics, such as age, education, religion, and economic status heredity: physical traits, aptitudes, inherited characteristics, biological drives birth order: if they have siblings and, if so, order of birth compared to him or her cultural environment: determines the basic personality types found in a society

4 SECTION 2 Question: What theories explain the process of socialization? The Social Self

5 SECTION 2 The Social Self NameProcess of Socialization Theory John Locke Charles Horton Cooley George Herbert Mead The Tabula Rasa: Each person is a blank slate at birth, with no personality. People develop personality as a result of their social experiences. Moreover, infants can be molded into any type of person. The Looking-Glass Self: Infants have no sense of person or place. Children develop an image of themselves based on how others see them. Other people act as a mirror, reflecting back the image a child projects through their reaction to the child’s behavior. Role-Taking: People not only come to see themselves as others see them but also take on or pretend to take on the roles of others through imitation, play, and games. This process enables people to anticipate what others expect of them.

6 SECTION 3 Agents of Socialization Question: What role does mass media play as an agent of socialization?

7 SECTION 3 Agents of Socialization Mass Media as a Socialization Agent  Mass media include books, films, the Internet, magazines, newspapers, radio, and television.  Television probably has the most influence on children.  The effect of television on children is an ongoing debate.

8 Chapter Wrap-Up 1.How has the nature-versus-nurture debate evolved? 2.What do social scientists believe are the principal factors that influence personality development? 3.What does research on children reared in isolation indicate about the effects of the cultural environment on social and psychological development? 4.What is the role of self in the socialization process? 5.According to Cooley, how does a person’s sense of self develop in early childhood and when does this process end? 6.Identify the primary agents of socialization in the United States. 1.How has the nature-versus-nurture debate evolved? 2.What do social scientists believe are the principal factors that influence personality development? 3.What does research on children reared in isolation indicate about the effects of the cultural environment on social and psychological development? 4.What is the role of self in the socialization process? 5.According to Cooley, how does a person’s sense of self develop in early childhood and when does this process end? 6.Identify the primary agents of socialization in the United States. CHAPTER 5


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