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THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Section 1: Personality Development Section.

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Presentation on theme: "THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Section 1: Personality Development Section."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 5 Socializing the Individual Section 1: Personality Development Section 2: The Social Self Section 3: Agents of Socialization

2 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives:  Identify the four main factors that affect the development of personality.  Explain how isolation in childhood affects development. Section 1: Personality Development

3 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 Factors That Shape Personality Development  Heredity – physical traits, aptitudes, inherited characteristics, biological drives  Parents – parental characteristics, such as age, education, religion, and economic status  Birth order – personalities are shaped by whether one has siblings  Cultural environment – determines the basic personality types found in a society Section 1: Personality Development

4 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 Isolation in Childhood and Development  Research shows that a healthy cultural environment is essential for a child’s full development  Isolation can lead to severe effects such as causing children to waste away and die or to have stunted development Section 1: Personality Development

5 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 Objectives:  Explain how a person’s sense of self emerges.  Identify and describe the theories that have been put forth to explain the process of socialization. Section 2: The Social Self

6 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 How Sense of Self Emerges  Through interaction with social and cultural environments people are transformed into members of society  The interactive process through which people learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of a society is called socialization Section 2: The Social Self

7 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Three Theories of Socialization  John Locke – The Tabula Rosa  Charles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass Self  George Herbert Mead – Role-Taking Section 2: The Social Self

8 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 John Locke – The Tabula Rosa  Each person is a blank slate at birth, with no personality.  People develop personality as a result of their social experiences.  Moreover, infants can be molded into any type of person. Section 2: The Social Self

9 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 Charles Horton Cooley – The Looking Glass Self  Infants have no sense of person or place.  Children develop an image of themselves based on how others see them.  Other people act as a mirror, reflecting back the image a child projects through their reactions to the child’s behavior. Section 2: The Social Self

10 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 George Herbert Mead – Role-Taking  People not only come to see themselves as others see them but also take on or pretend to take on the roles of others through imitation, play, and games.  This process enables people to anticipate what others expect of them. Section 2: The Social Self

11 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 11 Objectives:  Identify the most important agents of socialization in the United States.  Explain why family and education are important social institutions. Section 3: Agents of Socialization

12 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 12 Agents of Socialization  Family – most important agent  Peer group – primary group composed of individuals of roughly equal age and social characteristics, particularly influential during pre-teenage and early teenage years  School – plays a major role  Mass media – books, films, the Internet, magazines and television, not face-to-face Section 3: Agents of Socialization

13 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 13 Importance of Family and Education  Teach children important life skills  Teach values, norms and beliefs Section 3: Agents of Socialization


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