Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual"— Presentation transcript:
1CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Sociology4/14/2017CHAPTER 5 Socializing the IndividualSection 1: Personality DevelopmentSection 2: The Social SelfSection 3: Agents of SocializationChapter 5
2Objectives: Section 1: Personality Development Identify the four main factors that affect the development of personality.Explain how isolation in childhood affects development.
3Factors That Shape Personality Development Section 1: Personality DevelopmentFactors That Shape Personality DevelopmentHeredity – physical traits, aptitudes, inherited characteristics, biological drivesParents – parental characteristics, such as age, education, religion, and economic statusBirth order – personalities are shaped by whether one has siblingsCultural environment – determines the basic personality types found in a society
4Isolation in Childhood and Development Section 1: Personality DevelopmentIsolation in Childhood and DevelopmentResearch shows that a healthy cultural environment is essential for a child’s full developmentIsolation can lead to severe effects such as causing children to waste away and die or to have stunted development
5Objectives: Section 2: The Social Self Explain how a person’s sense of self emerges.Identify and describe the theories that have been put forth to explain the process of socialization.
6How Sense of Self Emerges Section 2: The Social SelfHow Sense of Self EmergesThrough interaction with social and cultural environments people are transformed into members of societyThe interactive process through which people learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of a society is called socialization
7Three Theories of Socialization Section 2: The Social SelfThree Theories of SocializationJohn Locke – The Tabula RosaCharles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass SelfGeorge Herbert Mead – Role-Taking
8John Locke – The Tabula Rosa Section 2: The Social SelfJohn Locke – The Tabula RosaEach person is a blank slate at birth, with no personality.People develop personality as a result of their social experiences.Moreover, infants can be molded into any type of person.
9Charles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass Self Section 2: The Social SelfCharles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass SelfInfants have no sense of person or place.Children develop an image of themselves based on how others see them.Other people act as a mirror, reflecting back the image a child projects through their reactions to the child’s behavior.
10George Herbert Mead – Role-Taking Section 2: The Social SelfGeorge Herbert Mead – Role-TakingPeople not only come to see themselves as others see them but also take on or pretend to take on the roles of others through imitation, play, and games.This process enables people to anticipate what others expect of them.
11Objectives: Section 3: Agents of Socialization Identify the most important agents of socialization in the United States.Explain why family and education are important social institutions.
12Agents of Socialization Section 3: Agents of SocializationAgents of SocializationFamily – most important agentPeer group – primary group composed of individuals of roughly equal age and social characteristics, particularly influential during pre-teenage and early teenage yearsSchool – plays a major roleMass media – books, films, the Internet, magazines and television, not face-to-face
13Importance of Family and Education Section 3: Agents of SocializationImportance of Family and EducationTeach children important life skillsTeach values, norms and beliefs